OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 4 — Sep. 1, 2009
  • pp: 324–330

Scheme for a High-Capacity 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Transmission System

Jing Li, TiGang Ning, Li Pei, and ChunHui Qi  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 1, Issue 4, pp. 324-330 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (464 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We investigate a scheme for a 60 GHz radio-over-fiber transmission system by using a dual-electrical Mach–Zehnder modulator (De-MZM) and an optical interleaver. Such a system includes the generation of 60 GHz millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signals and the delivery of a remote local oscillator (LO). In the scheme, two lasers with frequency deviation are used as sources, and a De-MZM is biased at the minimum transmission point to realize optical carrier suppression modulation. After fiber transmission, an optical interleaver is used to separate subcarriers. If one laser is modulated with baseband data and the other is not, 60 GHz mm-wave signals with and without modulating data can be generated by using photodiodes, one of which can be used in mm-wave communication and the other can be used as a remote LO. In this work, we theoretically analyze the bit-error-rate performance and power degradation due to the lasers’ phase noise. Our scheme uses only a commercially used De-MZM and optical interleaver; therefore, no sensitive equipment and complicated structure is needed, which guarantees the system has steady performance and a cost-effective architecture.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics

ToC Category:
Regular Papers

Original Manuscript: July 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 31, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: July 31, 2009
Published: August 27, 2009

Jing Li, TiGang Ning, Li Pei, and ChunHui Qi, "Scheme for a High-Capacity 60 GHz Radio-Over-Fiber Transmission System," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 324-330 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. ERO, Detailed Spectrum Investigation—First Phase: 3400 MHz to 105 GHz, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 27–58, March 1993.
  2. T. Ihara, K. Fujimura, “Research and development trends of millimeter-wave short-range application systems,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E79-B, pp. 1741–1753, Dec. 1996.
  3. Y. Takimoto, “Recent activities on millimeter wave indoor LAN system development in Japan,” in Proc. 1995 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp. Dig., May 1995, pp. 405–408.
  4. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, “Optical heterodyne detection technique for densely multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 3167–3179, 2003. [CrossRef]
  5. D. Wake, D. Johansson, D. Moodie, “Passive pico-cell: a new concept in wireless network infrastructure,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, pp. 404–406, 1997. [CrossRef]
  6. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, “Overcoming chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 45, pp. 1410–1415, 1997. [CrossRef]
  7. H. Toda, “Demultiplexing using an arrayed-waveguide grating for frequency-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave radio-on-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 1735–1741, Aug. 2003. [CrossRef]
  8. U. Gliese, T. N. Nielsen, S. Nrskov, K. E. Stubkjaer, “Multifunction fiber-optic microwave links based on remote heterodyne detection,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 46, pp. 458–468, 1998. [CrossRef]
  9. H. Ogawa, D. Polifko, S. Banda, “Millimeter-wave fiber optics systems for personal radio communications,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 40, pp. 2285–2293, Dec. 1992. [CrossRef]
  10. H. Yang, J. Zeng, Y. Zheng, H. D. Jung, B. Huiszoon, J. H. C. van Zantvoort, E. Tangdiongga, A. M. J. Koonen, “Evaluation of effects of MZM nonlinearity on QAM and OFDM signals in RoF transmitter,” in Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, 2008 , pp. 90–93.
  11. L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, X. Gliese, X. Huang, A. J. Seeds, “Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 47, pp. 1257–1264, 1999. [CrossRef]
  12. K. Y. Lau, J. Park, Ultra-high Frequency Linear Fiber Optic Systems, Springer, 2008, pp. 155–166.
  13. C. Yu, Y. Wang, Z. Pan, T. Luo, S. Kumar, B. Zhang, A. E. Willner, “Carrier-suppressed 160 GHz pulse-train generation using a 40 GHz phase modulator with polarization-maintaining fiber,” Opt. Lett., vol. 34, pp. 1657–1659, 2009. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Chen, C.-T. Lin, P. T. Shih, W. Jiang, S.-P. Dai, Y.-M. Lin, P.-C. Peng, S. Chi, “Generation of optical millimeter-wave signals and vector formats using an integrated optical I/Q modulator [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 8, pp. 188–200, 2009. [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Jianjun, J. Zhensheng, L. Yi, Y. Su, C. Gee-Kung, W. Ting, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 265–267, 2006. [CrossRef]
  16. H.-C. Ji, H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, pp. 9–11, 2009. [CrossRef]
  17. A. Stohr, “Full-duplex 60 GHz fiber-optic transmission,” Electron. Lett., vol. 35, 1653–1655, 1999. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited