OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editor: Richard A. Linke
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2006
  • pp: 790–806

Protection in multigranular waveband networks

Saket Varma and Jason P. Jue  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 5, Issue 11, pp. 790-806 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JON.5.000790


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (717 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Feature Issue on Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming

As the number of wavelengths in wavelength-division-multiplexed (WDM) systems continues to increase, the switching fabrics of optical cross connects (OXCs) will become increasingly complex. This complexity can be reduced by introducing multigranular optical cross connects (MG-OXCs) into the network. A MG-OXC is capable of switching an entire group of wavelengths through a single switch port, thereby reducing the required number of switching ports and the complexity of the switch fabric. We consider the problem of establishing active and backup paths for connections in networks with MG-OXCs. The problem of establishing protected connections for a given traffic demand in multigranular networks differs from the protection problem in standard wavelength-routed networks in that the primary objective in multigranular networks is to minimize the number of switch ports in the network. The mode of protection (dedicated or shared) affects the ability to aggregate and route traffic together. We formulate the problems of dedicated and shared protection in the form of Integer Linear Programs (ILPs) to optimize the total number of ports. Since solving the ILPs for large networks is intractable, we propose a graph-based heuristic that attempts to solve the problem of routing and waveband assignment in an integrated manner. The heuristic reduces the total number of ports in the multigranular network. We also study the effect of shared protection on the port count.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming

History
Original Manuscript: May 17, 2006
Revised Manuscript: July 24, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: August 9, 2006
Published: October 11, 2006

Virtual Issues
Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming (2006) Journal of Optical Networking

Citation
Saket Varma and Jason P. Jue, "Protection in multigranular waveband networks," J. Opt. Netw. 5, 790-806 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jon-5-11-790


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. S. Varma and J. P. Jue, 'Protection in multigranular waveband networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1759-1763.
  2. L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate traffic grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), pp. TuG3-T1-3.
  3. O. Gerstel and R. Ramaswami, 'Making use of a two-stage multiplexing scheme in a WDM network,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 44-46.
  4. K. Kompella and Y. Rekhter, 'LSP hierarchy with generalized MPLS TE,' draft-ietf-mpls-lsp-hierarchy-08. txt, 2001.
  5. S. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, 'Survivable WDM networks. part I--Protection,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM '99) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 744-751.
  6. W. Grover and D. Stamatelakis, 'Cycle-oriented distributed preconfiguration: Ring-like speed with mesh like capacity for self-planning network restoration,' in Proceedings of the International Conference on Communications (ICC) (IEEE, 1998), pp. 537-543.
  7. M. Medard, S. G. Finn, and R. A. Barry, 'WDM loop-back recovery in mesh networks,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM) (IEEE, 1999), pp. 752-759.
  8. C. Qiao and D. Xu, 'Distributed partial information management (DPIM) schemes for survivable networks--part I,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 302-311.
  9. M. Kodialam and T. V. Lakshman, 'Dynamic routing of bandwidth guaranteed tunnels with restoration,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM) (IEEE, 2000), pp. 902-911.
  10. Y. Liu and D. Tipper, 'Approximating optimal spare capacity allocation by successive survivable routing,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM) (IEEE, 2001), pp. 699-708.
  11. P. H. Ho and H. T. Mouftah, 'Routing and wavelength assignment with multigranularity traffic in optical networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1292-1303 (2002).
  12. Y. Suemura, I. Nishioka, Y. Maino, S. Araki, R. Izmailov, and S. Ganguly, 'Hierarchical routing in layered ring and mesh optical networks,' in International Conference on Communications (ICC) (IEEE, 2002), pp. 727-2733.
  13. H. Zhu, H. Zang, K. Zhu, and B. Mukherjee, 'A novel generic graph model for traffic grooming in heterogeneous WDM mesh networks,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 285-299 (2003).
  14. M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical cross connect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, T. Wang, Y. Suemura, Y. Maeno, and S. Araki, 'Hybrid hierarchical optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 88-94 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Yao and B. Mukherjee, 'Design of hybrid waveband-switched networks with OEO traffic grooming,' in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2003), pp. 357-358.
  18. R. Izmailov, S. Ganguly, V. Kleptsyn, and A. C. Varsou, 'Non-uniform waveband hierarchy in hybrid optical networks,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM '03) (IEEE, 2003), pp. 1344-1354.
  19. A. C. Varsou, S. Ganguly, and R. Izmailov, 'Waveband protection mechanisms in hierarchical optical networks,' in Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (HPSR 2003) (IEEE, 2003), pp. 317-322.
  20. S. Araki, S. Ganguly, R. Izmailov, Y. Maeno, Y. Suemura, and T. Wang, 'Impact of intermediate traffic grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' NEC Res. Dev. 43, 133-140 (2002).
  21. R. Lingampalli and P. Vengalam, 'Effect of wavelength and waveband grooming on all-optical networks with single layer photonic switching,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 501-502.
  22. E. Ciaramella, 'Introducing wavelength granularity to reduce the complexity of optical cross connects,' IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 699-701 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Multilayer versus single-layer optical cross-connect architectures for waveband switching,' in Proceedings of the Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM) (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1830-1840.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited