OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editor: Richard A. Linke
  • Vol. 5, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1028–1042

Architecture design and performance evaluation of multigranularity optical networks based on optical code division multiplexing

Shaowei Huang, Ken-ichi Baba, Masayuki Murata, and Ken-ichi Kitayama  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 5, Issue 12, pp. 1028-1042 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JON.5.001028


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (290 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Feature Issue on Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming

In traditional lambda-based multigranularity optical networks, a lambda is always treated as the basic routing unit, resulting in low wavelength utilization. On the basis of optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) technology, a novel OCDM-based multigranularity optical cross-connect (MG-OXC) is proposed. Compared with the traditional lambda-based MG-OXC, its switching capability has been extended to support fiber switching, waveband switching, lambda switching, and OCDM switching. In a network composed of OCDM-based MG-OXCs, a single wavelength can be shared by distinct label switched paths (LSPs) called OCDM-LSPs, and OCDM-LSP switching can be implemented in the optical domain. To improve the network flexibility for an OCDM-LSP provisioning, two kinds of switches enabling hybrid optical code (OC)-wavelength conversion are designed. Simulation results indicate that a blocking probability reduction of 2 orders can be obtained by deploying only five OCs to a single wavelength. Furthermore, compared with time-division-multiplexing LSP (TDM-LSP), owing to the asynchronous accessibility and the OC conversion, OCDM-LSPs have been shown to permit a simpler switch architecture and achieve better blocking performance than TDM-LSPs.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming

History
Original Manuscript: May 2, 2006
Revised Manuscript: September 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: September 22, 2006
Published: November 22, 2006

Virtual Issues
Waveband Switching, Routing, and Grooming (2006) Journal of Optical Networking

Citation
Shaowei Huang, Ken-ichi Baba, Masayuki Murata, and Ken-ichi Kitayama, "Architecture design and performance evaluation of multigranularity optical networks based on optical code division multiplexing," J. Opt. Netw. 5, 1028-1042 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jon-5-12-1028


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. Internet Engineering Task Force, Request for Comments: RFC 3471-3473, http://www.ietf.org.
  2. Internet Engineering Task Force, Request for Comments: RFC 2026, http://www.ietf.org.
  3. C. Blaizot, E. Dotaro, L. Noirie, and A. Jourdan, 'Multi-granularity optical networks,' in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling (ONDM 2000) (IFIP, 2001), pp. 1-20.
  4. L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and E. Dotaro, 'Impact of intermediate traffic grouping on the dimensioning of multi-granularity optical networks,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper TuG3-3.
  5. M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. Kang, and J. Park, 'Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing a two-stage multiplexing scheme of waveband and wavelength,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 166-171 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. P. H. Ho and H. T. Mouftah, 'Routing and wavelength assignment with multigranularity traffic in optical networks,' J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1292-1303 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. P. H. Ho and H. T. Mouftah, 'Path selection with tunnel allocation in the optical Internet based on generalized MPLS architecture,' in Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE International Conference on Communications (IEEE, 2002), pp. 235-240.
  8. X. Cao, V. Anand, Y. Xiong, and C. Qiao, 'A study of waveband switching with multilayer multigranular optical cross-connects,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1081-1095 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. P. H. Ho, H. T. Mouftah, and J. Wu, 'A scalable design of multigranularity optical cross-connects for the next-generation optical Internet,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1133-1142 (2003).
  10. V. Eramo and M. Listanti, 'Packet loss in a bufferless optical WDM switch employing shared tunable wavelength converters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1818-1833 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Yates, D. Everitt, and J. Lacey, 'Blocking in shared-wavelength TDM Networks,' in Proceedings of the Australian Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ATNAC'95) (1995), pp. 705-710.
  12. N.-F. Huang, G.-H. Liaw, and C.-P. Wang, 'A novel all-optical transport network with time-shared wavelength channels,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1863-1875 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. B. Wen and K. Sivalingam, 'Routing, wavelength and time-slot assignment in time division multiplexed wavelength-routed optical WDM networks,' in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 2002: Twenty-First Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (IEEE, 2002) pp. 1442-1450.
  14. K. Kitayama, 'Code division multiplexing lightwave networks based upon optical code conversion,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1309-1319 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Huang, K. Baba, M. Murata, and K. Kitayama, 'Variable-bandwidth optical paths: comparison between optical code-labeled path and OCDM path,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 3563-3573 (2006).
  16. E. Dotara, D. Paradimitriou, L. Noirie, M. Vigoureux, and L. Ciavaglia, Optical multi-granularity architecture framework, Internet draft (July, 2001), http://quimby.gnus.org/internet-drafts/draft-dotaro-ipo-multi-granularity-00.txt.
  17. K. Kitayama, N. Wada, and H. Sotobayashi, 'Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation,' J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. X. Wang, T. Hamanaka, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, 'Dispersion-flattened-fiber based optical thresholder for multiple-access-interference suppression in OCDMA system,' Opt. Express 13, 5499-5455 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. X. Wang, N. Wada, T. Hamanaka, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, '10-user asynchrnous OCDMA transmission experiment with 511-chip SSFBG and SC-based optical thresholder,' in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper PD-33.
  20. X. Wang, K. Matsushima, A. Nishiki, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, 'High reflectivity superstructured FBG for coherent optical code generation and recognition,' Opt. Express 12, 5457-5468 (2004). [CrossRef]
  21. K. Kitayama and M. Murata, 'Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit-, burst-, and packet-switchings,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).
  22. Z. Pan, J. Cao, Y. Bansal, V. K. Tsui, S. K. H. Fong, Y. Zhang, J. Taylor, H. J. Lee, M. Jeon, V. Akella, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Okamoto, and S. Kamei, 'All-optical programmable time-slot-interchanger using optical-label switching with tunable wavelength conversion and N by N arrayed waveguide grating routers,' in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 267-268.
  23. J. F. Kurose and K. W. Ross, A Top-Down Approach Featuring the Internet (Addison Wesley, 2004).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited