OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2011
  • pp: 860–869

Coherent Wireless Optical Communications With Predetection and Postdetection EGC Over Gamma–Gamma Atmospheric Turbulence Channels

Mingbo Niu, Josh Schlenker, Julian Cheng, Jonathan F. Holzman, and Robert Schober  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 3, Issue 11, pp. 860-869 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.3.000860


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (290 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Wireless optical communication systems with coherent detection are analyzed for Gamma–Gamma distributed turbulence channels. In addition to the shot noise, we consider the impacts of both turbulence amplitude fluctuations and phase fluctuations on the error performance. Error rate analyses of predetection and postdetection equal gain combining (EGC) are carried out. We derive the exact error rate expressions for predetection and postdetection EGC using a characteristic function method. In the case of predetection EGC, we also study the impact of phase noise compensation error on the error rate performance. It is shown that the error rate performance of predetection EGC is sensitive to phase noise compensation errors for both weak and strong turbulence conditions. In order to alleviate the impact of phase noise, postdetection EGC with differential phase-shift keying is introduced and analyzed. In addition, postdetection EGC is compared with predetection EGC in the presence of phase noise compensation errors, and it is found to be an effective alternative to predetection EGC with low complexity implementation.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.1330) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric turbulence
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: April 1, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: October 7, 2011
Published: October 27, 2011

Citation
Mingbo Niu, Josh Schlenker, Julian Cheng, Jonathan F. Holzman, and Robert Schober, "Coherent Wireless Optical Communications With Predetection and Postdetection EGC Over Gamma–Gamma Atmospheric Turbulence Channels," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 860-869 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-3-11-860


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. W. S. Chan, "Free-space optical communications," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4750‒4762 (2006). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Hranilovic, Wireless Optical Communication Systems, Springer, New York, 2004.
  3. L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, and C. Y. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation With Applications, SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, 2001.
  4. H. Willebrand and B. S. Ghuman, Free Space Optics: Enabling Optical Connectivity in Today’s Networks, Sams Publishing, Indianapolis, IN, 2002.
  5. E. J. Lee and V. W. S. Chan, "Part 1: Optical communication over the clear turbulent atmospheric channel using diversity," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1896‒1906 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. S. M. Navidpour, M. Uysal, and M. Kavehrad, "BER performance of free-space optical transmission with spatial diversity," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 6, 2813‒2819 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. T. A. Tsiftsis, H. G. Sandalidis, G. K. Karagiannidis, and M. Uysal, "Optical wireless links with spatial diversity over strong atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 8, 951‒957 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. J. H. Shapiro and R. C. Harney, "Burst-mode atmospheric optical communication," Nat. Telecommunication Conf. (NTC’80), 1980, Houston, TX, pp. 27.5.1‒27.5.7.
  9. J. Li, J. Q. Liu, and D. P. Taylor, "Optical communication using subcarrier PSK intensity modulation through atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 55, 1598‒1606 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Jafar, D. C. O’Brien, C. J. Stevens, and D. J. Edwards, "Evaluation of coverage area for a wide line-of-sight indoor optical free-space communication system employing coherent detection," IET Commun. 2, 18‒26 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Karp, R. Gagliardi, S. E. Moran, and L. B. Stotts, Optical Channels, Plenum, New York, 1988.
  12. K. Kiasaleh, "Performance of coherent DPSK free-space optical communication systems in K-distributed turbulence," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 604‒607 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. E. J. Lee and V. W. S. Chan, "Diversity coherent and incoherent receivers for free-space optical communication in the presence and absence of interference," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 463‒483 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. H. G. Sandalidis, T. A. Tsiftsis, and G. K. Karagiannidis, "Optical wireless communications with heterodyne detection over turbulence channels with pointing errors," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 4440‒4445 (2009). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Belmonte and J. M. Kahn, "Performance of synchronous optical receivers using atmospheric compensation techniques," Opt. Express 16, 14151‒14162 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Belmonte and J. M. Kahn, "Capacity of coherent free-space optical links using atmospheric compensation techniques," Opt. Express 17, 2763‒2773 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Belmonte and J. M. Kahn, "Capacity of coherent free-space optical links using diversity combining techniques," Opt. Express 17, 12601‒12611 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. L. C. Andrews and R. L. Phillips, Laser Beam Propagation Through Random Media, SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, 1998.
  19. X. Zhu and J. M. Kahn, "Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1293‒1300 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. X. Zhu and J. M. Kahn, "Performance bounds for coded free-space optical communications through atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1233‒1239 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. S. G. Wilson, M. Brandt-Pearce, Q. Cao, and M. Baedke, "Free-space optical MIMO transmission with Q-ary PPM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 53, 1402‒1412 (2005). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Uysal, S. M. Navidpour, and J. Li, "Error rate performance of coded free-space optical links over strong turbulence channels," IEEE Commun. Lett. 8, 635‒637 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. R. L. Phillips and L. C. Andrews, "Measured statistics for laser light scattering in atmospheric turbulence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 1440‒1445 (1981). [CrossRef]
  24. M. A. Al-Habash, L. C. Andrews, and R. L. Phillips, "Mathematical model for the irradiance probability density function of a laser beam propagating through turbulent media," Opt. Eng. 40, 1554‒1562 (2001). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Uysal, J. Li, and M. Yu, "Error rate performance analysis of coded free-space optical links over Gamma–Gamma atmospheric turbulence channels," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 5, 1229‒1233 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. T. A. Tsiftsis, "Performance of heterodyne wireless optical communication systems over Gamma–Gamma atmospheric turbulence channels," Electron. Lett. 44, 373‒375 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. E. Bayaki, R. Schober, and R. K. Mallik, "Performance analysis of MIMO free-space optical systems in Gamma–Gamma fading," IEEE Trans. Commun. 57, 3415‒3424 (2009). [CrossRef]
  28. M. Niu, J. Cheng, J. F. Holzman, and L. McPhail, "Performance analysis of coherent free space optical communication systems with K-distributed turbulence," IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC’09), June 2009, Dresden, Germany, pp. 1‒5.
  29. M. Niu, J. Cheng, and J. F. Holzman, "Exact error rate analysis of equal gain and selection diversity for coherent free-space optical systems on strong turbulence channels," Opt. Express 18, 13915‒13926 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. A. Anguita and J. E. Cisternas, "Influence of turbulence strength on temporal correlation of scintillation," Opt. Lett. 36, 1725‒1727 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J. Geng, C. Spiegelberg, and S. Jiang, "Narrow linewidth fiber laser for 100-km optical frequency domain reflectometry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1827‒1829 (2005). [CrossRef]
  32. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optical Communication Systems, 3rd ed., Wiley, New York, 2002.
  33. L. C. Andrews, R. L. Phillips, C. Y. Hopen, and M. A.  Al-Habash, "Theory of optical scintillation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 1417‒1429 (1999). [CrossRef]
  34. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, 1st ed., Wiley-Interscience, 1985.
  35. N. Wang and J. Cheng, "Moment-based estimation for the shape parameters of the Gamma–Gamma atmospheric turbulence model," Opt. Express 18, 12824‒12831 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series, and Products, 6th ed., Academic Press, San Diego, 2000.
  37. N. Letzepis and A. Guillén i Fàbregas, "Outage analysis in MIMO free-space optical channels with pulse-position modulation," Tech. Rep. CUED/FINFENG/TR 597, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Feb. 2008.
  38. G. K. Karagiannidis, T. A. Tsiftsis, and R. K. Mallik, "Bounds of multihop relayed communications in Nakagami-m fading," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 18‒22 (2006). [CrossRef]
  39. M. Niu, J. Cheng, J. F. Holzman, and R. Schober, "Coherent free-space optical transmission with diversity combining for Gamma–Gamma atmospheric turbulence," 25th Biennial Symp. on Communications, May 2010, Kingston, Canada, pp. 217‒220.
  40. J. G. Maneatis, J. Kim, I. McClatchie, J. Maxey, and M. Shankaradas, "Self-biased high-bandwidth low-jitter 1-to-4096 multiplier clock generator PLL," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 38, 1795‒1803 (2003). [CrossRef]
  41. D. Banerjee, PLL Performance, Simulation and Design Handbook, 4th ed., National Semiconductor, 2006.
  42. M. A. Najib and V. K. Prabhu, "Analysis of equal-gain diversity with partially coherent fading signals," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 49, 783‒791 (2000). [CrossRef]
  43. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 2000.
  44. A. J. Viterbi, Principle of Coherent Communication, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1966.
  45. A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, and A. J. Seeds, "High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 328‒342 (1999). [CrossRef]
  46. R. Noe, "Phase noise-tolerant synchronous QPSK/BPSK baseband-type intradyne receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1226‒1233 (2005).
  47. B. A. Khawaja and M. J. Cryan, "Wireless hybrid mode locked lasers for next generation radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2268‒2276 (2010). [CrossRef]
  48. J. Gil-Pelaez, "Note on the inversion theorem," Biometrika 38, 481‒482 (1951).
  49. Q. T. Zhang, "Outage probability in cellular mobile ratio due to Nakagami signal and interferers with arbitrary parameters," IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 45, 364‒372 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited