OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: K. Bergman and O. Gerstel
  • Vol. 6, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2014
  • pp: 8–17

Experimental Full Duplex Simultaneous Transmission of LTE Over a DWDM Directly Modulated RoF System

Thavamaran Kanesan, Wai Pang Ng, Zabih Ghassemlooy, and Chao Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 6, Issue 1, pp. 8-17 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.6.000008


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1155 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate the seamless integration of full duplex system frequency division duplex (FDD) long-term evolution (LTE) technology with radio over fiber (RoF) for eNodeB (eNB) coverage extension. LTE is composed of quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK), 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) and 64-QAM, modulated onto orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) and single-carrier-frequency division multiplexing for downlink (DL) and uplink (UL) transmissions, respectively. The RoF system is composed of dedicated directly modulated lasers for DL and UL with dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) for instantaneous connections and for Rayleigh backscattering and nonlinear interference mitigation. DL and UL signals have varying carrier frequencies and are categorized as broad frequency spacing (BFS), intermediate frequency spacing (IFS), and narrow frequency spacing (NFS). The adjacent channel leakage ratio (ACLR) for DL and UL with 64-QAM are similar for all frequency spacings while cross talk is observed for NFS. For the best case scenario for DL and UL transmissions we achieve error vector magnitude (EVM) values of 2.30%, 2.33%, and 2.39% for QPSK, 16-QAM, and 64-QAM, respectively, while for the worst case scenario with a NFS EVM is increased by 0.40% for all schemes.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: April 30, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 9, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 11, 2013
Published: December 10, 2013

Citation
Thavamaran Kanesan, Wai Pang Ng, Zabih Ghassemlooy, and Chao Lu, "Experimental Full Duplex Simultaneous Transmission of LTE Over a DWDM Directly Modulated RoF System," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6, 8-17 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-6-1-8


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. Wirth, L. Thiele, T. Haustein, O. Braz, and J. Stefanik, “LTE amplify and forward relaying for indoor coverage extension,” in IEEE 72nd Vehicular Technology Conf. Fall (VTC 2010-Fall), 2010, pp. 1–5.
  2. 3GPP, “3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group radio access network; evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA) and evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN),” , 2011.
  3. T. Wirth, V. Venkatkumar, T. Haustein, E. Schulz, and R. Halfmann, “LTE-advanced relaying for outdoor range extension,” in IEEE 70th Vehicular Technology Conf. Fall (VTC 2009-Fall), 2009, pp. 1–4.
  4. A. Nagate, K. Hoshino, M. Mikami, and T. Fujii, “A field trial of multi-cell cooperative transmission over LTE system,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2011, pp. 1–5.
  5. T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and J. Perez, “Optimization of optical modulator for LTE RoF in nonlinear fiber propagation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  24, pp. 617–619, 2012. [CrossRef]
  6. W. P. Ng, T. Kanesan, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Theoretical and experimental optimum system design for LTE-RoF over varying transmission span and identification of system nonlinear limit,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  4, pp. 1560–1571, 2012. [CrossRef]
  7. R. Letian, S. E. Elayoubi, and O. B. Haddada, “Impact of relays on LTE-advanced performance,” in IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), 2010, pp. 1–6.
  8. P.-T. Shih, A. Ng’oma, C.-T. Lin, F. Annunziata, J. Chen, J. George, M. Sauer, and S. Chi, “2×21  Gbps symmetrical full-duplex transmission of OFDM wireless signals over a bidirectional IMDD radio-over-fiber system at 60  GHz,” in 36th European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, pp. 1–3.
  9. M. Milosavljevic, M. P. Thakur, P. Kourtessis, J. E. Mitchell, and J. M. Senior, “Demonstration of wireless backhauling over long-reach PONs,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  30, pp. 811–817, 2012. [CrossRef]
  10. H.-C. Ji, K. Hoon, and C. C. Yun, “Full-duplex radio-over-fiber system using phase-modulated downlink and intensity-modulated uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  21, pp. 9–11, 2009. [CrossRef]
  11. H.-J. Kim and J.-I. Song, “Full-duplex WDM-based RoF system using all-optical SSB frequency upconversion and wavelength re-use techniques,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol.  58, pp. 3175–3180, 2010. [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  19, pp. 1499–1501, 2007. [CrossRef]
  13. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, “Multifunctional WDM optical interface for millimeter-wave fiber-radio antenna base station,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  23, pp. 1210–1218, 2005. [CrossRef]
  14. J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express, vol.  18, pp. 9791–9808, 2010. [CrossRef]
  15. C. Arellano, K. D. Langer, and J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  27, pp. 12–18, 2009. [CrossRef]
  16. A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  20, pp. 2081–2083, 2008. [CrossRef]
  17. P. J. Winzer, F. Fidler, M. J. Matthews, L. E. Nelson, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, M. Winter, and D. Castagnozzi, “Electronic equalization and FEC enable bidirectional CWDM capacities of 9.6  Tb/s-km,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC), 2004, vol. 2, p. 3.
  18. J. Prat, V. Polo, C. Bock, C. Arellano, and J. J. V. Olmos, “Full-duplex single fiber transmission using FSK downstream and IM remote upstream modulations for fiber-to-the-home,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  17, pp. 702–704, 2005. [CrossRef]
  19. I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, J. A. L. Villa, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Prat, “Design characteristics for a full-duplex IM/IM bidirectional transmission at 10  Gb/s using low bandwidth RSOA,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  28, pp. 1094–1101, 2010. [CrossRef]
  20. G. L. Li and P. K. L. Yu, “Optical intensity modulators for digital and analog applications,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  21, pp. 2010–2030, 2003. [CrossRef]
  21. T. Kanesan, W. P. Ng, Z. Ghassemlooy, and C. Lu, “Impact of optical modulators in LTE RoF system with nonlinear compensator for enhanced power budget,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. and the Nat. Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC), 2013, pp. 1–3.
  22. 3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); physical channels and modulation,” , 2011.
  23. 3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); user equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception,” , 2011.
  24. X. Zheng, X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, Y. H. Hong, and J. M. Tang, “Negative power penalties of optical OFDM signal transmissions in directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD systems incorporating negative dispersion fibers,” IEEE Photon. J., vol.  2, pp. 532–542, 2010. [CrossRef]
  25. F. Ramos, J. Marti, V. Polo, and J. M. Fuster, “On the use of fiber-induced self-phase modulation to reduce chromatic dispersion effects in microwave/millimeter-wave optical systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  10, pp. 1473–1475, 1998. [CrossRef]
  26. R. Negi and J. Cioffi, “Pilot tone selection for channel estimation in a mobile OFDM system,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron., vol.  44, pp. 1122–1128, 1998. [CrossRef]
  27. X. Zheng, J. L. Wei, and J. M. Tang, “Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM modems using subcarrier modulation over SMF IMDD links for access and metropolitan area networks,” Opt. Express, vol.  16, pp. 20427–20440, 2008. [CrossRef]
  28. 3GPP, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); base station (BS) radio transmission and reception,” , 2010.
  29. C. Masse, “A 2.4  GHz direct conversion transmitter for Wimax applications,” in IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits (RFIC) Symp., 2006.
  30. L. Zhansheng, M. Sadeghi, G. de Valicourt, R. Brenot, and M. Violas, “Experimental validation of a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier model used as a modulator in radio over fiber systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  23, pp. 576–578, 2011. [CrossRef]
  31. D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, and J. P. Vilcot, “Optically powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  26, pp. 2484–2491, 2008. [CrossRef]
  32. R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  24, pp. 61–63, 2012. [CrossRef]
  33. 3GPP, “LTE; evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); FDD repeater radio transmission and reception,” , 2011.
  34. R. Bouziane, R. Koutsoyannis, P. Milder, Y. Benlachtar, J. C. Hoe, M. Glick, and R. I. Killey, “Optimizing FFT precision in optical OFDM transceivers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol.  23, pp. 1550–1552, 2011. [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited