OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 790–798

Reliability Evaluation for Distributed PONs With Ring and Tree Topologies

Makoto Tsubokawa  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 10, pp. 790-798 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.000790


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1163 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

This study describes resilient access network structures in time-division multiplexing passive optical networks (TDM-PONs) and wave-division multiplexing (WDM)/ TDM-PONs, and compares their network unavailability versus outage scale. In addition, this study discusses the unavailability for media networks with simple ladder and more realistic ring-to-tree topologies for cases with simplex and full/partial duplex configurations between drop points and central offices. In large-scale networks, the unavailability in duplex networks is drastically improved by 4–5 orders of magnitude compared with that in simplex networks for large outage scales. Cable failure significantly affects the unavailability, especially in feeder sections, whereas failures due to optical fiber or optical add–drop multiplexers are mostly masked by cable failure in WDM/TDM-PONs. Consequently, there is little difference in the unavailability of the two PON schemes, except for the difference due to PON splitters. A comparison of the unavailability for fully and partially duplicated networks shows that the latter with a ring-to-tree topology has the advantage of lower unavailability in large-scale regions. These results imply that a realistic duplication scheme successfully enhances the network reliability regardless of imperfect duplex structure.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4257) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network survivability
(060.4258) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network topology

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: June 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 28, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 28, 2012
Published: September 28, 2012

Citation
Makoto Tsubokawa, "Reliability Evaluation for Distributed PONs With Ring and Tree Topologies," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 790-798 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-10-790


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. “197 million FTTH/B in 2015” [Online]. Available: http://www.idate.org/en/News/FTTx-around-the-world_679.html.
  2. I. Kaminov and T. Li, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB. Academic Press, 2002, ch. 10, pp. 472–474.
  3. ITU-T Rec. G.983.1, Broadband optical access systems based on passive optical networks (PON), 1998.
  4. C. F. Lam, Passive Optical Networks: Principle and Practice. Academic Press, 2007, Ch. 6.
  5. D. J. Xu, W. Yen, and E. Ho, “Proposal of a new protection mechanism for ATM PON interface,” in IEEE ICC, Helsinki, 2001, pp. 2160–2165.
  6. X. Sun, C. Chan, and L. Chen, “A survivable WDM-PON architecture with centralized alternate-path protection switching for traffic restoration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, pp. 631–633, 2006. [CrossRef]
  7. D. Garcia, I. Artundo, and B. Ortega, “On the conditions that justify requiring dynamic reconfigurability in WDM-TDMA optical access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, pp. 259–271, 2011. [CrossRef]
  8. H. Nakamura, H. Suzuki, J. Kani, and K. Iwatsuki, “Reliable wide-area wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network accommodating gigabit Ethernet and 10-Gb Ethernet services,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 24, pp. 2045–2051, 2006. [CrossRef]
  9. J. Lee, K. Choi, and C. Lee, “A remotely reconfigurable remote node for next-generation access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 20, pp. 915–917, 2008. [CrossRef]
  10. A. Hunang, S. Liu, L. Xie, Z. Chen, and B. Mukherjee, “Self-healing optical access networks (SHOAN) operated by optical switching technologies,” IEEE Trans. Netw. Serv. Manage., vol. 8, pp. 234–244, 2011. [CrossRef]
  11. M. Tsubokawa, N. Honda, and Y. Azuma, “Resilient FTTH architecture with ladder and grid network structures,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 3, pp. 839–849, 2011. [CrossRef]
  12. J. Chen, L. Wosinska, C. Machuca, and M. Jaeger, “Cost vs. reliability performance study of fiber access network architecture,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 48, pp. 56–65, Feb.2010. [CrossRef]
  13. J. Chen and L. Wosinska, “Analysis of protection schemes in PON compatible with smooth migration from TDM-PON to hybrid WDM/TDM-PON,” J. Opt. Netw., vol. 6, pp. 514–526, 2007. [CrossRef]
  14. S. Nojo and H. Watanabe, “Reliability specification for communication networks based on failure-influence,” IEEE GLOBECOM, pp. 1135–1139, 1987.
  15. Y. Funakoshi, H. Watanabe, and H. Yoshino, “A simple estimation method of network reliability with failure scale,” (in Japanese), IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. J88-B, pp. 1444–1453, 2005.
  16. J. Yin, “K-terminal reliability in ring networks,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 43, pp. 389–401, 1994. [CrossRef]
  17. H. Dao and C. Silio, “Ring-network with a constrained number of consecutively-bypassed stations,” IEEE Trans. Reliab., vol. 47, pp. 35–43, 1998. [CrossRef]
  18. I. Rados, T. Sunaric, and P. Turalija, “Availability comparison of different protection mechanisms in SDH ring network,” in TCSET, Feb. 18–23, 2002, pp. 287–290.
  19. M. Tsubokawa, N. Honda, and Y. Azuma, “Reliability and scalability of access networks with ladder structure,” in OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, 2012, NM2K.5.
  20. J. Kawataka, K. Hogari, H. Iwata, H. Hakozaki, M. Kanayama, H. Yamamoto, T. Aihara, and K. Sato, “Novel optical fiber cable for feeder and distribution section in access network,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, pp. 789–796, 2003. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited