OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2013
  • pp: 37–47

Optimal Relay Placement and Diversity Analysis of Relay-Assisted Free-Space Optical Communication Systems

Mohammadreza A. Kashani, Majid Safari, and Murat Uysal  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 37-47 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.5.000037


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (559 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Relay-assisted free-space optical (FSO) transmission exploits the fact that atmospheric turbulence fading variance is distance dependent and yields significant performance gains by taking advantage of the resulting shorter hops. In this paper, we investigate how to determine optimal relay locations in serial and parallel FSO relaying so as to minimize the outage probability and quantify performance improvements obtained through optimal relay placement. We further present a diversity gain analysis for serial and parallel FSO relaying schemes and quantify their diversity advantages in terms of the number of relays and channel parameters.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(060.2605) Fiber optics and optical communications : Free-space optical communication

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: May 7, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 19, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 4, 2012
Published: December 14, 2012

Citation
Mohammadreza A. Kashani, Majid Safari, and Murat Uysal, "Optimal Relay Placement and Diversity Analysis of Relay-Assisted Free-Space Optical Communication Systems," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 5, 37-47 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-5-1-37


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Kedar and S. Arnon, “Urban optical wireless communication networks: The main challenges and possible solutions,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 42, pp. S2–S7, May2004. [CrossRef]
  2. S. Arnon, J. R. Barry, G. K. Karagiannidis, R. Schober, and M. Uysal, Eds., Advanced Optical Wireless Communication. Cambridge University Press, 2012.
  3. I. Djordjevic, S. Denic, J. Anguita, B. Vasic, and M. Neifeld, “LDPC-coded MIMO optical communication over the atmospheric turbulence channel,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 26, pp. 478–487, Mar.2008. [CrossRef]
  4. T. Tsiftsis, H. Sandalidis, G. Karagiannidis, and M. Uysal, “Optical wireless links with spatial diversity over strong atmospheric turbulence channels,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 8, pp. 951–957, Feb.2009. [CrossRef]
  5. W. Gappmair and M. Flohberger, “Error performance of coded FSO links in turbulent atmosphere modeled by gamma–gamma distributions,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 8, pp. 2209–2213, May2009. [CrossRef]
  6. J. Anguita, M. Neifeld, B. Hildner, and B. Vasic, “Rateless coding on experimental temporally correlated FSO channels,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 990–1002, Apr.2010. [CrossRef]
  7. N. Chatzidiamantis, M. Uysal, T. Tsiftsis, and G. Karagiannidis, “Iterative near maximum-likelihood sequence detection for MIMO optical wireless systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 28, pp. 1064–1070, Apr.2010. [CrossRef]
  8. H. Moradi, H. Refai, and P. LoPresti, “Circular MIMO FSO nodes with transmit selection and receive generalized selection diversity,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 61, pp. 1174–1181, Mar.2012. [CrossRef]
  9. A. Acampora and S. Krishnamurthy, “A broadband wireless access network based on mesh-connected free-space optical links,” IEEE Pers. Commun., vol. 6, pp. 62–65, Oct.1999. [CrossRef]
  10. J. Akella, M. Yuksel, and S. Kalyanaraman, “Error analysis of multi-hop free-space optical communication,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), May 2005, vol. 3, pp. 1777–1781.
  11. T. Tsiftsis, H. Sandalidis, G. Karagiannidis, and N. Sagias, “Multihop free-space optical communications over strong turbulence channels,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June 2006, vol. 6, pp. 2755–2759.
  12. G. Karagiannidis, T. Tsiftsis, and H. Sandalidis, “Outage probability of relayed free space optical communication systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 17, pp. 994–996, 2006. [CrossRef]
  13. M. Safari and M. Uysal, “Relay-assisted free-space optical communication,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 7, pp. 5441–5449, Nov.2008. [CrossRef]
  14. M. Karimi and M. Nasiri-Kenari, “BER analysis of cooperative systems in free-space optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 27, pp. 5639–5647, Dec.2009. [CrossRef]
  15. M. Karimi and M. Nasiri-Kenari, “Outage analysis of relay-assisted free-space optical communications,” IET Commun., vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 1423–1432, 2010. [CrossRef]
  16. C. Abou-Rjeily and S. Haddad, “Cooperative FSO systems: Performance analysis and optimal power allocation,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 29, pp. 1058–1065, Apr.2011. [CrossRef]
  17. M. Safari, M. Rad, and M. Uysal, “Multi-hop relaying over the atmospheric Poisson channel: Outage analysis and optimization,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 817–829, 2012. [CrossRef]
  18. M. Bhatnagar, “Performance analysis of decode-and-forward relaying in gamma–gamma fading channels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 24, pp. 545–547, Mar.2012. [CrossRef]
  19. L. Andrews, R. Phillips, and C. Hopen, Laser Beam Scintillation With Applications. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2001.
  20. M. Safari and M. Uysal, “Cooperative diversity over log-normal fading channels: Performance analysis and optimization,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 7, pp. 1963–1972, May2008. [CrossRef]
  21. G. Osche, Optical Detection Theory. Wiley, New York, 2002.
  22. E. Lee and V. Chan, “Part 1: Optical communication over the clear turbulent atmospheric channel using diversity,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 22, pp. 1896–1906, Nov.2004. [CrossRef]
  23. J. Strohbehn, “Laser beam propagation in the atmosphere,” in Topics in Applied Physics. Springer, Berlin, 1978.
  24. D. Tse and P. Viswanath, Fundamentals of Wireless Communication. Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  25. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communication. McGraw-Hill, 2001.
  26. R. Horst, P. Pardalos, and N. Van Thoai, Introduction to Global Optimization. Springer, 2000.
  27. D. Goldberg and J. Holland, “Genetic algorithms in search, optimization, and machine learning,” Mach. Learn., vol. 3, no. 2–3, pp. 95–99, Oct.1988. [CrossRef]
  28. L. Khanbary and D. Vidyarthi, “Reliability-based channel allocation using genetic algorithm in mobile computing,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 58, pp. 4248–4256, Oct.2009. [CrossRef]
  29. M. Higgins, R. Green, M. Leeson, and E. Hines, “Multi-user indoor optical wireless communication system channel control using a genetic algorithm,” IET Commun., vol. 5, pp. 937–944, May2011. [CrossRef]
  30. M. Grötschel, L. Lovász, and A. Schrijver, “The ellipsoid method and its consequences in combinatorial optimization,” Combinatorica, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 169–197, 1981. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited