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Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2012
  • pp: B114–B123

Ultra-Low-Power 10 to 28.5 Gb/s CMOS-Driven VCSEL-Based Optical Links [Invited]

Jonathan E. Proesel, Benjamin G. Lee, Alexander V. Rylyakov, Christian W. Baks, and Clint L. Schow  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 11, pp. B114-B123 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.00B114


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Abstract

We report three 850 nm, vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)-based optical links using 90 nm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) circuits that achieve new records in speed and power efficiency. Two receiver (RX) circuit designs explore the tradeoffs between speed, power, and silicon area. The two RXs are first tested with a simple transmitter (TX), delivering full-link power efficiencies of 1.37 pJ/bit at 15 Gb/s and 3.6 pJ/bit at 25 Gb/s. An improved TX using feed-forward equalization (FFE) and an advanced VCSEL is then introduced. The link using the FFE TX achieves full-link power efficiencies of 1.5, 2.0, and 3.8 pJ/bit at 22.5, 25, and 28.5 Gb/s, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.2380) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sources and detectors
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects

ToC Category:
OFC/NFOEC 2012

History
Original Manuscript: June 13, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 16, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 7, 2012
Published: October 25, 2012

Citation
Jonathan E. Proesel, Benjamin G. Lee, Alexander V. Rylyakov, Christian W. Baks, and Clint L. Schow, "Ultra-Low-Power 10 to 28.5 Gb/s CMOS-Driven VCSEL-Based Optical Links [Invited]," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, B114-B123 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-11-B114


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