OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology


  • Vol. 32, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2014
  • pp: 1190–1199

Dynamic p-Cycle Protection in Spectrum-Sliced Elastic Optical Networks

Fan Ji, Xiaoliang Chen, Wei Lu, Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues, and Zuqing Zhu

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 32, Issue 6, pp. 1190-1199 (2014)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2527 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

  • Export Citation/Save Click for help


We investigate dynamic pre-configured-cycle (p-cycle) protection design for spectrum-sliced elastic optical networks (EONs). Several novel algorithms are proposed to use the spectrum planning of working and backup resources. We first combine the protected working capacity envelope (PWCE) p-cycle design with spectrum planning, and design an algorithm that can achieve dynamic p-cycle design in EONs. Then, to resolve the coverage issue of the PWCE-p-cycles, we consider dynamic p -cycle design with Hamiltonian cycles and propose to use topology partition for reducing the lengths of backup paths. Simulation results show that our proposed algorithms achieve lower blocking probability than the shared path-protection (SPP) algorithm, while the average length of backup paths per request can be controlled well. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to address dynamic p-cycle protection design with spectrum planning for EONs.

© 2014 IEEE

Fan Ji, Xiaoliang Chen, Wei Lu, Joel J. P. C. Rodrigues, and Zuqing Zhu, "Dynamic p-Cycle Protection in Spectrum-Sliced Elastic Optical Networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 1190-1199 (2014)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189 -204 (2009).
  2. O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, B. Yoo, "Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer? ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, S12-S20 (2012).
  3. M. Jinno, "Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 138-145 (2010).
  4. Y. Wang, X. Cao, Y. Pan, "A study of the routing and spectrum allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Commun. (2011) pp. 1503-1511.
  5. K. Christodoulopoulos, I. Tomkos, E. Varvarigos, "Elastic bandwidth allocation in flexible OFDM-based optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1354-1366 (2011).
  6. Z. Zhu, W. Lu, L. Zhang, N. Ansari, "Dynamic service provisioning in elastic optical networks with hybrid single-/multi-path routing," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 15-22 ( 2013).
  7. M. Klinkowski, K. Walkowiak, "Routing and spectrum assignment in spectrum sliced elastic optical path network ," IEEE Commun. Lett. 15, 884-886 (2011).
  8. Y. Sone, "Routing and spectrum assignment algorithm maximizes spectrum utilization in optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. and Exhibition Optical Communication (2011) pp. 1-3.
  9. L. Gong, X. Zhou, W. Lu, Z. Zhu, "A two-population based evolutionary approach for optimizing routing, modulation and spectrum assignments (RMSA) in O-OFDM networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 16, 1520-1523 (2012).
  10. S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, B. Mukherjee, " Survivable WDM mesh networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 870-883 (2003).
  11. J. Cai, "20 Tbit/s transmission over 6860 km with Sub-Nyquist channel spacing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 651-657 (2012).
  12. Y. Sone, "Bandwidth squeezed restoration in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path networks (SLICE)," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 223-233 (2012).
  13. S. Xu, "Shared-path protection in OFDM-based optical networks with elastic bandwidth allocation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (2012) pp. 1-3.
  14. A. Castro, L. Velasco, M. Ruiz, J. Comellas, "Single-path provisioning with multi-path recovery in flexgrid optical networks," Proc. Int. Congr. Ultra Modern Telecommun. Control Syst. Workshops (2012) pp. 745-751 .
  15. M. Klinkowski, K. Walkowiak, "Offline RSA algorithms for elastic optical networks with dedicated path protection consideration," Proc. Int. Congr. Ultra Modern Telecommun. Control Systems and Workshops (2012) pp. 670-676 .
  16. A. Eira, J. Pedro, J. Pires, "Spectrum and transponder optimization in survivable translucent flexible-grid optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. (2012) pp. 6235- 6240.
  17. X. Cai, "Experimental demonstration of adaptive combinational QoT degradation restoration in elastic optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 31 , 664-671 (2013).
  18. M. Liu, M. Tornatore, B. Mukherjee, "Survivable traffic grooming in elastic optical networks—shared protection," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 903-909 (2013).
  19. W. Shi, Z. Zhu, M. Zhang, N. Ansari, "On the effect of bandwidth fragmentation on blocking probability in elastic optical networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 61, 2970-2978 (2013).
  20. W. Grover, D. Stamatelakis, "Cycle-oriented distributed preconfiguration: Ring-like speed with mesh-like capacity for self-planning network restoration," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. (1988) pp. 537-543.
  21. D. Schupke, C. Gruber, A. Autenrieth, "Optimal configuration of p-cycles in WDM networks," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. (2002) pp. 2761-2765.
  22. H. Huang, J. Copeland, "A series of Hamiltonian cycle-based solutions to provide simple and scalable mesh optical network resilience," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 46-51 (2002).
  23. Z. Zhang, W. Zhong, B. Mukherjee, "A heuristic method for design of survivable WDM networks with p-cycles," IEEE Commun. Lett. 8 , 467-469 (2004).
  24. Z. Zhang, W. Zhong, S. Bose, "Dynamically survivable WDM network design with p-cycle-based PWCE," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 756-758 (2005).
  25. A. Eshoul, H. Mouftah, "Survivability approaches using p-cycles in WDM mesh networks under static traffic," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 17, 671 -683 (2009).
  26. W. Grover, "The protected working capacity envelope concept: An alternate paradigm for automated service provisioning," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 62-69 (2004).
  27. W. Zhong, Z. Zhang, "Design of survivable WDM networks with shared-p-cycles," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. (2004) pp. 554 -556.
  28. L. Long, A. Kamal, "p2-cycles: p-cycles with parasitic protection links," Proc. Int. Conf. Commun. (2010) pp. 1-5 .

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited