OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editor: Richard A. Linke
  • Vol. 6, Iss. 4 — Apr. 3, 2007
  • pp: 322–340

Design and analysis of strictly nonblocking WDM optical-switching networks

Haitham S. Hamza and Jitender S. Deogun  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 6, Issue 4, pp. 322-340 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JON.6.000322


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (963 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Feature Issue on Photonics in Switching

Two novel strictly nonblocking crossbar-like WDM networks are proposed and used to design what we believe to be new classes of Clos-type networks. The proposed Clos-type networks are based on two design methods, namely, the wavelength-interconnected and the fiber-interconnected methods. The proposed designs enforce wavelength conversion strictly between two prespecified and fixed wavelengths, thus eliminating the need for expensive wide-range wavelength converters. Analysis of hardware complexity shows that the proposed designs can achieve up to 30% reduction in overall cost compared with best-known WDM switching networks while using a smaller number of stages.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Photonics in Switching

History
Original Manuscript: October 6, 2006
Revised Manuscript: January 12, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 18, 2007
Published: March 8, 2007

Virtual Issues
Photonics in Switching (2006) Journal of Optical Networking

Citation
Haitham S. Hamza and Jitender S. Deogun, "Design and analysis of strictly nonblocking WDM optical-switching networks," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 322-340 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jon-6-4-322


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. B. Mukherjee, 'WDM optical communication networks: progress and challenges,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1824 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Cost-effective designs of WDM optical interconnects,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 16, 51-66 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Ramaswami and K. N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2002).
  4. H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and Y. Yang, 'Optical switching networks with minimum number of limited range wavelength converters,' in Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference on Computer Communications and Networking (INFOCOM 2005) (IEEE, 2005).
  5. H. J. Chao, 'Next generation routers,' Proc. IEEE 90, 1518-1558 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, and A. S. Pomportsis, 'Optical switching: switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures,' J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. V. Eramo, M. Listanti, and M. Spaziani, 'Resource sharing in optical packet switches with limited-range wavelength converters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 671-687 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. B. A. Small, A. Shacham, and K. Bergman, 'Emulation of realistic network traffic patterns on an eight-node data vortex interconnection network subsystem,' J. Opt. Netw. 3, 802-809 (2004).
  9. R. Hemenway and R. R. Grzybowski, 'Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications,' J. Opt. Netw. 3, 900-913 (2004).
  10. L. A. Buckman Windover, J. N. Simon, S. A. Rosenau, K. S. Giboney, G. M. Flower, L. W. Mirkarimi, A. Grot, B. Law, C.-K. Lin, A. Tandon, R. W. Gruhlke, H. Xia, G. Rankin, M. R. T. Tan, D. W. Dolfi, 'Parallel-optical interconnects 100 Gb/s,' J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2055-2063 (2004).
  11. G. Wilfong, B. Mikkelsen, C. Doerr, and M. Zirngibl, 'WDM cross-connect architectures with reduced complexity,' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1732-1741 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. N. Antoniades, S. J. B. Yoo, K. Bala, G. Ellinas, and T. E. Stern, 'An architecture for a wavelength-interchanging cross-connect utilizing parametric wavelength converters,' J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1113-1125 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Nagatsu, S. Okamoto, and K. Sato, 'Optical path cross-connect system scale evaluation using path accommodation design for restricted wavelength multiplexing,' IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 14, 893-902 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. X. Qin and Y. Yang, 'Nonblocking WDM switching networks with full and limited wavelength conversion,' IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 2032-2041 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Yang, J. Wang, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM multicast switching networks,' IEEE Trans. Parallel Distrib. Syst. 11, 1274-1287 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Yang and J. Wang, 'Designing WDM optical interconnects with full connectivity by using limited wavelength conversion,' IEEE Trans. Comput. 53, 1547-1556 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. C. G. Guillemot, M. Renaud, M. Gambini, P. Janz, C. Andonovic, I. Bauknecht, R. Bostica, B. Burzio, M. Callegati, F. Casoni, M. Chiaroni, D. Clerot, D. Danielson, S. L. Dorgeuille, F. Dupas, A. Franzen, A. Hansen, P. B. Hunter, D. K. Kloch, A. Krahenbuhl, R. Lavigne, B. Le Corre, A. Raffaelli, C. Schilling, M. Simon, J. C. Zucchelli, and L. Lannien, 'Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach,' J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, 'Nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,' in Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (INFOCOM 04') (IEEE, 2004), pp. 1352-1362.
  19. H. Q. Ngo, D. Pan, and C. Qiao, 'Constructions and analyses of nonblocking WDM switches based on arrayed waveguide grating and limited wavelength conversion,' IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 14, 205-217 (2006).
  20. H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, 'Designing full-connectivity WDM optical interconnects with reduced switching and conversion complexity,' in Proceedings of the 14th IEEE Hot Interconnects 14, Symposium on High Performance Interconnects (HOTi06) (IEEE, 2006), pp. 25-30.
  21. H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, 'Wavelength exchanging cross-connect (WEX)--A new class of photonic cross-connects,' J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1101-1111 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Chowdhury, S. C. Hagness, and L. McCaughan, 'Simultaneous optical wavelength interchange with a two-dimensional second-order nonlinear photonic crystal,' Opt. Lett. 25, 832-834 (2000).
  23. K. Moei, H. Takara, and M. Saruwatari, 'Wavelength interchange with an optical parametric loop mirror,' Electron. Lett. 33, 520-522 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Uesaka, K. K.-Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, 'Wavelength exchange in a highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber: theory and experiments,' IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 560-568 (2002). [CrossRef]
  25. H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, 'Designing scalable WDM optical interconnects using predefined wavelength conversion,' J. Opt. Netw. 5, 422-434 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. C. Clos, 'A study of nonblocking switching networks,' Bell Syst. Tech. J. 32, 407-424 (1958).
  27. R. A. Spanke, 'Architectures for guided-wave optical space switching systems,' IEEE Commun. Mag. 25, 42-48 (1987). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited