OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2010
  • pp: 1042–1051

Economics of Time and Wavelength Domain Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks

Theodoros Rokkas, Dimitris Katsianis, Thomas Kamalakis, and Dimitris Varoutas  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 2, Issue 12, pp. 1042-1051 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.2.001042


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (941 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Passive optical networks (PONs) are being widely considered as a means to implement fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) and deliver broadband access to business and home users. However, technical and consequently regulatory and economic complexities arise in light of their deployment. In this paper, an evaluation of the business prospects of time division multiplexed (TDM) and wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) PON architectures for FTTH deployments under different rollout conditions is performed, based on the ECOSYS techno-economic methodology and tool. The importance of various cost components (fiber installation, optoelectronic components, etc.) is discussed. Using sensitivity analysis, the effect of various parameters such as duct availability, cost of civil works, etc. on the prospects of the investment are investigated. These results reveal several important techno-economic aspects that should be considered by telecom operators, regulators, and policy makers towards a successful FTTH deployment strategy.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(060.1155) Fiber optics and optical communications : All-optical networks
(060.4256) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network optimization

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: February 12, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 9, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 15, 2010
Published: November 22, 2010

Citation
Theodoros Rokkas, Dimitris Katsianis, Thomas Kamalakis, and Dimitris Varoutas, "Economics of Time and Wavelength Domain Multiplexed Passive Optical Networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 1042-1051 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-2-12-1042


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Toward terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 3237–3243, Dec. 2003. [CrossRef]
  2. K. B. Song, S. T. Chung, G. Ginis, and J. M. Cioffi, “Dynamic spectrum management for next-generation DSL systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 101–109, Oct. 2002. [CrossRef]
  3. H. Shinohara, “FTTH experiences in Japan,” J. Opt. Netw. , vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 616–623, June 2007. [CrossRef]
  4. Data available from FTTH council: http://www.ftthcouncil.org/.
  5. C.-H. Lee, S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, J.-H. Moon, S.-G. Mun, K.-T. Jeong, J. H. Kim, and B. Kim, “WDM-PON experiences in Korea,” J. Opt. Netw. , vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 451–464, May 2007. [CrossRef]
  6. C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, “Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 24, pp. 4568–4583, Dec. 2006. [CrossRef]
  7. Fiber-to-the-Home: North American Market Update, RVA LLC, Apr. 2010. Available: http://www.ftthcouncil.org/sites/default/files/RVA.FTTH_.Apr10.040712Final.pdf.
  8. L. Kazovsky, W.-T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, and S.-W. Wong, “Next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3428–3442, Nov. 2007. [CrossRef]
  9. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, and K. C. Reichmann, “A view of fiber to the home economics,” IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 42, no. 8, pp. S16–S23, Aug. 2004. [CrossRef]
  10. K. A. Janjua and S. A. Khan, “A comparative economic analysis of different FTTH architectures,” in Proc. WiCom, 2007, pp. 4979–4982.
  11. K. W. Marcus and Z. Francis, “The economics of fiber to the home revisited,” Bell Labs Tech. J. , vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 181–206, July 2003. [CrossRef]
  12. K. Casier, B. Lannoo, J. Van Ooteghem, S. Verbrugge, D. Colle,M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Game-theoretic optimization of a fiber-to-the-home municipality network rollout,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. , vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 30–42, June 2009. [CrossRef]
  13. S. Verbrugge, R. Meersman, K. Casier, D. Colle, J. Vanhaverbeke, J. Van Ooteghem, and P. Demeester, “Issues in techno-economic evaluation of VDSL/FTTH access networks roll-out (invited paper),” in Proc. NOC, 2007, pp. 208–215.
  14. K. Casier, S. Verbrugge, R. Meersman, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Techno-economic evaluations of FTTH roll-out scenarios (invited paper),” in Proc. NOC, 2008, pp. 113–120.
  15. J. Li and G. Shen, “Cost minimization planning for greenfield passive optical networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. , vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 17–29, June 2009. [CrossRef]
  16. “Techno-Economics of integrated communication SYStems and services—ECOSYS.” Available: http://www.celtic-ecosys.org/.
  17. Y. Su, P. Hu, W. Hu, J. Zhang, L. Leng, H. He, X. Tian, and Y. Jin, “A packet-switched waveband-selective PON enabling optical Internetworking among ONUs,” in 31st European Conf. on Optical Communications, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 691–692.
  18. R. E. Wagner, J. R. Igel, R. Whitman, M. D. Vaughn, A. B. Ruffin, and S. Bickham, “Fiber-based broadband-access deployment in the United States,” J. Lightwave Technol. , vol. 24, pp. 4526–4540, Dec. 2006. [CrossRef]
  19. Rec. G.984, Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON), ITU-T, 2003.
  20. IEEE P.802.3ah Ethernet in the First Mile Task Force. Availabe: http://www.ieee802.org/3/ah/.
  21. C. F. Lam, Passive Optical Networks: Principles and Practice. Academic Press, 2007.
  22. J. Zhang, N. Ansari, and Y. Luo, “Next generation PONs: a performance investigation of candidate architectures for next-generation access stage I,” IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 49–57, Aug. 2009. [CrossRef]
  23. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,” J. Opt. Netw. , vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 737–758, Nov. 2005. [CrossRef]
  24. S. Y. Kim, S. B. Jun, Y. Takushima, E. S. Son, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced performance of RSOA-based WDM PON by using Manchester coding,” J. Opt. Netw. , vol. 6, pp. 624–630, 2007. [CrossRef]
  25. C.-H. Lee and S.-G. Mun, “WDM-PON based on wavelength locked Fabry-Perot LDs,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea , vol. 12, pp. 326–336, 2008. [CrossRef]
  26. D. Katsianis, I. Welling, M. Ylonen, D. Varoutas, T. Sphicopoulos, N. Elnegaard, B. Olsen, and L. Budry, “The financial perspective of the mobile networks in Europe,” IEEE Pers. Commun. , vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 58–64, Dec. 2001. [CrossRef]
  27. D. Varoutas, Th. Kamalakis, D. Katsianis, Th. Sphicopoulos, and Th. Monath, “Techno-economic evaluation of optical access and metropolitan area networks: the influence of the status of maturity of the photonics component industry,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communication and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., 2007, pp. 1–3.
  28. T. Monath, N. K. Elnegaard, P. Cadro, D. Katsianis, and D. Varoutas, “Economics of fixed broadband access network strategies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 132–139, Sept. 2003. [CrossRef]
  29. T. Rokkas, D. Katsianis, and D. Varoutas, “Techno-economic evaluation of FTTC/VDSL and FTTH roll-out scenarios: discounted cash flows and real option valuation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. , vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 760–772, Sept. 2010. [CrossRef]
  30. F. J. Velez, “Mobile broadband services: classification, characterization, and deployment scenarios,” IEEE Commun. Mag. , vol. 40, pp. 142–150, Apr. 2002. [CrossRef]
  31. K. Stordahl, K. O. Kalhagen, B. T. Olsen, J. Lydersen, B. Olufsen, and N. Elnegaard, “Traffic forecast models for the transport network,” in Proc. Networks, 2002, p. 6.
  32. http://www.techdirt.com/articles/20061208/124903.shtml.
  33. B. T. Olsen and K. Stordahl, “Models for forecasting cost evolution of components and technologies,” Telektronikk , vol. 4, pp. 138–148, Apr. 2004.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited