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Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2012
  • pp: 503–513

Energy Implications of Photonic Networks With Speculative Transmission

Philip M. Watts, Simon W. Moore, and Andrew W. Moore  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 6, pp. 503-513 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.000503


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Abstract

Speculative transmission has been proposed to overcome the high latency of setting up end-to-end paths through photonic networks for computer systems. However, speculative transmission has implications for the energy efficiency of the network, in particular, control circuits are more complex and power hungry and failed speculative transmissions must be repeated. Moreover, in future chip multiprocessors (CMPs) with integrated photonic network end points, a large proportion of the additional energy will be dissipated on the CMP. This paper compares the energy characteristics of scheduled and speculative chip-to-chip networks for shared memory computer systems on the scale of a rack. For this comparison, we use a novel speculative control plane which reduces energy consumption by eliminating duplicate packets from the allocation process. In addition, we consider photonic power gating to reduce processor chip energy dissipation and the energy impact of the choice between semiconductor optical amplifier and ring resonator switching technologies. We model photonic network elements using values from the published literature as well as determine the power consumption of the allocator and network adapter circuits, implemented in a commercial low leakage 45 nm CMOS process. The power dissipated on the CMP using speculative networks is shown to be roughly double that of scheduled networks at saturation load and an order of magnitude higher at low loads.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(200.4650) Optics in computing : Optical interconnects

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: December 2, 2011
Revised Manuscript: April 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 1, 2012
Published: May 22, 2012

Virtual Issues
June 26, 2012 Spotlight on Optics

Citation
Philip M. Watts, Simon W. Moore, and Andrew W. Moore, "Energy Implications of Photonic Networks With Speculative Transmission," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 503-513 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-6-503


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