OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 1, Iss. 5 — Oct. 1, 2009
  • pp: 428–438

Frequency Quadrupler for Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultrawideband Wireless Signals and Distribution Over Fiber Systems

Mohmoud Mohamed, Bouchaib Hraimel, Xiupu Zhang, Meer Nazmus Sakib, and Ke Wu  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 1, Issue 5, pp. 428-438 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.1.000428


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1121 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Performance of millimeter-wave (mm-wave) multiband orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MB-OFDM) ultrawideband (UWB) signal generation using a frequency-quadrupling technique and transmission over fiber is investigated by simulation and experiment, and the error vector magnitude (EVM) is used to evaluate the transmission quality. Frequency hopping within the first three bands of IEEE 802.15.3a has been used in experiments to obtain an MB-OFDM UWB signal. The frequency quadrupling can be achieved by using only one Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) and two cascaded MZMs. It is found that using one MZM is better than using two cascaded MZMs in the performance of mm-wave generation. For using one MZM, it is found that transmission through 20 km of fiber degrades the EVM by less than 0.5 dB compared with back-to-back. Also, the EVM is degraded by less than 1 and 0.25 dB for a bias drift of less than 20% and an extinction ratio of more than 10 dB, respectively. Moreover, the EVM of the system using one MZM is improved by more than 2.5 dB compared with the two cascaded MZMs. In addition, it is found that the minimum EVM required of −17 dB can be achieved by using a local oscillator modulation index of ~63% and 70% at least for using the one MZM and two cascaded MZMs, respectively.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: April 15, 2009
Revised Manuscript: July 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2009
Published: September 18, 2009

Citation
Mohmoud Mohamed, Bouchaib Hraimel, Xiupu Zhang, Meer Nazmus Sakib, and Ke Wu, "Frequency Quadrupler for Millimeter-Wave Multiband OFDM Ultrawideband Wireless Signals and Distribution Over Fiber Systems," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 428-438 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-1-5-428


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. “Multi-band OFDM physical layer proposal for IEEE 802.15 task group 3a,” IEEE 802.15 Working Group for WPAN, March 2004.
  2. M. L. Yee, V. H. Pham, Y. X. Guo, L. C. Ong, and B. Luo, “Performance evaluation of MB-OFDM ultra-wideband signals over single mode fiber,” in Proc. Int. Conf. on Ultra-Wideband (CUWB), pp. 674-677, Sept. 2007.
  3. A. Pizzinat, B. Charbonnier, and M. Moignard, “Analysis of laser induced distortions in ultra wide band MB-OFDM over fiber,” in LEOS Annu. Meeting, pp. 339-340, 2006.
  4. Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Qian, G. Ellinas, and G.-K. Chang, “Experimental demonstration for delivering 1-Gb/s OFDM signals over 80-km SSMF in 40-GHz radio-over-fiber access systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and The Nat. Fiber Optics Engineers Conf., OSA Technical Digest Series (CD), Optical Society of America: Washington, DC, 2008, paper JWA108.
  5. M. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, M. Mohamed, W. Jiang, K. Wu, and D. Shen, “Impact of optical transmission on multiband OFDM ultra-wideband wireless system with fiber distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 4112-4123, Sept. 2009.
  6. “Merged proposal: new PHY layer and enhancement of MAC for mm-wave system proposal,” IEEE 802.15.3c Working Group for WPAN, Nov. 2007.
  7. M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Analysis of frequency quadrupling using a single Mach-Zehnder modulator for millimeter-wave generation and distribution over fiber systems,” Opt. Express , vol. 16, no. 14, pp. 10786-10802, July 2008. [CrossRef]
  8. J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, “A photonic microwave frequency quadrupler using two cascaded intensity modulators with repetitious optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. , vol. 19, no. 14, pp. 1057-1059, July 2007. [CrossRef]
  9. M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Frequency sixupler for millimeter-wave over fiber systems,” Opt. Express , vol. 16, no. 14, pp. 10141-10151, July 2008. [CrossRef]
  10. J. O'Reilly and M. Lane, “Remote delivery of video services using millimeter-wave and optics,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 369-375, Feb. 1994. [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. P. Yao, and B. Cabon, “New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60 GHz wireless applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1277-1282, March 2006. [CrossRef]
  12. M. Mohamed, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, “Efficient photonic generation of millimeter-waves using optical frequency multiplication in radio-over-fiber systems,” in Proc. Microw. Photonics, Oct. 2007, pp. 179-182.
  13. H. Chi and J. Yao, “Frequency quadrupling and upconversion in a radio over fiber link,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 2706-2711, Aug. 2008. [CrossRef]
  14. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. , vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 265-267, Jan. 2006. [CrossRef]
  15. M. Larrode, A. Koonen, J. Vegas, and A. Ng'Oma, “Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. , vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 241-243, Jan. 2006. [CrossRef]
  16. P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, “High-purity millimeter-wave photonic local oscillator generation and delivery,” in Proc. Int. Microwave Photonics Topical Meeting, Sept. 10-12, 2003, pp. 189-192.
  17. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. , vol. 19, no. 19, pp. 1499-1501, Oct. 2007. [CrossRef]
  18. G. Qi, J. P. Yao, J. Seregelyi, C. Bélisle, and S. Paquet, “Generation and distribution of a wide-band continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. , vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 3090-3097, Oct. 2005. [CrossRef]
  19. M. Garcia Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. Vegas Olmos, and E. J. M. Verdurmen, “Microwave signal generation and transmission based on optical frequency multiplication with a polarization interferometer,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 1372-1378, June, 2007. [CrossRef]
  20. ECMA-368, High Rate Ultra Wideband PHY and MAC Standard, ECMA International, Geneva, 2nd ed., Dec. 2007.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited