We report on the fabrication and optical properties of planar and channel waveguides in a CdS crystal using a C ion implantation technique combined with a standard photolithographic technique. The prism-coupling and the end-face coupling methods separately measure the guiding modes and the near-field intensity distribution of the light at 633 and 1539 nm. The refractive index profiles of the planar and channel waveguides are reconstructed at 633 and 1539 nm. The finite difference beam propagation method is used to simulate the guided mode profiles. There is excellent agreement between the measured and simulated modes at 633 and 1539 nm.
© 2014 IEEE
Original Manuscript: January 24, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2014
Published: June 26, 2014
Tao Liu, Peng Liu, Lian Zhang, Yu-Fan Zhou, Xiao-Fei Yu, Qing Huang, Qing-Ming Lu, and Xue-Lin Wang, "Planar and Channel Waveguide Structures in CdS Crystals at 633 and 1539 nm," J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 2556-2559 (2014)