OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editor: Keren Bergman
  • Vol. 7, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2008
  • pp: 958–976

Traffic management framework for optical routers with small buffers

Arvinder Pal Wander, Anujan Varma, and Marina Thottan  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 7, Issue 11, pp. 958-976 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JON.7.000958


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1340 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The scarcity of buffering within all-optical routers poses a significant challenge to their potential deployment in the Internet backbone. We present a thorough investigation into the performance of the integrated router interconnected spectrally (IRIS), an all-optical router, using network and traffic models representative of the Internet backbone. When exposed to the burstiness of Internet traffic, optical routers are susceptible to significant losses, even under light load conditions. We evaluate a rate control framework that uses electronics-based edge routers to control the rate and to shape the traffic entering the all-optical core. Our results from simulations show that IRIS can operate loss free at utilizations as high as 90% and that the severity of such losses beyond the 90% threshold can be greatly reduced with a slight increase in buffer size. Finally, we show that the reordering introduced by the load-balanced architecture of IRIS has almost no effect on the end-to-end packet ordering.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.1155) Fiber optics and optical communications : All-optical networks

ToC Category:
Optical Routers

History
Original Manuscript: August 6, 2008
Revised Manuscript: September 24, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 2008
Published: October 31, 2008

Virtual Issues
Optical Routers (2008) Journal of Optical Networking

Citation
Arvinder Pal Wander, Anujan Varma, and Marina Thottan, "Traffic management framework for optical routers with small buffers," J. Opt. Netw. 7, 958-976 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jon-7-11-958


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. Bernasconi, J. Gripp, D. Neilson, J. Simsarian, D. Stiliadis, A. Varma, and M. Zirngibl, “Architecture of an integrated router interconnected spectrally (IRIS),” in 2006 Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE, 2006).
  2. C. S. Chang, D. S. Lee, and Y. S. Jou, “Load balanced Birkoff-von Neuman switches,' in 2001 IEEE Workshop on High Performance Switching and Routing (IEEE, 2001), 276-280.
  3. P. Bernasconi, C. Doerr, C. Dragone, M. Capuzzo, E. Laskowski, and A. Paunescu, “Large N×N waveguide grating routers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 985-991 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Bernasconi, W. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Sauer, L. Buhl, I. Kang, S. Chandrasekhar, and D. T. Neilson, “Monolithically integrated 40 Gb/s wavelength converter with multi-frequrency laser,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper PDP16.
  5. C. J. Fraleigh, “Provisioning internet backbone networks to support latency sensitive applications,” Ph.D. thesis (Stanford University, 2002).
  6. W. Leland, M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, and D. V. Wilson, “On the self-similar nature of ethernet traffic,” in ACM SIGCOMM (Association for Computing Machinery, 1993), pp. 183-193.
  7. J. Cao, W. Cleveland, D. Lin, and D. Sun, “On the nonstationarity of internet traffic.” in ACM SIGMETRICS (Association for Computing Machinery, 2001), pp. 102-112.
  8. Y. Joo, A. C. Gilbert, and W. Willinger, “TCP/IP traffic dynamics and network performace: a lesson in workload modeling, flow control, and trace-driven simulations,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 31(2), 25-37 (2001).
  9. M. Garrett and W. Willinger, “Analysis, modeling and generation of self-similar VBR video traffic,” in ACM SIGCOMM (Association for Computing Machinery, 1994), pp. 269-280.
  10. C. Villamizar and C. Song, “High performance TCP in ANSNET,” Comput. Commun. Rev. 24(5), 45-60 (1994). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Gopalakrishnan, “Performance evaluation of IRIS with rate control,” M.S. thesis (University of California Santa Cruz, 2006).
  12. G. Appenzeller, I. Keslassy, and N. McKeown, “Sizing router buffers,” in ACM SIGCOMM (Association for Computing Machinery, 2004), pp. 281-292.
  13. F. Bonomi and K. W. Fendick, “The rate-based flow control framework for the available bit rate ATM service,” IEEE Network 9(2), 25-39 (1995).
  14. K. Papagiannaki, R. Cruz, and C. Diot, “Network performance monitoring at small time scales,” in ACM Internet Measurement Conference (Association for Computing Machinery, 2003), pp. 295-300.
  15. A. Arulambalam, X. Chen, and N. Ansari, “Allocating fair rates for available bit rate service in ATM networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 34(11), 92-100 (1996).
  16. L. Kalampoukas, A. Varma, and K. Ramakrishnan, “An efficient rate allocation algorithm for ATM networks providing max-min fairness,” in 6th IFIP International Conference on High Performance Networking (Chapman & Hall, 2005), pp. 143-154.
  17. V. Paxson and S. Floyd, “Wide area traffic: the failure of Poisson modeling,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 3, 226-244 (1995). [CrossRef]
  18. The Network Simulator (NS-2), http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/.
  19. L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems, Volume 1: Theory (Wiley, 1975).
  20. R. Stevens, TCP/IP Illustrated Volume 1: The Protocols (Addison-Wesley, 1993).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited