OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 490–502

PTES: A New Packet Transmission Technique in Bufferless Slotted OPS Networks

Akbar Ghaffarpour Rahbar  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 6, pp. 490-502 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.000490


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1086 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Optical packet contention is the major problem in optical packet switching (OPS) networks. In this paper, a software-based contention reduction scheme is proposed for all-optical multi-fiber slotted OPS networks, called packet transmission based on the scheduling of empty time-slots (PTES), suitable for overlaid star topology used in a metropolitan area with heterogeneous distances. In the scheduling procedure (performed in a distributed manner by each edge node of a star network) within a frame interval, some time-slots are scheduled as empty time-slots and the remaining time-slots are scheduled as non-empty. Then, an edge node must avoid sending its traffic in empty time-slots. Instead, non-empty time-slots can be used for traffic transmission. With respect to this scheduling, the variance of the number of non-empty time-slots that carry traffic from all edge nodes is minimized in the core node at each time-slot, thus reducing the traffic loss. Mathematical formulas are also provided to compute the traffic loss and delay under PTES. Performance evaluation results illustrate that PTES can reduce the number of collision events and traffic loss, especially at light and moderate traffic loads.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4259) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, packet-switched
(060.4263) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, star

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: July 19, 2011
Revised Manuscript: April 4, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 23, 2012
Published: May 21, 2012

Citation
Akbar Ghaffarpour Rahbar, "PTES: A New Packet Transmission Technique in Bufferless Slotted OPS Networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 490-502 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-6-490


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Maier and M. Reisslein, “AWG-based metro WDM networking,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, no. 11, pp. S19–S26, Nov.2004. [CrossRef]
  2. A. G. Rahbar and O. Yang, “CST: a new contention reduction scheme in slotted all-optical packet switched networks,” Perform. Eval., vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 361–375, May2010. [CrossRef]
  3. F. Blouin, A. Lee, and M. Beshai, “Comparison of two optical-core networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 56–65, Jan.2002.
  4. M. Jin and O. W. W. Yang, “APOSN: operation, modeling and performance evaluation,” Comput. Netw., vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1643–1659, Apr.2007. [CrossRef]
  5. H. S. Yang, M. Herzog, M. Maier, and M. Reisslein, “Metro WDM networks: performance comparison of slotted ring and AWG star networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1460–1473, Oct.2004. [CrossRef]
  6. L. Mason, A. Vinokurov, N. Zhao, and D. Plant, “Topological design and dimensioning of agile all-photonic networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 268–287, Feb.2006. [CrossRef]
  7. P. He and G. v. Bochmann, “Inter-area shared segment protection of MPLS flows over agile all-photonic star networks,” in IEEE Globecom, Washington DC, 2007, pp. 2325–2330.
  8. H. Y. Tyan, J. C. Hou, B. Wang, and C. C. Han, “On supporting temporal quality of service in WDMA-based star-coupled optical networks,” IEEE Trans. Comput., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 197–214, 2001. [CrossRef]
  9. G. Bochmann, “Design of an agile all-photonic network,” in Int. Conf. on Network Architectures, Management, and Applications, Wuhan, 2007.
  10. S. A. Paredes, G. Bochmann, and T. J. Hall, “Deploying agile photonic networks over reconfigurable optical networks,” in Proc. IEEE ISCC, Sousse, Tunísia, pp. 182–187.
  11. N. Saberi and M. Coates, “Scheduling in overlaid star all-photonic networks with large propagation delays,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 157–169, 2009. [CrossRef]
  12. K. S. Hamza, H. Elbadawy, and I. Taha, “A novel optical packet switch architecture with reduced wavelength conversion complexity,” in IEEE HONET, Alexandria, 2009, pp. 80–85.
  13. V. S. Shekhawat, D. K. Tyagi, and V. Chaubey, “A novel packet switch node architecture for contention resolution in synchronous optical packet switched networks,” Int. J. Commun., Network Syst. Sci., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 562–568, Sept.2009. [CrossRef]
  14. R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “WDM-based optical packet switch architectures,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 94–105, 2008. [CrossRef]
  15. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and A. Germoni, “Cost evaluation of optical packet switches equipped with limited-range and full-range converters for contention resolution,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 390–407, 2008.
  16. A. Pattavina, “Architectures and performance of optical packet switching nodes for IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1023–1032, Mar.2005. [CrossRef]
  17. O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, A. Shacham, B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, H. Wang, C. P. Lai, A. Biberman, and K. Bergman, “The data vortex optical packet switched interconnection network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 13, pp. 1777–1789, 2008. [CrossRef]
  18. C. Peng, G. Bochmann, and T. J. Hall, “Quick Birkhoff–von Neumann decomposition algorithm for agile all-photonic network cores,” in IEEE ICC, Istanbul, 2006, pp. 2593–2598.
  19. A. G. Rahbar and O. Yang, “Agile bandwidth management techniques in slotted all-optical packet switched networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 387–403, Feb.2010. [CrossRef]
  20. S. A. Paredes and T. J. Hall, “Flexible bandwidth provision and scheduling in a packet switch with an optical core,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 260–270, May2005. [CrossRef]
  21. M. Jin and O. Yang, “A TDM solution for all-photonic overlaid-star networks,” in CISS2006, Princeton, 2006, pp. 1691–1695.
  22. C. Papazoglou, G. Papadimitriou, and A. Pomportsis, “Design alternatives for optical-packet-interconnection network architectures,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 810–825, Nov.2004. [CrossRef]
  23. A. G. Rahbar and O. Yang, “Contention avoidance and resolution schemes in bufferless all-optical packet-switched networks: a survey,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 94–107, Dec.2008. [CrossRef]
  24. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and P. Pacifici, “A comparison study on the number of wavelength converters needed in synchronous and asynchronous all-optical switching architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 340–355, 2003. [CrossRef]
  25. V. Eramo, A. Germoni, C. Raffaelli, and M. Savi, “Multifiber shared-per-wavelength all-optical switching: architectures, control, and performance,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 537–551, Mar.2008. [CrossRef]
  26. V. Eramo, A. Germoni, C. Raffaelli, and M. Savi, “Packet loss analysis of shared-per-wavelength multi-fiber all-optical switch with parallel scheduling,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 202–216, Feb.2009. [CrossRef]
  27. M. Savi, “High-performance switching architectures for optical networks” [Ph.D. thesis], University of Bologna, Italy, 2007.
  28. Y. Li, G. Xiao, and H. Ghafouri Shiraz, “On the benefits of multifiber optical packet switch,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 376–378, Dec.2004. [CrossRef]
  29. S. Yao, S. J. B. Yoo, B. Mukherjee, and S. Dixit, “All-optical packet switching for metropolitan area networks: opportunities and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 142–148, Mar.2001.
  30. T. S. El-Bawab and J. D. Shin, “Optical packet switching in core networks: between vision and reality,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 60–65, Sept.2002. [CrossRef]
  31. A. Rahbar and O. Yang, “Reducing loss rate in slotted optical networks: a lower bound analysis,” in IEEE ICC, Istanbul, Turkey, 2006, pp. 2770–2775.
  32. D. P. Bertsekas and R. G. Gallager, Data Networks. Prentice Hall, 2004.
  33. A. G. Fayoumi, F. A. Al-Zahrani, A. A. Habiballa, and A. P. Jayasumana, “Performance analysis of multi-fiber synchronous photonic share-per-link packet switches,” in IEEE LCN, Sydney, 2005, pp. 182–189.
  34. Transition Networks, “Quality of service (QoS) in high-priority applications,” White Paper, 2003 [Online]. Available: http://www.transition.com/TransitionNetworks/Learning/Whitepaper/Qos.aspx.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited