OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2010
  • pp: 515–529

Multilayer Traffic Engineering for IP Over WDM Networks Based on Bayesian Decision Theory

Víctor López, José Alberto Hernández, Óscar González de Dios, Juan Fernández Palacios, and Javier Aracil  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 2, Issue 8, pp. 515-529 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (438 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Network operators are migrating their networks to IP over WDM architectures. In such multilayer networks, it is necessary to define mechanisms that efficiently use the resources available from both layers in a coordinated manner. Thanks to the development of the control plane (GMPLS), it is feasible to both set up and tear down lightpaths automatically. Thus the WDM layer can now adapt its configuration to both meet a set of resource constraints and fulfill some predefined quality-of-service (QoS) requirements. To this end, we define a multilayer traffic engineering algorithm that efficiently manages the resources from both layers. This algorithm, which is based on Bayesian decision theory, finds the optimal number of label-switched paths that must be switched over the optical and electronic domains. Such an optimal value is found by trading off the QoS required by the users and the limited availability of network resources.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4251) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, assignment and routing algorithms
(060.4256) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network optimization

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: November 25, 2009
Revised Manuscript: May 26, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 2, 2010
Published: July 13, 2010

Víctor López, José Alberto Hernández, Óscar González de Dios, Juan Fernández Palacios, and Javier Aracil, "Multilayer Traffic Engineering for IP Over WDM Networks Based on Bayesian Decision Theory," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 515-529 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Mannie, ed., “Generalized multi-protocol label switching (GMPLS) architecture,” IETF Network Working Group Request for Comments 3945, Oct. 2004.
  2. K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, W. Imajuku, “GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari router) architecture: an overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 96–101, Mar. 2002. [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. Gabeiras, V. López, J. Aracil, J. P. Fernández Palacios, C. García Argos, O. González de Dios, F. J. Jiménez Chico, J. A. Hernández, “Is multi-layer networking feasible?” Opt. Switching Networking, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 129–140, 2009. [CrossRef]
  4. E. Oki, I. Inoue, K. Shiomoto, “Path computation element (PCE)-based traffic engineering in MPLS and GMPLS networks,” in 2007 IEEE Sarnoff Symp., Princeton, NJ, 2007, pp. 1–5.
  5. H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, B. Mukherjee, “A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 285–299, 2003. [CrossRef]
  6. B. Puype, Q. Yan, S. Colle, D. De Maesschalck, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, “Multi-layer traffic engineering in data-centric optical networks,” presented at the 7th IFIP Working Conf. on Optical Networking Design and Modeling (ONDM 2003), Budapest, Hungary, Feb. 3–5, 2003.
  7. M. Vigoureux, B. Berde, L. Andersson, T. Cinkler, L. Levrau, M. Ondata, D. Colle, J. Fernandez-Palacios, M. Jager, “Multilayer traffic engineering for GMPLS-enabled networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 44–50, 2005. [CrossRef]
  8. V. López, J. A. Hernández, J. Aracil, J. P. Fernández Palacios, Ó. González de Dios, “A Bayesian decision theory approach for the techno-economic analysis of an all-optical router (extended version),” Comput. Netw., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 1916–1926, July 2008. [CrossRef]
  9. V. López, J. A. Hernández, J. Aracil, J. P. Fernández Palacios, Ó. González de Dios, “Performance evaluation of a Bayesian decisor in a multi-hop IP over WDM network scenario,” in Proc. of the 13th Int. Conf. on Optical Network Design and Modeling, Braunschweig, Germany, 2009.
  10. E. Modiano, P. J. Lin, “Traffic grooming in WDM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 124–129, 2001. [CrossRef]
  11. G. Sasaki, O. Gerstel, “Minimal cost WDM/SONET rings that guarantee no blocking,” Opt. Networks Mag., vol. 4, pp. 51–57, Jan. 2000.
  12. O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, G. Sasaki, “Cost-effective traffic grooming in WDM rings,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 618–630, 2000. [CrossRef]
  13. R. Huelsermann, M. Gunkel, C. Meusburger, D. Schupke, “Cost modeling and evaluation of capital expenditures in optical multilayer networks,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 814–833, Sept. 2008. [CrossRef]
  14. M. Ruffini, D. Kilper, D. O’Mahony, L. Doyle, “Cost study of dynamically transparent networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and Expo. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf., San Diego, CA, 2008, paper OMG2.
  15. R. Dutta, A. Kamal, G. Rouskas, Traffic Grooming for Optical Networks: Foundations, Techniques, and Frontiers. New York: Springer, 2008. [CrossRef]
  16. J. Wang, W. Cho, V. R. Vemuri, B. Mukherjee, “Improved approaches for cost-effective traffic grooming in WDM ring networks: ILP formulations and single-hop and multihop connections,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 1645–1653, 2001. [CrossRef]
  17. R. Dutta, G. Rouskas, “Traffic grooming in WDM networks: past and future,” IEEE Network, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 46–56, 2002. [CrossRef]
  18. J. Hu, B. Leida, “Traffic grooming, routing, and wavelength assignment in optical WDM mesh networks,” in INFOCOM 2004. 23rd Annu. Joint Conf. of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, Brookline, MA, 2004, vol. 1, pp. 495–501.
  19. A. Elwalid, D. Mitra, Q. Wang, “Distributed nonlinear integer optimization for data-optical internetworking,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1502–1513, Aug. 2006. [CrossRef]
  20. L. Gouveia, P. Patricio, A. de Sousa, R. Valadas, “MPLS over WDM network design with packet level QoS constraints based on ILP models,” in IEEE INFOCOM 2003. 22nd Annu. Joint Conf. of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, Seattle, WA, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 576–586.
  21. E. Salvadori, R. Battiti, “Quality of service in IP over WDM: considering both service differentiation and transmission quality,” in 2004 IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), Povo, Italy, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 1836–1840.
  22. I. Norros, “On the use of fractional Brownian motion in the theory of connectionless networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 953–962, Aug. 1995. [CrossRef]
  23. K. Papagiannaki, S. Moon, C. Fraleigh, P. Thiran, C. Diot, “Measurement and analysis of single-hop delay on an IP backbone network,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 908–921, Aug. 2003. [CrossRef]
  24. J. A. Hernández, I. W. Phillips, “Weibull mixture model to characterise end-to-end Internet delay at coarse time-scales,” IEE Proc. Commun., vol. 153, no. 2, pp. 295–304, Apr. 2005. [CrossRef]
  25. M. Pioro, D. Medhi, Routing, Flow, and Capacity Design in Communication and Computer Networks, 1st ed. San Francisco, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, 2004.
  26. R. G. Clegg, “Markov-modulated on/off processes for long-range dependent Internet traffic,” arXiv.org, arXiv:0910.0144v1, Oct. 2009.
  27. S. Maesschalck, D. Colle, I. Lievens, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, C. Mauz, M. Jaeger, R. Inkret, B. Mikac, J. Derkacz, “Pan-European optical transport networks: an availability-based comparison,” Photonic Network Commun., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 203–225, 2003. [CrossRef]
  28. V. López, “End-to-end quality of service provisioning in multi-layer and multi-domain networks,” Ph.D. dissertation, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2009.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited