OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editors: O. Gerstel and P. Iannone
  • Vol. 6, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2014
  • pp: 695–704

QoS Enhancement of Live IPTV Using an Extended Real-Time Streaming Protocol in Ethernet Passive Optical Networks

I-Shyan Hwang, AliAkbar Nikoukar, Ku-Chieh Chen, Andrew Tanny Liem, and Ching-Hu Lu  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Communications and Networking, Vol. 6, Issue 8, pp. 695-704 (2014)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOCN.6.000695


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1062 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Internet protocol TV (IPTV) is one of the most important multimedia applications for next-generation networks. IPTV provides triple-play services that require high-speed access networks with the functions of multicasting and quality of service (QoS) guarantees. Among access networks, Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) are regarded as among the best solutions to meet higher bandwidth demands. In this paper, we propose a new architecture for multicasting live IPTV traffic in EPONs. The proposed mechanism involves assigning a unique logical link identifier to each IPTV channel. To manage multicasting, a table in the optical line terminal (OLT) and in each optical network unit (ONU) is constructed. These tables are maintained in the reconciliation sublayer to deliver the IPTV traffic. We extend the message passing of the original real-time streaming protocol (RTSP), called the extended RTSP (ERTSP), to handle the IPTV requests. A mechanism is proposed to handle the IPTV requests as intra traffic in the ONU without sending the request to the OLT. Handling the live IPTV channel as intra traffic can save bandwidth in the feeder fiber and increase the system throughput. Simulation results show that our proposed architecture can improve the system performance and QoS metrics in terms of packet delay, jitter, system throughput, and packet loss.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(060.4255) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, multicast

ToC Category:
Research Papers

History
Original Manuscript: August 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: April 20, 2014
Manuscript Accepted: June 11, 2014
Published: July 23, 2014

Citation
I-Shyan Hwang, AliAkbar Nikoukar, Ku-Chieh Chen, Andrew Tanny Liem, and Ching-Hu Lu, "QoS Enhancement of Live IPTV Using an Extended Real-Time Streaming Protocol in Ethernet Passive Optical Networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 6, 695-704 (2014)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jocn-6-8-695


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Xiao, X. Du, J. Zhang, F. Hu, and S. Guizani, “Internet protocol television (IPTV): The killer application for the next-generation Internet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  45, no. 11, pp. 126–134, Nov. 2007. [CrossRef]
  2. “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2013–2018,” Cisco White Paper, 2014 [Online]. Available: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360.pdf .
  3. K. Ahmad and A. C. Begen, “IPTV and video networks in the 2015 timeframe: The evolution to medianets,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  47, no. 12, pp. 68–74, Dec. 2009. [CrossRef]
  4. O. Friedrich, D. Thatmann, and S. Arbanowski, “An IPTV service state API for converging managed and unmanaged IPTV infrastructures,” in Int. Conf. Multimedia and Expo, July 2010, pp. 1493–1498.
  5. http://www.networks2008.org/data/upload/file/Tutorial/T6_Chaudhuri.pdf .
  6. R. Doverspike, G. Li, K. N. Oikonomou, K. K. Ramakrishnan, R. K. Sinha, D. Wang, and C. Chase, “Designing a reliable IPTV network,” IEEE Internet Comput., vol.  13, no. 3, pp. 15–22, May–June 2009. [CrossRef]
  7. S. Meng, L. Liu, and J. Yin, “A collaborative and scalable platform for on-demand IPTV services,” IEEE Trans. Serv. Comput., vol.  6, no. 3, pp. 358–372, 2013. [CrossRef]
  8. http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.3av-2009.pdf .
  9. J. Y. Lee, I. S. Hwang, A. Nikoukar, and A. T. Liem, “Comprehensive performance assessment of bipartition upstream bandwidth assignment schemes in GPON,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 11, pp. 1285–1295, Nov. 2013. [CrossRef]
  10. I. S. Hwang and A. T. Liem, “A hybrid scalable peer-to-peer IP-based multimedia services architecture in Ethernet passive optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol., vol.  31, no. 2, pp. 213–222, Jan. 2013. [CrossRef]
  11. H. T. Lin, C. L. Lai, and C. L. Liu, “Design and analysis of a frame-oriented dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme for triple-play services over EPONs,” Comput. Netw., vol.  64, pp. 339–352, May 2014. [CrossRef]
  12. I. S. Hwang, A. T. Liem, A. Nikoukar, and K. C. Chen, “A new mechanism to improve bandwidth utilization and QoS of IPTV in Ethernet passive optical network,” in Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symp. Proc. (PIERS), Mar. 2013, pp. 563–566.
  13. C. C. Sue, C. Y. Hsu, Y. S. Su, and Y. Y. Shieh, “A new IPTV channel zapping scheme for EPON,” in First Int. Conf. on Ubiquitous and Future Networks, June 2009, pp. 131–136.
  14. H. Ikeda, J. Sugawa, Y. Ashi, and K. Sakamoto, “High-definition IPTV broadcasting architecture over gigabit-capable passive optical network,” in Global Telecommunications Conf., Nov. 2007, pp. 2242–2246.
  15. B. J. Hwang, I. S. Hwang, and W. R. Chen, “Adaptive radio resource management for interactive user-centric IPTV services in mobile WiMAX networks,” Inf. Sci. (N.Y.), vol.  181, no. 18, pp. 4024–4040, Sept. 2011. [CrossRef]
  16. “IEEE Standard for Local, and Metropolitan Area Networks: Media Access Control (MAC) Bridges,” , June 2004 [Online]. Available: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=9155 .
  17. H. Schulzrinne, S. Casner, R. Frederick, and V. Jacobson, “RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications,” , July 2003 [Online]. Available: http://tools.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3550.txt .
  18. L. B. Yuste and H. Melvin, “A protocol review for IPTV and WebTV multimedia delivery systems,” Commun.: Sci. Lett. Univ. Zilina, vol.  14, no. 2, pp. 33–41, 2012.
  19. S. Park and C. S. Hong, “RTSP-based adaptive sending control for IPTV service in heterogeneous networks and experimental implementation,” IEICE Trans. Commun., vol.  E96-B, no. 3, pp. 905–909, Mar 2013. [CrossRef]
  20. R. A. S. Cruz, M. Serafim Nunes, L. Menezes, and J. Domingues, “IPTV architecture for an IMS environment with dynamic QoS adaptation,” Multimedia Tools Applications, vol.  53, no. 3, pp. 557–589, July 2011.
  21. I. S. Hwang, A. Nikoukar, C. H. Teng, and K. R. Lai, “Scalable architecture for VOD service enhancement based on a cache scheme in an Ethernet passive optical network,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol.  5, no. 4, pp. 271–282, Apr. 2013. [CrossRef]
  22. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and A. Maislos, “Ethernet passive optical networks,” in IP Over WDM: Building the Next Generation Optical Internet, S. Dixit, Ed. Wiley, 2003, pp. 229–275.
  23. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, and D. G. Pesavento, “IPACT a dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON),” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol.  40, no. 2, pp. 74–80, Feb. 2002. [CrossRef]
  24. J. Choi, A. S. Reaz, and B. Mukherjee, “A survey of user behavior in VoD service and bandwidth-saving multicast streaming schemes,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol.  14, no. 1, pp. 156–169, 2012. [CrossRef]
  25. A. Erramilli, P. Pruthi, and W. Willinger, “Fast and physically based generation of self-similar network traffic with applications to ATM performance evaluation,” in 29th Winter Simulation Conf., Dec. 1997, pp. 997–1004.
  26. S. Blake, D. Black, M. Carlson, E. Davies, Z. Wang, and W. Weiss, “An architecture for differentiated services,” , Dec. 1998.
  27. G. Kramer, Ethernet Passive Optical Network. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2005.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited