OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 32, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2014
  • pp: 2480–2485

Three-Dimensional Visible Light Indoor Localization Using AOA and RSS With Multiple Optical Receivers

Se-Hoon Yang, Hyun-Seung Kim, Yong-Hwan Son, and Sang-Kook Han

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 32, Issue 14, pp. 2480-2485 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1255 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


A novel concept is proposed for integrating optical wireless visible light communications with 3-D indoor positioning using a single transmitter and multiple tilted optical receivers. We modeled a channel link, which was based on the transmitter and receiver characteristic data obtained in this experiment. The proposed 3-D positioning algorithm is based on gain difference, which is a function of the angle of arrival and the received signal strength. Our demonstration shows that the proposed algorithm can determine accurate positions, including height, without intercell interference.

© 2014 IEEE

Original Manuscript: March 3, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 27, 2014
Published: May 30, 2014

Se-Hoon Yang, Hyun-Seung Kim, Yong-Hwan Son, and Sang-Kook Han, "Three-Dimensional Visible Light Indoor Localization Using AOA and RSS With Multiple Optical Receivers," J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 2480-2485 (2014)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. T. Gallagher, B. Li, A. Dempster, and C. Rizos, “A sector-based campus wide indoor positioning system,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Indoor Positioning Indoor Navigat., Zurich, Switzerland, 2010, pp. 1–8.
  2. J. Hightower and G. Borriello, “A survey and taxonomy of location system for ubiquitous computing,” IEEE Comput., vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 57–66, Aug.2001.
  3. P. Keikhosrokiani, N. Mustaffa, N. Zakaria, and M. I. Sarwar, “Wireless positioning techniques and location-based services: A literature review,” Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering. Dordrecht, The Netherlands:Springer, 2013, pp. 785–797.
  4. H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, and S. Han, “An indoor visible light communication positioning system using a RF carrier allocation technique,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 134–144, 2013.
  5. S. Yang, D. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Son, and S. Han, “Visible light based high accuracy indoor localization using the extinction ratio distributions of light signals,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 1385–1389, 2013.
  6. S. Yang, E. Jeong, D. Kim, H. Kim, Y. Son, and S. Han, “Indoor three-dimensional location estimation based on LED visible light communication,” Electron. Lett., vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 54–56, 2013.
  7. S. Yang, E. Jung, and S. Han, “Indoor location estimation based on LED visible light communication using multiple optical receivers,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 1834–1837, 2013.
  8. S. Yang, E. Jeong, and S. Han, “Indoor positioning based on received optical power difference by angle of arrival,” Electron. Lett., vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 49–51, 2014.
  9. K. Panta and J. Armstrong, “Indoor localisation using white LEDs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 228–230, 2012.
  10. T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 100–107, 2004.
  11. Y. Tanaka, T. Komine, S. Haruyama, and M. Nakagawa, “Indoor visible communication utilizing plural white LEDs as lighting,” in Proc. IEEE 12th Int. Symp. Pers., Indoor Mobile Radio Commun., San Diego, CA, USA, 2001, pp. F81–F85.
  12. “Lighting the way: Perspectives on the global lighting market,” McKinsey & Company Inc., New York City, NY, USA, 2011.
  13. H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, and S. Han, “Single side-band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing signal transmission in RF carrier allocated visible light communication,” IET Optoelectron., vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 125–130, 2013.
  14. J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “513 Mbit/s visible light communications link based on DMT-modulation of a white LED,” J. Lightw. Technol., vol. 28, no. 24, pp. 3512–3518, 2010.
  15. G. Cossu, A. M. Khalid, P. Choudhury, R. Corsini, and E. Ciaramella, “3.4 Gbit/s visible optical wireless transmission based on RGB LED,” Opt. Exp., vol. 20, no. 26, pp. B501–B506, 2012.
  16. A. M. Khalid, G. Cossu, R. Corsini, P. Choudhury, and E. Ciaramella, “1-Gb/s transmission over a phosphorescent white LED by using rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” IEEE Photon. J., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1465–1473, 2012.
  17. D. Manolakis, “Efficient solution and performance analysis of 3-D position estimation by trilateration,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 1239–1248, Oct.1996.
  18. A. Boukerche, H. A. B. Oliveira, E. F. Nakamura, and A. A. F. Loureiro, “Localization systems for wireless sensor networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 6–12, 2007.

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited