OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 31, Iss. 11 — Jun. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1804–1808

Slow-Light Fiber-Bragg-Grating Strain Sensor With a 280-femtostrain/√Hz Resolution

He Wen, George Skolianos, Shanhui Fan, Martin Bernier, Réal Vallée, and Michel J. F. Digonnet

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 11, pp. 1804-1808 (2013)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (697 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We report a fiber strain sensor based on a single fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with a minimum detectable strain of 280 femtostrain/√Hz in the 20-kHz range. This breakthrough was made possible by operating the FBG on one of its slow-light peaks, and utilizing a FBG with a particularly low loss, fabricated using ultrafast pulses, to maximize the sensitivity. A theoretical and experimental noise analysis shows that the sensor noise is limited by laser frequency noise and not fiber phase noise, which suggests that even greater performance can be expected with a more stable laser frequency. © 2012 Optical Society of America

© 2013 IEEE

Citation
He Wen, George Skolianos, Shanhui Fan, Martin Bernier, Réal Vallée, and Michel J. F. Digonnet, "Slow-Light Fiber-Bragg-Grating Strain Sensor With a 280-femtostrain/√Hz Resolution," J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1804-1808 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-31-11-1804


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. D. Kersey, T. A. Berkoff, W. W. Morey, "High resolution fibre-grating based strain sensor with interferometric wavelength-shift detection," Electron. Lett. 28, 136-138 (1992).
  2. H. Wen, M. Terrel, S. Fan, M. Digonnet, "Sensing with slow light in fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Sensor J. 12, 156-163 (2012).
  3. B. Lissak, A. Arie, M. Tur, "H aighly sensitive dynamic strain measurement by locking lasers to fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 23, 1930-1932 (1998).
  4. M. Digonnet, H. Wen, M. Terrel, S. Fan, "Slow light in fiber sensors," Proc. SPIE (2012) pp. 82730W1-11.
  5. D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, D. Janner, S. Longhi, P. Laporta, "Fiber strain sensor based on a π-phase shifted Bragg grating and the Pound-Drever-Hall technique," Opt. Exp. 16, 1945-1950 (2008).
  6. T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Tech. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).
  7. A. D. Kersey, T. A. Berkoff, W. W. Morey, "High resolution fibre-grating based strain sensor with interferometric wavelength-shift detection," Electron. Lett. 28, 136-138 (1992).
  8. G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, P. De Natale, "Probing the ultimate limit of fiber-optic strain sensing," Science 330, 1081-1084 (2010).
  9. J. H. Chow, D. E. McClelland, M. B. Gray, I. C. Littler, "Demonstration of a passive subpicostrain fiber strain sensor," Opt. Lett. 30, 1923-1925 (2005).
  10. M. Bernier, R. Vallée, B. Morasse, C. Desrosiers, A. Saliminia, Y. Sheng, "Ytterbium fiber laser based on first-order fiber Bragg gratings written with 400 nm femtosecond pulses and a phase-mask," Opt. Exp. 17, 18887-18893 (2009).
  11. G. A. Cranch, S. Foster, "Comments on 'Probing the ultimate limit of fiber-optic strain sensing'," Sci. 335, 286 (2012).
  12. G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, P. De Natale, "Response to comment on 'Probing the ultimate limit of fiber-optic strain sensing'," Scence 335, 286 (2012).
  13. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Tech. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
  14. Y. Liu, L. Wei, J. Lit, "Transmission loss of phase-shifted fiber Bragg gratings in lossy materials: A theoretical and experimental investigation," Appl. Opt. 46, 6770-6773 (2007).
  15. Y. Rao, "In-fibre Bragg grating sensors," Meas. Sci. Technol. 8, 355-375 (1997).
  16. K. H. Wanser, "Fundamental phase noise limit in optical fibre due to temperature fluctuations," Electron. Lett. 28, 53-54 (1992).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited