OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and V. Chan
  • Vol. 3, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2011
  • pp: 447–457

Scalable Fractional Lambda Switching: A Testbed

Mario Baldi, Michele Corrà, Giorgio Fontana, Guido Marchetto, Yoram Ofek, Danilo Severina, and Olga Zadedyurina  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 3, Issue 5, pp. 447-457 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.3.000447


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (785 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

This paper presents experiments on a testbed based on ultra-scalable switches realized using off-the-shelf optical and electronic components. The scalability of this switching architecture, a direct outcome of the deployment of pipeline forwarding, results—in addition to much lower cost—in the need for a smaller amount of components, and, consequently, lower power dissipation, which is key to a “greening” of the Internet. Although an all-optical architecture is demonstrated, we reached the conclusion that, given the current state of the art, a hybrid electro-optical architecture is the “best-of-breed” switch solution.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: December 15, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 22, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 22, 2011
Published: April 29, 2011

Citation
Mario Baldi, Michele Corrà, Giorgio Fontana, Guido Marchetto, Yoram Ofek, Danilo Severina, and Olga Zadedyurina, "Scalable Fractional Lambda Switching: A Testbed," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, 447-457 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-3-5-447


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Cisco Systems, Inc., "Hyperconnectivity and the approaching zettabyte era," 2June2 June 2010, [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/VNI_Hyperconnectivity_WP.html
  2. I. Vaishnavi, P. Cesar, D. Bulterman, and O. Friedrich, "From IPTV services to shared experiences: challenges in architecture design," IEEE Int. Conf. on Multimedia and Expo (ICME 2010), July 2010, Singapore, pp. 1511‒1516.
  3. M. Gupta and S. Singh, "Greening of the Internet," ACM SIGCOMM 2003, Aug. 2003, Karlsruhe, Germany.
  4. K. Christensen, B. Nordman, and R. Brown, "Power management in networked devices," IEEE Comput. Mag. 37, (8), 91‒93 (2004).
  5. M. Guenach, C. Nuzman, J. Maes, and M. Peeters, "On power optimization in DSL systems," IEEE Int. Workshop on Green Communications (GreenComm) at ICC 2009, June 2009, Dresden, Germany.
  6. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed., Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 2001, ch. 8, 9, 10, 11.
  7. A. Pattavina and R. Zanzottera, "Non-blocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and shared wavelength conversion," IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2006), Apr. 2006, Barcelona, Spain.
  8. C. Qiao and M. Yoo, "Optical Burst Switching (OBS)—a new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, (1), 69‒84 (1999).
  9. H. C. Cankaya, S. Charcranoon, and T. S. El-Bawab, "A preemptive scheduling technique for OBS networks with service differentiation," IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM 2003), Dec. 2003, San Francisco, CA.
  10. T. Tachibana and S. Kasahara, "Burst cluster transmission: service differentiation mechanism for immediate reservation in Optical Burst Switching networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, (5), 46‒55 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. W.-S. Park, M. Shin, H.-W. Lee, and S. Chong, "A joint design of congestion control and burst contention resolution for optical burst switching networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, (17), 3820‒3830 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. T. Orawiwattanakul, Y. Ji, and N. Sonehara, "Fair bandwidth allocation with distance fairness provisioning in optical burst switching networks," IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (GLOBECOM 2010), Dec. 2010, pp. 1‒5.
  13. M. Baldi and Y. Ofek, "Fractional lambda switching—principles of operation and performance issues," SIMULATION: Trans. Soc. Model. Simul. Int. 80, (10), 527‒544 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. V. T. Nguyen, R. Lo Cigno, and Y. Ofek, "Tunable laser-based design and analysis for fractional lambda switches," IEEE Trans. Commun. 56, (6), 957‒967 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, G. Koukouvakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, T. Orphanoudakis, and A. Stavdas, "An optical network architecture with distributed switching inside node clusters features improved loss, efficiency and cost," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, (5), 1138‒1146 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Stavdas, T. G. Orphanoudakis, A. Lord, H. C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Matrakidis, A. Drakos, and J. D. Angelopoulos, "Dynamic CANON: a scalable multi-domain core network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46, (6), 138‒144 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Ramamirtham and J. Turner, "Time sliced optical burst switching," IEEE Int. Conf. on Computer and Communications (INFOCOM 2003), Apr. 2003, pp. 2030‒2038.
  18. C.-S. Li, Y. Ofek, and M. Yung, "Time-driven priority flow control for real-time heterogeneous internetworking," IEEE Int. Conf. on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 1996), Mar. 1996, San Francisco, CA.
  19. C.-S. Li, Y. Ofek, A. Segall, and K. Sohraby, "Pseudo-isochronous cell forwarding," Comput. Netw. ISDN Syst. 30, (24), 2359‒2372 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Ofek, "Generating a fault tolerant global clock using high-speed control signals for the MetaNet architecture," IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, (5), 2179‒2188 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society, "IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems," IEEE Std. 1588 (Revision), July 2008.
  22. W. Gibbs, "Computing at the speed of light," Sci. Am. 291, (5), 80‒87 (2004). [PubMed]
  23. L. Pavesi and D. J. Lockwood, ed., Silicon Photonics, Springer-Verlag, 2004.
  24. L. R. Goke and G. J. Lipovski, "Banyan networks for partitioning multiprocessor systems," ACM Annu. Symp. on Computer Architecture (ISCA 1973), Dec. 1973, New York, NY.
  25. Mindspeed Technologies, Inc., [Online]. Available: http://www.mindspeed.com
  26. E. Masala, A. Vesco, M. Baldi, and J. C. De Martin, "Optimized H.264 video encoding and packetization for video transmission over pipeline forwarding networks," IEEE Trans. Multimedia 11, (5), 972‒985 (2009). [CrossRef]
  27. Tekelec Systemes, [Online]. Available: http://www.tekelec-systemes.com
  28. Opal Kelly, Inc., [Online]. Available: http://www.opalkelly.com
  29. M. Baldi, G. Marchetto, G. Galante, F. Risso, R. Scopigno, and F. Stirano, "Time driven priority router implementation and first experiments," IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC 2006), June 2006, Istanbul, Turkey.
  30. T.-H. Truong, M. Baldi, and Y. Ofek, "Efficient scheduling for heterogeneous fractional lambda switching (FλS) networks," IEEE Int. Conf. on Global Communications (IEEE GLOBECOM 2007), Nov. 2007, Washington, DC.
  31. Symmetricom, Inc., [Online]. Available: http://www.symmttm.com
  32. IEEE 802.3 Working Group, "Part 3: carrier sense multiple access with collision detection (CSMA/CD) access method and physical layer specifications," IEEE Std 802.3 2000 Edition, 2000.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited