OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2013
  • pp: 1313–1327

Optimized Discrete Multitone Communication Over Polymer Optical Fiber

Linning Peng, Sylvain Haese, and Maryline Hélard  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 5, Issue 11, pp. 1313-1327 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.5.001313


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1945 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we propose an overall optimization of discrete multitone (DMT) transmissions over polymer optical fiber (POF). The optimization is carried out from both a theoretical and experimental approach. At first, the parameters of the POF channel characteristics, resonant cavity light emitting diode (RC-LED) dynamic nonlinearity performance and analog-to-digital converter effective number of bits (ENOB), in our digital storage oscilloscope are measured. From the measured results, we investigate the channel capacity of a 50 m step-index POF system. Then the optimal DMT bandwidth is theoretically derived. We also optimize the system with different experimental setups. The optimal cyclic prefix length and RC-LED optimal working current are given. The ENOB can be improved by oversampling and averaging. The optimal oversampling factor is discussed. Furthermore, a joint DMT clipping and subcarrier number optimization is synthetically investigated. Based on the proposed approaches, an optimized DMT gigabit transmission over a real 50 m POF channel employing low-cost components is presented. Finally, a methodology for the practical design of the DMT transmission over POF is concluded.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.2630) Fiber optics and optical communications : Frequency modulation
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: May 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 6, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 7, 2013
Published: October 31, 2013

Citation
Linning Peng, Sylvain Haese, and Maryline Hélard, "Optimized Discrete Multitone Communication Over Polymer Optical Fiber," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 5, 1313-1327 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-5-11-1313


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. C. M. Okonkwo, E. Tangdiongga, H. Yang, D. Visani, S. Loquai, R. Kruglov, B. Charbonnier, M. Ouzzif, I. Greiss, O. Ziemann, R. Gaudino, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Recent results from the EU POF-PLUS project: Multi-gigabit transmission over 1  mm core diameter plastic optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  29, no. 2, pp. 186–193, Jan. 2011. [CrossRef]
  2. ICT ALPHA Project, http://www.ict-alpha.eu/ .
  3. A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, E. O. Martinez, P. Guignard, and E. Tangdiongga, “Cost optimization of optical in-building networks,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011.
  4. O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook: Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd ed. Springer, 2008.
  5. D. Visani, C. Okonkwo, S. Loquai, H. Yang, Y. Shi, H. P. A. van den Boom, T. Ditewig, G. Tartarini, B. Schmauss, S. C. J. Lee, A. M. J. Koonen, and E. Tangdiongga, “Beyond 1  Gbit/s transmission over 1  mm diameter plastic optical fiber employing DMT for in-home communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  29, no. 4, pp. 622–628, Feb. 2011.
  6. S. Randel, F. Breyer, S. C. J. Lee, and J. W. Walewski, “Advanced modulation schemes for short-range optical communications,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron, vol.  16, no. 5, pp. 1280–1289, Sept.–Oct. 2010.
  7. R. V. Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications. Artech House, 2000.
  8. S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, R. Gaudino, G. Bosco, A. Bluschke, M. Matthews, P. Rietzsch, R. Steglich, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Discrete multitone modulation for maximizing transmission rate in step-index plastic optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  27, no. 11, pp. 1503–1513, June 2009. [CrossRef]
  9. “Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) transceivers,” , July 1999.
  10. S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, O. Ziemann, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Low-cost and robust 1-Gbit/s plastic optical fiber link based on light-emitting diode technology,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2008.
  11. B. Charbonnier, P. Urvoas, M. Ouzzif, J. Le Masson, J. D. Lambkin, M. O’Gorman, and R. Gaudino, “EU project POF-PLUS: Gigabit transmission over 50  m of step-index plastic optical fibre for home networking,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009.
  12. H. Yang, E. Tangdiongga, S. C. J. Lee, C. Okonkwo, H. P. A. van den Boom, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “4.7  Gbit/s transmission over 50  m long 1  mm diameter multi-core plastic optical fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010.
  13. S. Loquai, R. Kruglov, O. Ziemann, J. Vinogradov, and C. A. Bunge, “10  Gbit/s over 25  m plastic optical fiber as a way for extremely low-cost optical interconnection,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010.
  14. S. Loquai, R. Kruglov, C. A. Bunge, O. Ziemann, B. Schmauss, and J. Vinogradov, “10.7-Gb/s discrete multitone transmission over 25-m bend-insensitive multicore polymer optical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett, vol.  22, no. 21, pp. 1604–1606, Nov. 2010. [CrossRef]
  15. H. Yang, E. Tangdiongga, S. C. J. Lee, S. Randel, H. P. A. van den Boom, and A. M. J. Koonen, “4  Gbit/s over 50-m large core diameter GI-POF using low-cost VCSEL,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2009.
  16. D. Visani, C. M. Okonkwo, S. Loquai, H. Yang, Y. Shi, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. H. Ditewig, G. Tartarini, B. Schmauss, S. Randel, A. M. J. Koonen, and E. Tangdiongga, “Record 5.3  Gbit/s transmission over 50  m 1  mm core diameter graded-index plastic optical fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2010.
  17. H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “40-Gb/s transmission over 100  m graded-index plastic optical fiber based on discrete multitone modulation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., 2009.
  18. H. Yang, S. C. J. Lee, E. Tangdiongga, C. Okonkwo, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Breyer, S. Randel, and A. M. J. Koonen, “47.4  Gb/s transmission over 100  m graded-index plastic optical fiber based on rate-adaptive discrete multitone modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  28, no. 4, pp. 352–359, Feb. 2010. [CrossRef]
  19. B. Inan, S. C. J. Lee, S. Randel, I. Neokosmidis, A. M. J. Koonen, and J. W. Walewski, “Impact of LED nonlinearity on discrete multitone modulation,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw, vol.  1, no. 5, pp. 439–451, Oct. 2009. [CrossRef]
  20. I. Neokosmidis, T. Kamalakis, J. W. Walewski, B. Inan, and T. Sphicopoulos, “Impact of nonlinear LED transfer function on discrete multitone modulation: Analytical approach,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  27, no. 22, pp. 4970–4978, Nov. 2009. [CrossRef]
  21. H. Eigalat, R. Mesleht, and H. Haast, “A study of LED nonlinearity effects on optical wireless transmission using OFDM,” in Wireless and Optical Communications Networks, 2009.
  22. J. M. Tang and K. A. Shore, “Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  25, no. 3, pp. 787–798, Mar. 2007. [CrossRef]
  23. B. Mao, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, M. Chen, L. N. Binh, and N. Yang, “Impacts of ENOB on the performance of 112  Gbps PDMQPSK digital coherent receiver,” in European Conf. on Optical Communication, 2011.
  24. T. Jiang and Y. Wu, “An overview: Peak-to-average power ratio reduction techniques for OFDM signals,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast Telev. Receivers, vol.  54, no. 2, pp. 257–268, June 2008.
  25. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  27, no. 3, pp. 189–204, Feb. 2009. [CrossRef]
  26. C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and P. A. Milder, “Theoretical and experimental evaluation of clipping and quantization noise for optical OFDM,” Opt. Express, vol.  19, no. 18, pp. 17713–17728, Aug. 2011. [CrossRef]
  27. H. Ochiai and H. Imai, “Performance analysis of deliberately clipped OFDM signals,” IEEE Trans. Commun, vol.  50, no. 1, pp. 89–101, Jan. 2002. [CrossRef]
  28. D. J. G. Mestdagh, P. Spruyt, and B. Biran, “Analysis of clipping effect in DMT-based ADSL systems,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 1994.
  29. B. Cardiff, M. F. Flanagan, F. Smyth, L. P. Barry, and A. D. Fagan, “On bit and power loading for OFDM over SI-POF,” J. Lightwave Technol, vol.  29, no. 10, pp. 1547–1554, May 2011. [CrossRef]
  30. R. Mesleh, H. Elgala, and H. Haas, “LED nonlinearity mitigation techniques in optical wireless OFDM communication systems,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw, vol.  4, no. 11, pp. 865–875, Nov. 2012. [CrossRef]
  31. H. Elgala, R. Mesleh, and H. Hass, “Predistortion in optical wireless transmission using OFDM,” in Int. Conf. on Hybrid Intelligent Systems, 2009.
  32. C. R. Berger, Y. Benlachtar, and R. I. Killey, “Optimum clipping for optical OFDM with limited resolution DAC/ADC,” in Signal Processing in Photonics Communications (SPPCom), 2011.
  33. D. Dardari, “Joint clip and quantization effects characterization in OFDM receivers,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst., vol.  53, no. 8, pp. 1741–1748, Aug. 2006.
  34. W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications. Academic, 2009.
  35. FC1000D-120, Firecomms datasheet [Online]. Available: www.firecomms.com .
  36. J. Campello, “Practical bit loading for DMT,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 1999.
  37. H. E. Levin, “A complete and optimal data allocation method for practical discrete multitone systems,” in Global Communications Conf., 2001.
  38. P. S. Chow, J. M. Cioffi, and J. A. C. Bingham, “A practical discrete multitone transceiver loading algorithm for data transmission over spectrally shaped channels,” IEEE Trans. Commun, vol.  43, no. 2/3/4, pp. 773–775, Feb./Mar./Apr. 1995. [CrossRef]
  39. T. P. Lee, “The nonlinearity of double-hetero structure LED’s for optical communications,” Proc. IEEE, vol.  65, no. 9, pp. 1408–1410, 1977. [CrossRef]
  40. Y. Wang, A. Hohn, K. Schwemmer, and J. Speidel, “Investigation and simulation of high speed gigabit transmission for POF based MOST networks,” Elektronik Automotive, Apr. 2011 [Online]. Available: http://www.mostforum.com/static/2011/webinar/papers/MOST-Forum-2011-conference-5-Alpine-Uni-Stuttgart.pdf .
  41. M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions With Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables. New York: Dover, 1965, ch. 7, p. 297.
  42. B. P. Lathi, Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 3rd ed. Oxford University, 1998.
  43. A. Leke and J. M. Cioffi, “Maximum rate loading algorithm for discrete multitone modulation,” in Global Communications Conf., 1997.
  44. W. Yu and J. M. Cioffi, “On constant power water-filling,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 2001.
  45. Spectrum, “Measuring of dynamic figures: SNR, THD, SFDR,” [Online]. Available: www.spec.de .
  46. E. H. Chen and C. K. K. Yang, “ADC-based serial I/O receivers,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst., vol.  57, no. 9, pp. 2248–2258, Sept. 2010.
  47. Silicon Labs, “Improving ADC resolution by oversampling and averaging,” [Online]. Available: www.silabs.com .
  48. L. Peng, M. Hélard, and S. Haese, “Optimization of multi-band DFT-spread DMT system for polymer optical fiber communications,” in Int. Conf. on Communications, 2013.
  49. J. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed. McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, 2007.
  50. L. Peng, S. Haese, and M. Hélard, “Optimum configuration for discrete multi-tone transmission over polymer optical fiber,” in Int. Conf. on Telecommunications, 2012.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited