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Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2012
  • pp: A38–A47

SPRINT: Scalable Photonic Switching Fabric for High-Performance Computing (HPC)

Brian Neel, Randy Morris, Dominic Ditomaso, and Avinash Kodi  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 9, pp. A38-A47 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.000A38


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Abstract

High-performance computing systems and datacenters will interconnect hundreds to thousands of heterogeneous general purpose or specialized cores in the future. As the number of network end-point sockets scales exponentially, the underlying communication fabric must deliver high bandwidth with low power and reduced switching complexity. While high-radix routers enable smaller diameter networks, the penalty is in increased switching complexity and router power. In this paper, we propose SPRINT (scalable photonic reconfigurable interconnect), which can scale to a large number of cores using photonic switching implemented with silicon micro-ring resonators (MRRs). MRRs are low power, high bandwidth photonic switching devices that can be arranged to function similarly to a high-radix router with reduced complexity and power. We will first show the design of a 64 core cluster using optical interconnects and electrical packet switching. To build scalable switching crossconnects, we investigate the design of 256-, 512- and 1024-socket versions of SPRINT connected to function as passive arrayed-waveguide gratings. Our proposed switching crossconnect with single and dual micro-rings minimizes the hop count to 4 for a 1024 core network while reducing the power dissipation, increasing the bandwidth and reducing the switching complexity.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects
(200.4960) Optics in computing : Parallel processing

ToC Category:
Enabling Optical Devices for Scalable Networks

History
Original Manuscript: March 1, 2012
Revised Manuscript: June 22, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 5, 2012
Published: July 30, 2012

Citation
Brian Neel, Randy Morris, Dominic Ditomaso, and Avinash Kodi, "SPRINT: Scalable Photonic Switching Fabric for High-Performance Computing (HPC)," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, A38-A47 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-9-A38

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