OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2012
  • pp: 108–117

A Power Consumption Analysis for IP-Over-WDM Core Network Architectures

Francesco Musumeci, Massimo Tornatore, and Achille Pattavina  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 2, pp. 108-117 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.000108


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (768 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

As Internet traffic is estimated to substantially grow in the near future, one of the most challenging issues will concern the reduction of its power requirement. For the core/transport section of the Internet, various network architectures can be considered, typically multi-layer architectures composed of an optical wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) transport layer under the classical electronic IP layer. Thus, we consider in this paper four architectures: basic IP over WDM with no optical switching, IP over synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) over WDM, and IP over WDM with transparent or translucent switching. Energy efficiency in these architectures is expected to be enabled by optical switching technologies, mainly due to the significant reduction in the number of required optical/electronic/optical conversions. However, since optical signals are subject to relevant physical layer impairments when traversing core network devices, signal regeneration is often required, which has to be accomplished either at the electronic layer by routers/digital cross connects (DXCs) or directly at the optical layer through 3R-regenerators. Therefore, it is important to know which network architecture may provide the highest energy efficiency. In this paper we perform a comprehensive comparison between the four above-mentioned optical core network architectures, by performing energy assessment of the devices used at the transport layer of a telecom network and by developing an integer linear programming formulation for an energy-minimized and impairment-aware design of each of the considered architectures. We find that optical technology can enable power savings up to 60% with respect to classical IP-over-WDM architectures with no optical switching, but the best “optical” architecture is not univocal, and it is influenced by some crucial network parameters (connectivity, geographical extension, etc.).

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(060.4256) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network optimization

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: September 2, 2011
Revised Manuscript: December 10, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 4, 2012
Published: January 26, 2012

Citation
Francesco Musumeci, Massimo Tornatore, and Achille Pattavina, "A Power Consumption Analysis for IP-Over-WDM Core Network Architectures," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 108-117 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-2-108


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Tucker, R. Parthiban, J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. Ayre, and W. Sorin, “Evolution of WDM optical IP networks: a cost and energy perspective,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, pp. 243–252, 2009. [CrossRef]
  2. S. Huang, D. Seshadri, and R. Dutta, “Traffic grooming: a changing role in green optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. (IEEE GLOBECOM 2009), pp. 1–6.
  3. M. Xia, M. Tornatore, Y. Zhang, P. Chowdhury, C. Martel, and B. Mukherjee, “Green provisioning for optical WDM networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Quantum Electron., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 437–445, Mar.–Apr.2011. [CrossRef]
  4. G. Shen and R. S. Tucker, “Energy-minimized design for IP over WDM networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 1, pp. 176–186, 2009. [CrossRef]
  5. E. Yetginer and G. Rouskas, “Power efficient traffic grooming in optical WDM networks,” in Proc. IEEE Global Telecommunications Conf. (IEEE GLOBECOM 2009), pp. 1–6.
  6. L. Chiaraviglio, M. Mellia, and F. Neri, “Reducing power consumption in backbone networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC 2009), pp. 1–6.
  7. F. Idzikowski, S. Orlowski, C. Raack, H. Woesner, and A. Wolisz, “Saving energy in IP-over-WDM networks by switching off line cards in low-demand scenarios,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM 2010), pp. 1–6.
  8. A. Coiro, M. Listanti, A. Valenti, and F. Matera, “Reducing power consumption in wavelength routed networks by selective switch off of optical links,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., vol. 17, pp. 428–436, 2011. [CrossRef]
  9. M. Caria, M. Chamania, and A. Jukan, “Trading IP routing stability for energy efficiency: a case for traffic offloading with optical bypass,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM 2011), pp. 1–6.
  10. A. Autenrieth, A. K. Tilwankar, C. M. Machuca, and J.-P. Elbers, “Power consumption analysis of opaque and transparent optical core networks (Invited),” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE ICTON 2011), pp. 1–5.
  11. B. Puype, W. Vereecken, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Multilayer traffic engineering for energy efficiency,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 21, pp. 127–140, 2011. [CrossRef]
  12. A. Tzanakaki, K. Katrinis, T. Politi, A. Stavdas, M. Pickavet, P. V. Daele, D. Simeonidou, M. J. O’Mahony, S. Aleksić, L. Wosinska, and P. Monti, “Dimensioning the future Pan-European optical network with energy efficiency considerations,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, pp. 272–280, 2011. [CrossRef]
  13. F. Musumeci, F. Vismara, V. Grkovic, M. Tornatore, and A. Pattavina, “On the energy efficiency of optical transport with time driven switching,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Communications (IEEE ICC 2011), pp. 1–6.
  14. F. Idzikowski, “Power consumption of network elements in IP over WDM networks,” Tech. Rep., Telecommunication Networks Group (TKN), TU Berlin, Germany, 2009.
  15. Infinera Digital Line Module Product Data Sheet, 2010 [Online]. Available: http://www.infinera.com/pdfs/dtn/Infinera_DLM_Data_Sheet.pdf.
  16. Cisco CRS-1 Carrier Routing System 16-Slot Line Card Chassis System Description, 2011 [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/routers/crs/crs1/16_slot_lc/system_description/reference/guide/sysdsc_a.html.
  17. Infinera DTN™ Switched WDM System Product Brochure, 2010 [Online]. Available: http://www.infinera.com/pdfs/dtn/Infinera_DTN_Brochure.pdf.
  18. M. Murakami and K. Oda, “Power consumption analysis of optical cross-connect equipment for future large capacity optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Transparent Optical Networks (IEEE ICTON 2009), pp. 1–4.
  19. Cisco 40-Channel Single-Module ROADM Product Data Sheet, Release 9.1 of the Cisco ONS 15454 Multiservice Transport Platform (MSTP), 2010 [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/optical/ps5724/ps2006/data_sheet_c78-578552.html.
  20. R. K. Ahuja, T. L. Magnanti, and J. B. Orlin, Network Flows: Theory, Algorithms and Applications. Prentice Hall, 1993.
  21. M. S. Savasini, P. Monti, M. Tacca, A. Fumagalli, and H. Waldman, “Regenerator placement with guaranteed connectivity in optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM 2007), pp. 1–6Please check the last author name in Ref. [21]..
  22. G. Rizzelli, F. Musumeci, M. Tornatore, G. Maier, and A. Pattavina, “Wavelength-aware translucent network design,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2011, OThAA2.
  23. M. Yannuzzi, M. Quagliotti, G. Maier, E. Marin-Tordera, X. Masip-Bruin, S. Sanchez-Lopez, J. Sole-Pareta, W. Erangoli, and G. Tamiri, “Performance of translucent optical networks under dynamic traffic and uncertain physical-layer information,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Optical Network Design and Modeling (IEEE ONDM 2009), pp. 1–6.
  24. Y. Miyao and H. Saito, “Optimal design and evaluation of survivable WDM transport networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 16, pp. 1190–1198, 1998. [CrossRef]
  25. A. K. Somani, Survivability and Traffic Grooming in WDM Optical Networks. Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited