OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 4, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2012
  • pp: A1–A7

Channel Power Excursions From Single-Step Channel Provisioning

Joseph Junio, Daniel C. Kilper, and Vincent W. S. Chan  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 9, pp. A1-A7 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.4.0000A1


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (202 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Steady-state power excursions arising from channel-addition wavelength-switching events are measured as a function of spectral configuration and amplifier settings in an erbium-doped-fiber-amplifier- (EDFA-) based reconfigurable optical add–drop multiplexer network, and they exhibit a maximum excursion of 4.5 dB after four spans of 40 km standard single-mode fiber and 5 EDFAs. A simple model is introduced to explain the power-coupling phenomena responsible for the power excursions. The results show that the maximum excursion is determined by the maximum mean gain difference between the existing and added channels and does not necessarily correspond to the maximum number of channels or input power change.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(060.4265) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, wavelength routing

ToC Category:
Enabling Optical Devices for Scalable Networks

History
Original Manuscript: March 20, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 30, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: June 5, 2012
Published: June 22, 2012

Citation
Joseph Junio, Daniel C. Kilper, and Vincent W. S. Chan, "Channel Power Excursions From Single-Step Channel Provisioning," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, A1-A7 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-4-9-A1


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. V. W. S. Chan, “Optical flow switching networks,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 100, no. 5, pp. 1079–1091, May 2012. [CrossRef]
  2. S. Yoo, W. Xin, L. Garratt, J. Young, G. Ellinas, J. Chiao, M. Rauch, J. Baran, B. Meagher, H. Leblanc, and G.-K. Chang, “Observation of prolonged power transients in a reconfigurable multiwavelength network and their suppression by gain-clamping of optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 1659–1661, Nov.1998. [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Pan, D. Kilper, A. Morea, J. Junio, and V. Chan, “Channel power excursions in GMPLS end-to-end optical restoration with single-step wavelength tuning,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), Feb. 2012, JTh2A.42.
  4. C. Tian and S. Kinoshita, “Analysis and control of transient dynamics of EDFA pumped by 1480- and 980-nm lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 1728–1734, Aug.2003. [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Sun, A. Srivastava, J. Zyskind, J. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, and R. Tkach, “Fast power transients in WDM optical networks with cascaded EDFAs,” Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 313–314, Feb.1997. [CrossRef]
  6. J. Zyskind and A. Srivastava, Optically Amplified WDM Networks. Elsevier, Burlington, MA, 2011.
  7. S. Pachnicke, E. Gottwald, P. Krummrich, and E. Voges, “Combined impact of Raman and EDFA transients on long haul transmission system performance,” in 33rd European Conf. and Exhibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2007, pp. 1–2.
  8. G. Goeger and B. Lankl, “Techniques for suppression of Raman and EDFA gain transients in dynamically switched transparent photonic networks,” in 28th European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), Sept. 2002, vol. 3, pp. 1–2.
  9. J. Sulhoff, A. Srivastava, C. Wolf, Y. Sun, and J. Zyskind, “Spectral-hole burning in erbium-doped silica and fluoride fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 12, pp. 1578–1579, Dec.1997. [CrossRef]
  10. M. Bolshtyansky, N. King, and G. Cowle, “Dynamic behavior of spectral hole burning in EDFA with 980 nm pumping,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2007, OMN2.
  11. M. D. Feuer, D. C. Kilper, and S. L. Woodward, “ROADMs and their system applications,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications V B. Academic Press, Burlington, MA, 2008, ch. 8, pp. 293–343.
  12. C. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical layer impairment aware routing (PLIAR) in WDM optical networks: issues and challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 109–130, 2009. [CrossRef]
  13. S. Azodolmolky, M. Klinkowski, E. Marin, D. Carelgio, J. Solé Pareta, and I. Tomkos, “A survey on physical layer impairments aware routing and wavelength assignment algorithms in optical networks,” Comput. Netw., vol. 53, no. 7, pp. 926–944, 2009. [CrossRef]
  14. P. Myslinski, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effects of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 112–120, Jan.1997. [CrossRef]
  15. W. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 234–250, Feb.1991. [CrossRef]
  16. A. Chraplyvy, “Optical power limits in multi-channel wavelength-division-multiplexed systems due to stimulated Raman scattering,” Electron. Lett., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 58–59, 1984. [CrossRef]
  17. R. Stolen, “Nonlinearity in fiber transmission,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 1232–1236, Oct.1980. [CrossRef]
  18. M. Bolshtyansky, N. King, and G. Cowle, “Dynamic compensation of Raman tilt in a fiber link by EDFA during transient events,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Mar. 2007, JThA15.
  19. L. Qiao and P. Vella, “ASE analysis and correction for EDFA automatic control,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 771–778, Mar.2007. [CrossRef]
  20. D. Kilper, C. White, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Channel power coupling in constant gain controlled amplifiers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), Feb. 2008, JThA14.
  21. S. Chinn, “Simplified modeling of transients in gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1095–1100, June1998. [CrossRef]
  22. D. Kilper, C. White, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Control of channel power instabilities in constant-gain amplified transparent networks using scalable mesh scheduling,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 108–113, Jan.2008. [CrossRef]
  23. C. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Propagation of signal and noise in concatenated erbium-doped fiber optical amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 147–154, Feb.1991. [CrossRef]
  24. V. Mazurczuyk, G. Shaulov, and E. Golovchenko, “Accumulation of gain tilt in WDM amplified systems due to Raman crosstalk,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1573–1575, Nov.2000. [CrossRef]
  25. N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, C. Smith, D. Muller, J. West, K. Koch, and J. Fajardo, “Impact of spectral hole burning and Raman effect in transparent optical networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2003.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited