OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2011
  • pp: 189–198

Cross-Layer Monitoring in Transparent Optical Networks

Yvan Pointurier, Mark Coates, and Michael Rabbat  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 189-198 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.3.000189


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (519 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In transparent optical networks, signals propagate over all-optical lightpaths. The absence of regenerating devices that act in the electrical domain renders end-to-end monitoring difficult. Quality of transmission (QoT) metrics quantify the degradation in quality that a signal experiences as it traverses a lightpath. Hardware monitors that can directly measure QoT are expensive, which motivates the development of monitoring schemes that require fewer monitors but can still generate accurate QoT estimates. In this paper we describe a monitoring scheme that estimates the QoT of multiple lightpaths in a network. Our focus is on estimating bit-error-rates (BERs), but the methodology is also applicable for other metrics. One of the primary innovations in this monitoring framework is the establishment of “active lightpaths”—lightpaths that carry no useful data but are instead used as measurement probes. We describe a method for choosing where to establish the active lightpaths in order to maximize the information gain. We demonstrate with simulations the possibility to trade off the amount of costly hardware monitoring equipment with cheaper, temporary active lightpaths, while still achieving accurate monitoring.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1155) Fiber optics and optical communications : All-optical networks
(060.4256) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network optimization

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: March 24, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 23, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 15, 2010
Published: February 24, 2011

Citation
Yvan Pointurier, Mark Coates, and Michael Rabbat, "Cross-Layer Monitoring in Transparent Optical Networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 189-198 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-3-3-189


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. Mas, I. Tomkos, and O. K. Tonguz, "Failure location algorithm for transparent optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1508‒1519 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. D. C. Kilper, A. Ferguson, B. O. Sullivan, and S. K. Korotky, "Impact of topology and traffic on physical layer monitoring in transparent networks," Proc. OSA/IEEE Optical Fiber Comm. Conf., 2009, Optical Society of America, paper OWI3.
  3. N. Sambo, Y. Pointurier, F. Cugini, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, and I. Tomkos, "Lightpath establishment in distributed transparent dynamic optical networks using network kriging," Proc. European Conf. Optical Comm., 2009, paper 1.5.3.
  4. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 294‒304 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. Network Impairments in Transparent Networks and Definition of Monitoring Strategy, DICONET Deliverable D3.1, 2008, Available: http://www.diconet.eu/documents/DICONET_D.3.1_WP3_20080930_AIT_R.pdf.
  6. S.-T. Ho and L.-K. Chen, "Monitoring of linearly accumulated optical impairments in all-optical networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 125‒141 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. D. B. Chua, E. D. Kolaczyk, and M. Crovella, "Network kriging," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 2263‒2272 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Song, L. Qiu, and Y. Zhang, "NetQuest: a flexible framework for large-scale network measurement," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 17, 106‒119 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Chen, D. Bindel, and R. Katz, "Tomography-based overlay network monitoring," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Internet Meas. Conf., 2003, ACM, pp. 216‒221.
  10. M. Coates, Y. Pointurier, and M. Rabbat, "Compressed network monitoring for IP and all-optical networks," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM Internet Meas. Conf., 2007, ACM, pp. 241‒252.
  11. Y. Pointurier, M. Coates, and M. Rabbat, "Active monitoring of all-optical networks," Proc. Int. Conf. on Transparent Optical Networks, 2008, pp. 169‒172.
  12. Y. Pointurier, M. Brandt-Pearce, T. Deng, and S. Subramaniam, "Fair QoS-aware adaptive Routing and Wavelength Assignment in all-optical networks," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comms., 2006, IEEE, pp. 2433‒2438.
  13. J. D. Downie and D. J. Tebben, "Performance monitoring of optical networks with synchronous and asynchronous sampling," Proc. OSA/IEEE Optical Fiber Comm. Conf., 2001, Optical Society of America, paper WDD50.
  14. F. Cugini, N. Sambo, N. Andriolli, A. Giorgetti, L. Valcarenghi, P. Castoldi, E. Le Rouzic, and J. Poirrier, "Enhancing GMPLS signaling protocol for encompassing quality of transmission (QoT) in all-optical networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3318‒3328 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems, 3rd ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2002.
  16. M. Saunders, PDCO: Primal–Dual Interior Method for Convex Objectives, Available: http://www.stanford.edu/group/SOL/software/pdco.html

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited