OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editor: Richard A. Linke
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1002–1012

Single-layer multigranular optical cross-connect architecture with conversion capability and enhanced flexibility

Christina Tanya Politi, Chris Matrakidis, Alex Stavdas, Damianos Gavalas, and Mike O'Mahony  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 5, Issue 12, pp. 1002-1012 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JON.5.001002


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (543 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Feature Issue on Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming

The rapid advances in WDM technology are expected to bring about tremendous growth in the size of optical cross connects (OXCs). In this context, multigranular OXCs (MG-OXCs) have been suggested as a means of reducing the amount of equipment required. Here we expand the concept of MG-OXCs to include optical packet granularity and review the key building blocks for the advent of MG-OXCs. A single-layer MG-OXC is suggested that offers enhanced flexibility with respect to other single-layer concepts, conversion capability, and good physical performance. Concatenation performance is analytically investigated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

ToC Category:
Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming

History
Original Manuscript: April 28, 2006
Revised Manuscript: September 15, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: September 16, 2006
Published: November 16, 2006

Virtual Issues
Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming (2006) Journal of Optical Networking

Citation
Christina Tanya Politi, Chris Matrakidis, Alex Stavdas, Damianos Gavalas, and Mike O'Mahony, "Single-layer multigranular optical cross-connect architecture with conversion capability and enhanced flexibility," J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1002-1012 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jon-5-12-1002


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and C. A. S. Pomportsi, 'Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and Architectures,' J. Lightwave Technology 21, 384-405 (2003).
  2. S. Yoo, 'Wavelength conversion technologies for WDM network applications,' J. Lightwave Technol. 14955-965 (1996).
  3. IST OPTIMIST consortium, 'Technology trend documents,' January 2004 (www.ist-optimist.org).
  4. X. Cao, V. Anand, and C. Qiao, 'Waveband switching in optical networks,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 41(4), 105-112 (2003).
  5. G. WilfongB. Mikkelsen, Chris Doerr, and Martin Zirngibl, 'WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,' J. Lightwave Technology 17. 1732-1741 (1999).
  6. E. Iannone and R. Sabella, 'Optical path technologies: a comparison among different cross-connect architectures,' J. Lightwave Technology 14, 2184-2196 (1996).
  7. C. T. Politi and M. O'Mahony, 'Simultaneous processing and routing of packets in a synchronous optical packet switched network,' IEICE Trans. Commun. E86-B, 1515-1524 (2003).
  8. L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate grouping on the dimensioning of multigranularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuG3.
  9. P. De Dobbelaere, K. Falta, S. Gloekner, and S. Patra, 'Digital MEMS for optical switching,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 88-95 (2002).
  10. A. Tzanakaki, I. Zacharopoulos, and I. Tomkos, 'Optical add/drop multiplexers and optical cross-connects for wavelength routed networks,' in Transparent Optical Networks, 2003 (2003), Vol. 1, pp. 202.
  11. P. Torab, V. Hutcheon, D. Walters, and A. Battou, 'Waveband switching efficiency in WDM networks: analysis and case study,' presented at OFC/NFOEC, Anaheim, California, March 5-10, 2006, paper OTuG3.
  12. C. T. Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. J. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Optical cross-connect architecture using waveband conversion and a passive wavelength router,' IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 152, 215-221 (2005).
  13. K. Inoue, T. Hasegawa, K. da, K., and H. Toba, 'Multichannel frequency conversion experiment using fibre four-wave mixing,' Electron. Lett. 29, 1708-1710 (1993).
  14. E. Yamazaki, A. Takata, J. Yamawaku, J. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, 'Widely tunable multichannel wavelength conversion using multiple wavelength quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguide,' Electron. Lett. 40 , 492-493 (2004).
  15. S. J. B. Yoo, G. K. Chang, X. Wei, M. A. Koza, C. Caneau, and R. Bhat, 'Simultaneous multi-channel conversion of analog and digital signals by polarization independent difference-frequency-generation,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 1999), Vol. 4, pp. 36-38.
  16. B. Chen and Chang-Qing Xu, 'Analysis of novel cascaded chi 2 (SFG+DFG) wavelength conversions in quasi-phase-matched waveguides,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 256-261 (2004).
  17. D. Klonidis, C. T. Politi, R. Nejabati, M. J. O'Mahony, and D. Simeonidou, 'OPSnet: design and demonstration of an asynchronous high speed optical packet switch,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23,2914-25 (2005).
  18. P. V. Mamyshev, 'All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect,' ECOC98.
  19. J. LeutholdG. Raybon, Y. Su, and R. Essiambre, 'All-optical transmission and wavelength conversion of 40 Gbit/s signals over ultra-long haul distances,' presented at IEEE/LEOS Summer Topicals 2002, Mont Tremblant, Quebec Canada, July 15-17, 2002, paper WB1.
  20. M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C.-H. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002).
  21. P. B. Chu, S.-S. Lee, and S. Park, 'MEMS: the path to large optical cross-connects,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 40(3), 80-87 (2002).
  22. C. T. Politi, D. Klonidis, Anna Tzanakaki, M. O'Mahony, and I. Tomkos, 'Waveband routed optical packet switch: implementation and performance evaluation,' Proc. SPIE 45, 050504 (2006).
  23. No direct comparison can be made for the number of switches or ports with the designs in Ref. . Here the converters must be considered as the switching elements to be minimized in a MG-OXC configuration.
  24. J. Yamawuku, E Yamazaki, A. Takada, and T. Morioka, 'Field demonstration of virtual grouped-wavelength-path switching with transparent waveband conversion in QPM-LN and PLC matrix switch in test bed of JGN II,' presented at ECOC, Stockholm, Sweden, 5-9 September, 2004, postdeadline paper Th4.5.3.
  25. C. T. Politi, D. Alexandropoulos, D. Klonidis, M. J. O'Mahony, and A. Stavdas, 'Concatenation performance of optical packet switches that incorporate wavelength converters based on FWM in SOAs,' IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (to be published).
  26. C. T. Politi, D. Klonidis, and M. J. O'Mahony, 'Waveband Conversion based on FWM in SOAs,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1203-1217 (2006).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited