OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2011
  • pp: 335–346

A Torus-Based 4-Way Fault-Tolerant Backbone Network Architecture for Avionic WDM LANs

Dexiang Wang and Janise Y. McNair  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 3, Issue 4, pp. 335-346 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (583 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



In this paper, we leverage the torus topology to design a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) backbone network for operation in hazardous avionic environments. The proposed WDM local area network offers efficient data delivery and fast fault recovery via establishing four non-overlapping lightpaths for any source–destination pair. First, we describe a torus-based architecture and propose an efficient non-overlapping lightpath setup algorithm: FOLD (Four-way Optimal Disjoint Routing). The algorithm is proved to achieve optimal link utilization. Second, based on the proposed lightpath setup algorithm, a wavelength allocation and reuse (WAR) scheme enforcing wavelength continuity is proposed to minimize the wavelength utilization for all-to-all communication. An analytical calculation on wavelength utilization shows that the proposed WAR performs very close to an ideal wavelength assignment scheme without wavelength continuity being enforced. Lastly, the probabilistic and capacity analysis demonstrates vast reliability improvement via applying the proposed network architecture in terms of network-failure-induced impact on connection reliability and network capacity degradation.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1155) Fiber optics and optical communications : All-optical networks
(060.4251) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, assignment and routing algorithms
(060.4257) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network survivability

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: September 14, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 27, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: February 18, 2011
Published: March 31, 2011

Dexiang Wang and Janise Y. McNair, "A Torus-Based 4-Way Fault-Tolerant Backbone Network Architecture for Avionic WDM LANs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 335-346 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. F. Habiby and R. Vaidyanathan, "WDM optical backbone networks in aircraft applications: networking challenges and standards progress," Military Communications Conf., 2009. MILCOM 2009, 2009, pp. 1‒6.
  2. R. D. Gardner, I. Andonovic, D. K. Hunter, A. J. McLaughlin, J. S. Aitchison, and J. H. Marsh, "High performance photonic avionics networking using WDM," Military Communications Conf., 1999. MILCOM 1999, Vol. 2, 1999, pp. 958‒962.
  3. C. Reardon, J. Profumo, and A. D. George, "Comparative simulative analysis of WDM LANs for avionics platforms," Military Communications Conf., 2006. MILCOM 2006, 2006, pp. 1‒7.
  4. G. Weichenberg, V. W. S. Chan, and M. Medard, "High-reliability topological architectures for networks under stress," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, (9), 1830‒1845 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. X. Yuan, R. Melhem, and R. Gupta, "Performance of multihop communications using logical topologies on optical torus networks," Proc. 7th Int. Conf. Computer Communications and Networks, 1998, pp. 494‒501.
  6. S. Stefanakos and T. Erlebach, "Routing in all-optical ring networks revisited," Proc. ISCC 2004. 9th Int. Symp. on Computers and Communications, Vol. 1, 2004, pp. 288‒293.
  7. D. Wang, A. Kumar, M. Sivakumar, and J. Y. McNair, "A fault-tolerant backbone network architecture targeting time-critical communication for avionic WDM LANs," IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications. ICC’09, 2009, pp. 1‒5.
  8. S. Ramamurthy, L. Sahasrabuddhe, and B. Mukherjee, "Survivable WDM mesh networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, (4), 870‒883 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Sun and E. Modiano, "Capacity provisioning and failure recovery for Low Earth Orbit satellite constellation," Int. J. Satellite Commun. Netw. 21, 259‒284 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Wen and V. W. S. Chan, "Ultra-reliable communication over unreliable optical networks via lightpath diversity: system characterization and optimization," Global Telecommunications Conf. GLOBECOM’03, Vol. 5, 2003, pp. 2529‒2535.
  11. W. Ni, X. Zheng, C. Zhu, Y. Li, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, "Achieving resource-efficient survivable provisioning in service differentiated WDM mesh networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, (16), 2831‒2839 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Zang, J. P. Jue, and B. Mukherjee, "A review of routing and wavelength assignment approach for wavelength routed optical WDM networks," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, (1), 47‒60 (2000).
  13. B. Beauquier, "All-to-all communication for some wavelength-routed all-optical networks," Networks 33, 179‒187 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. S. F. Habiby and M. J. Hackert, "RONIA results: WDM-based optical networks in aircraft applications," Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conf., 2008, pp. 71‒72.
  15. J. Bowers, "Low power 3D MEMS optical switches," IEEE/LEOS Int. Conf. on Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics, 2009, pp. 152‒153.
  16. J. W. Suurballe, "Disjoint paths in a network," Networks 4, 125‒145 (1974). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited