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Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2012
  • pp: B151–B160

Resilient Optically Connected Memory Systems Using Dynamic Bit-Steering [Invited]

Daniel Brunina, Caroline P. Lai, Dawei Liu, Ajay S. Garg, and Keren Bergman  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 11, pp. B151-B160 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.00B151


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Abstract

Resilience is becoming an increasingly critical performance requirement for future large-scale computing systems. In data center and high-performance computing systems with many thousands of nodes, errors in main memory can be a significant source of failures. As a result, large-scale memory systems must employ advanced error detection and correction techniques to mitigate failures. Memory devices are primarily designed for density, optimizing memory capacity and throughput, rather than resilience. A strict focus on memory performance instead of resilience risks undermining the overall stability of next-generation computers. In this work, we leverage an optically connected memory system to optimize both memory performance and resilience. A multicast-capable optical interconnection network replaces the traditional electronic bus between a processor and its main memory, allowing for a novel error-correction technique based on dynamic bit-steering. As compared to an electronically connected approach, we demonstrate significantly higher memory bandwidths and reduced latencies, in addition to a 700 × improvement in resilience.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(200.0200) Optics in computing : Optics in computing
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects

ToC Category:
OFC/NFOEC 2012

History
Original Manuscript: June 1, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 26, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 28, 2012
Published: October 30, 2012

Citation
Daniel Brunina, Caroline P. Lai, Dawei Liu, Ajay S. Garg, and Keren Bergman, "Resilient Optically Connected Memory Systems Using Dynamic Bit-Steering [Invited]," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, B151-B160 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-11-B151

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