OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 31, Iss. 22 — Nov. 15, 2013
  • pp: 3525–3534

Comparison of Intersymbol Interference Power Penalties for OOK and 4-PAM in Short-Range Optical Links

Krzysztof Szczerba, Petter Westbergh, Erik Agrell, Magnus Karlsson, Peter A. Andrekson, and Anders Larsson

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 22, pp. 3525-3534 (2013)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1169 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We present results of experimental and theoretical investigations of intersymbol interference in 4-PAM transmission in short-range optical communications links based on the power penalty. A test link comprised of a directly modulated 850 nm VCSEL with up to 200 m of multimode fiber and direct detection was used. The link bandwidth was below 10 GHz and the maximum achieved data rate with 4-PAM was 44 Gbps over 100 m of fiber. In the same case and at similar sensitivity, only 32 Gbps could be achieved with OOK. If typical forward error correction could be applied, the sensitivity of the 4-PAM system was improved by up to 4 dB, reaching –10 dBm at 25 Gbps.

© 2013 IEEE

Citation
Krzysztof Szczerba, Petter Westbergh, Erik Agrell, Magnus Karlsson, Peter A. Andrekson, and Anders Larsson, "Comparison of Intersymbol Interference Power Penalties for OOK and 4-PAM in Short-Range Optical Links," J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 3525-3534 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-31-22-3525


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. Westbergh, R. Safaisini, E. Haglund, B. Kögel, J. S. Gustavsson, A. Larsson, M. Geen, R. Lawrence, A. Joel, "High-speed 850 nm VCSELs with 28 GHz modulation bandwidth operating error-free up to 44 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 48, 1145-1147 (2012).
  2. W. Hofmann, P. Moser, P. Wolf, A. Mutig, M. Kroh, D. Bimberg, "44 Gb/s VCSEL for optical interconnects," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. ( 2011) pp. 1-3.
  3. R. Safaisini, S. K., E. Haglund, P. Westbergh, J. S. Gustavsson, A. Larsson, P. A. Andrekson, "20 Gbit/s error-free operation of 850 nm oxide-confined VCSELs beyond 1 km of multimode fibre," Electron. Lett. 48, 1225 -1227 (2012).
  4. K. Szczerba, B. Olsson, P. Westbergh, A. Rhodin, J. S. Gustavsson, Å. Haglund, M. Karlsson, A. Larsson, P. A. Andrekson, "37 Gbps transmission over 200 m of MMF using single cycle subcarrier modulation and a VCSEL with 20 GHz modulation bandwidth," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-3.
  5. S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, D. Cardenas, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, "Discrete multitone modulation for high-speed data transmission over multimode fibers using 850-nm VCSEL," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2009) pp. 1-3 .
  6. S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, "High-speed transmission over multimode optical fibers," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2008) pp. 1-3.
  7. J. M. Kahn, J. R. Barry, "Wireless infrared communications," Proc. IEEE 85 , 265-298 (1997).
  8. D. Watanabe, A. Ono, T. Okayasu, "CMOS optical 4-PAM VCSEL driver with modal-dispersion equalizer for 10 Gb/s 500 m MMF transmission," Proc. IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf. (2009) pp. 106-107.
  9. T. Toifl, C. Menolfi, M. Ruegg, R. Reutemann, P. Buchmann, M. Kossel, T. Morf, J. Weiss, M. L. Schmatz, "A 22 Gb/s PAM-4 receiver in 90-nm CMOS SOI technology," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 954-965 (2006 ).
  10. S. Walklin, J. Conradi, "Multilevel signaling for increasing the reach of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 2235-2248 (1999).
  11. J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "10 Gb/s & 20 Gb/s extended-reach multimode-fiber datacommunication links using multilevel modulation and transmitter-based equalization ," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2008) pp. 1-3.
  12. J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, P. Westbergh, J. S. Gustavsson, Å. Haglund, A. Larsson, "32 Gb/s multilevel modulation of an 850 nm VCSEL for next-generation datacommunication standards," Proc. Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011) pp. 1-2.
  13. J. E. Cunningham, D. Beckman, X. Zheng, D. Huang, T. Sze, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, "PAM-4 signaling over VCSELs with ${\rm 0.13\;\mu{\rm m}}$ CMOS chip technology ," Opt. Exp. 14, 12 028-12 038 (2006).
  14. K. Szczerba, P. Westbergh, J. S. Gustavsson, Å. Haglund, J. Karout, M. Karlsson, P. Andrekson, E. Agrell, A. Larsson, "30 Gbps 4-PAM transmission over 200 m of MMF using a VCSEL," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  15. K. Szczerba, P. Westbergh, J. Karout, J. S. Gustavsson, Å. Haglund, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, E. Agrell, A. Larsson, "4-PAM for high-speed short-range optical communications," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 885-894 (2012).
  16. D. Kam, M. Ritter, T. Beukema, J. Bulzacchelli, P. Pepeljugoski, Y. Kwark, L. Shan, X. Gu, C. Baks, R. John, G. Hougham, C. Schuster, R. Rimolo-Donadio, B. Wu, "Is 25 gb/s on-board signaling viable?," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag 32, 328-344 (2009).
  17. J. K. Pollard, "Multilevel data communication over optical fibre ," IEE Proc.-Commun. 138, 162-168 (1991).
  18. J. Proakis, M. Salehi, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2008).
  19. J. Gimlett, N. Cheung, "Dispersion penalty analysis for LED/single-mode fiber transmission systems," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 1381 -1392 (1986).
  20. D. Cunningham, M. Nowell, D. Hanson, and L. Kazovsky, “The IEEE 802.3z worst case link model for optical physical media dependent specification,” (1997). [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/z/public/presentations/mar1997/DCwpaper.pdf .
  21. “IEEE 802.3ae 10G Ethernet optical link budget spreadsheet.” (2000). [Online]. Available: http://ieee802.org/3/10G_study/public/email_attach/All_1250v2.xls.
  22. I. Reed, G. Solomon, "Polynomial codes over certain finite fields," J. Soc. Ind. Appl. Math. 8, 300-304 (1960).
  23. W. Ebel, W. Tranter, "The performance of Reed-Solomon codes on a bursty-noise channel," IEEE Trans. Commun. 43, 298- 306 (1995).
  24. B. Sklar, Digital Communications: Fundamentals and Applications (Prentice-Hall, 2001).
  25. IEEE Standard for Ethernet, IEEE Standard 802.3-2012, 2012..
  26. K. Szczerba, P. Westbergh, J. Karout, J. S. Gustavsson, Å. Haglund, M. Karlsson, P. A. Andrekson, E. Agrell, A. Larsson, "30 Gbps 4-PAM transmission over 200 m of MMF using an 850 nm VCSEL," Opt. Exp 19, 203-208 (2011).
  27. S. Blokhin, J. Lott, A. Mutig, G. Fiol, N. Ledentsov, M. Maximov, A. Nadtochiy, V. Shchukin, D. Bimberg, "Oxide-confined 850 nm VCSELs operating at bit rates up to 40 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 45 , 501-503 (2009 ).
  28. J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, "40 gb/s carrierless amplitude and phase modulation for low-cost optical datacommunication links," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  29. H. Frazier, "The 802.3z Gigabit Ethernet standard," IEEE Netw. 12, 6-7 (1998).
  30. IEEE Standard for Information technology Telecommunications and information exchange between systems Local and metropolitan area networks Specific requirements , IEEE Standard 802.3ba, 2010..
  31. P. Westbergh, R. Safaisini, E. Haglund, J. S. Gustavsson, A. Larsson, M. Geen, R. Lawrence, and A. Joel, “High-speed oxide confined 850-nm VCSELs operating error free at 40 Gbit/s up to $85^o$ C,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 768–771, 2013..
  32. J. Lee, M.-S. Chen, H.-D. Wang, "Design and comparison of three 20-Gb/s backplane transceivers for duobinary, PAM4, and NRZ data," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 43, 2120-2133 (2008).
  33. K. Szczerba, P. Westbergh, M. Karlsson, A. P. A., A. Larsson, "60 Gbits error-free 4-PAM operation with 850 nm VCSEL," Electron. Lett. 49, 953-955 (2013 ).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited