OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2012
  • pp: 326–335

RF Transport Over Optical Fiber in Urban Wireless Infrastructures [Invited]

Kam Y. Lau  »View Author Affiliations

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 4, pp. 326-335 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (827 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The technology for transport of RF signals over optical fibers at long (metropolitan-scale) distances which enables today’s hybrid fiber/coax networks for community antenna TV and cable modem access is being leveraged for coverage and capacity enhancements in wireless networks providing affordable anywhere/anytime services. This is particularly important in high-traffic urban and in-building arenas where RF propagation is challenging. A hybrid Fiber/Cable (HFCa) approach utilizing legacy urban cabling infrastructures is shown to be highly cost effective, since the installation cost (which often dominates over equipment cost) is greatly reduced or eliminated. Optimum HFCa system architectures are discussed in this paper with Ca = C(Coax) and C5 (Cat-5 unshielded twisted pair cables) for outdoor urban/metropolitan and indoor/in-building arenas, respectively. The general results in this paper apply to both. A quantitative evaluation of capacity gain by traffic trunking in a distributed antenna system is given. All-fiber RF transport for remote radio head systems serving outdoor metropolitan areas is briefly discussed.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2380) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sources and detectors
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

Original Manuscript: September 16, 2011
Revised Manuscript: January 24, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 23, 2012
Published: March 23, 2012

Kam Y. Lau, "RF Transport Over Optical Fiber in Urban Wireless Infrastructures [Invited]," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 326-335 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. F. Lanzani, G. Kardaras, and D. Boppana, “Remote radio heads and evolution towards 4G networks” [Online]. Available: http://www.altera.com/literature/wp/wp-01096-rrh-4g.pdf.
  2. A. M. Saleh, A. J. Rustako, and R. S. Roman, “Distributed antennas for indoor radio communications,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 35, pp. 1245–1251, Dec.1987. [CrossRef]
  3. J. A. Chiddix, “Optical fiber super trunking, the time has come: a performance report on a real world system,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. SAC-4, no. 5, pp. 758–769, Aug.1986. [CrossRef]
  4. T. E. Darcie and G. E. Bodeep, “Lightwave Subcarrier CATV Transmission Systems,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 524–533, 1990. [CrossRef]
  5. W. I. Way, Broadband Hybrid Fiber/Coax Access System Technologies. Academic Press, 1998.
  6. D. M. Fye, “Design of fiber optic antenna remoting links for cellular radio applications,” in 40th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., Orlando, FL, May 1990, pp. 622–625.
  7. T. S. Chu and M. J. Gans, “Fiber optic microcellular radio,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 599–606, 1991. [CrossRef]
  8. W. I. Way, “Optical fiber-based microcellular systems: an overview,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E76B, no. 9, pp. 1091–1102, 1993.
  9. D. M. Cutrer, J. B. Georges, T. H. Le, and K. Y. Lau, “Dynamic range requirements for optical transmitters in fiber-fed microcellular networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 7, no. 5, May1995.
  10. M. Shibutani, T. Kanai, W. Domom, K. Emura, and J. Namiki, “Optical fiber feeder for microcellular mobile communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1118–1126, 1993. [CrossRef]
  11. L. J. Greenstein, N. Amitay, T. S. Chu, L. J. Cimini, G. J. Foschini, M. J. Gans, C. I. Lin, A. J Rustako, R. A. Valenzuela, and G. Vannucci, “Microcells in personal communications systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 76–88, Dec.1992. [CrossRef]
  12. D. Parsons, The Mobile Radio Propagation Channel. Halsted Press, New York, 1992.
  13. A. J. Rustako, N. Amitay, G. J. Owens, and R. S. Roman, “Radio propagation at microwave frequencies for line-of-sight microcellular mobile and personal communications,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 203–210, 1991. [CrossRef]
  14. S. Matsui, H. Takiguchi, H. Hayashi, S. Yamamoto, S. Yano, and T. Hijikata, “Suppression of feedback induced noise in short V-channel substrate inner-stripe lasers with self-oscillations,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 43, pp. 219–221, 1983. [CrossRef]
  15. T. S. Chu, “Intermodulation in CDMA,” in Proc. 5th IEEE Int. Symp. on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 1994, vol. 2, pp. 595–600.
  16. S. Ariyavisitakul, T. E. Darcie, L. J. Greenstein, M. R. Phillips, and N. K. Shankaranarayanan, “Performance of simulcast wireless techniques for personal communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 632–643, May1996. [CrossRef]
  17. K. S. Gilhousen, I. M. Jacobs, R. Padovani, A. J. Viterbi, L. A. Weaver, and C. E. Wheatley III, “On the capacity of a cellular CDMA system,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 40, pp. 303–312, May1991. [CrossRef]
  18. “QAMnet DM series transmitters” [Online]. Available: http://www.oequest.com/cat/1748.
  19. S. Ovadia and K. Y. Lau, “Low-frequency relative intensity noise in self-pulsating ridge-waveguide quantum-well lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 4, pp. 336–339, 1992. [CrossRef]
  20. J. B. Georges, D. M. Cutrer, and K. Y. Lau, “Distribution of radio-frequency signals through low bandwidth infrastructures,” U.S. Patent 5,765,099, June9, 1998.
  21. P. M. Wala, “A new microcell architecture using digital optical transport,” in 43rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf., May 1993, pp. 585–588.
  22. P. A. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Design and analysis of digitized RF-over-fiber links,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 2052–2062, June15, 2009. [CrossRef]
  23. R. G. Vaughan, “The theory of bandpass sampling,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process., vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1973–1984, Sept.1991. [CrossRef]
  24. ABI Research Report, Mobile Worldwide Capex Investments [Online]. Available: http://www.abiresearch.com/press/724-Worldwide+Mobile+CAPEX+to+Exceed+$150+Billion+by+2012.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited