A generalized auxiliary differential equation (ADE) finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) dispersive scheme is introduced for the rigorous simulation of wave propagation in metallic structures at optical frequencies, where material dispersion is described via an arbitrary number of Drude and critical point terms. The implementation of an efficient perfectly matched layer for the termination of such media is also discussed and demonstrated. The model's validity is directly compared with both analytical and numerical results that employ known dispersion schemes, for the case of two benchmark examples, transmission through a thin metal film and scattering from a metallic nanocylinder. Furthermore, the accuracy of the proposed method is also demonstrated in the study of the optical properties of Ag and Au metal-insulator-metal waveguides, filters, and resonators, which also involve dielectrics whose material dispersion is described by the Sellmeier model.
© 2013 IEEE
Konstantinos P. Prokopidis and Dimitrios C. Zografopoulos, "A Unified FDTD/PML Scheme Based on Critical Points for Accurate Studies of Plasmonic Structures," J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 2467-2476 (2013)