OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

Journal of Optical Communications and Networking

  • Editor: Keren Bergman
  • Vol. 8, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2009
  • pp: 272–284

Indoor airport radio-over-fiber network traffic model and performance analysis using load-balancing techniques [Invited]

Ángela A. de Grado Vivero, Omar Y. Alani, and J. M. Elmirghani  »View Author Affiliations


Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 272-284 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JON.8.000272


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (729 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The development of airports such as the recently inaugurated Heathrow Terminal 5, as well as the increasing number of people using these facilities every day for business reasons or just for pleasure, reveals the importance of adequate and reliable communication facilities in this context. This environment is characterized by multiservice, multistandard wireless technologies and a highly variable traffic demand in space and time due to passenger flow, behavior, and usage from the terminal's entrance to the corresponding boarding gate, ruled by flight departure schedules, in the indoor environment. The Intelligent Airport (TINA) project establishes its objective as the creation of a seamless hybrid wireless and wired infrastructure capable of providing users with a wide range of services, based on radio-over-fiber (RoF) networks, anticipating the deployment of multiple air interfaces within 4G networks. In this paper the spatial and temporal traffic demand is analyzed and modeled through simulation, as a means of selecting the optimum location for the base stations/antenna units (BSs/AUs) in the network. A load-balancing technique is applied to ease the load on congested cells using strategically located fixed relay nodes, and the network's behavior is analyzed for different BS properties.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks
(060.4258) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks, network topology

ToC Category:
Radio-over-Optical-Fiber Networks

History
Original Manuscript: September 3, 2008
Revised Manuscript: January 18, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2009
Published: February 24, 2009

Virtual Issues
Radio-over-Optical-Fiber Networks (2008) Journal of Optical Networking

Citation
Ángela A. de Grado Vivero, Omar Y. Alani, and J. M. Elmirghani, "Indoor airport radio-over-fiber network traffic model and performance analysis using load-balancing techniques [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 8, 272-284 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jocn/abstract.cfm?URI=jon-8-3-272


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. P. Hartmann, X. Qian, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Broadband multimode fibre (MMF) based IEEE 802.11a/b/g WLAN distribution system,” in 2004 IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 173-176.
  2. E. I. Ackerman and C. H. Cox, “RF fiber-optic link performance,” IEEE Microw. Mag. 2(4), 50-58 (2001).
  3. A. J. Seeds, “Wireless access over optical fibre: from cellular radio to broadband; from UHF to millimetre-waves,” in The 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), pp. 471-472.
  4. T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: what, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. V. S. Frost and B. Melamed, “Traffic modeling for telecommunications networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 32(3), 70-81 (1994).
  6. D. Hong and S. S. Rappaport, “Traffic model and performance analysis for cellular mobile radio telephone systems with prioritized and nonprioritized handoff procedures,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 35, 77-92 (1986).
  7. P. V. Orlik and S. S. Rappaport, “Traffic performance and mobility modeling of cellular communications with mixed platforms and highly variable mobilities,” Proc. IEEE 86, 1464-1479 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. P. V. Orlik and S. S. Rappaport, “A model for teletraffic performance and channel holding time characterization in wireless cellular communications with general session and dwell time distributions,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 788-803 (1998).
  9. Y. Fang and I. Chlamtac, “Teletraffic analysis and mobility modeling of PCS networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 1062-1072 (1999).
  10. M. Rajaratnam and F. Takawira, “Nonclassical traffic modeling and performance analysis of cellular mobile networks with and without channel reservation,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 49, 817-834 (2000).
  11. D. Lam, D. C. Cox, and J. Widom, “Teletraffic modeling for personal communications services,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 35(2), 79-87 (1997).
  12. M. M. Zonoozi and P. Dassanayake, “User mobility modeling and characterization of mobility patterns,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 15, 1239-1252 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, and E. Zehavi, “Other-cell interference in cellular power-controlled CDMA,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 42, 1501-1504 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Zou and V. K. Bhergava, “Design issues in a CDMA cellular system with heterogenous traffic types,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 47, 871-884 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. C. C. Lee and R. Steele, “Effect of soft and softer handoffs on CDMA system capacity,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 47, 830-841 (1998).
  16. N. Antunes, R. Rocha, P. Pinto, and A. Pacheco, Impact of Next Generation Wireless Networks Requirements on Teletraffic Modeling. Interoperable Communication Networks, Vol. 1 (Baltzer Science, 1998), pp. 706-715.
  17. T. S. Kim, M. Y. Chung, D. Sung, and M. Sengoku, “Mobility modeling and traffic analysis in three-dimensional indoor environments,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 47, 546-557 (1998).
  18. A. D. Amis and R. Prakash, “Load-balancing clusters in wireless ad hoc networks,” in Proceedings of the 3rd IEEE Symposium on Application-Specific Systems and Software Engineering Technology (IEEE, 2000), pp. 25-32.
  19. J. So and N. H. Vaidya, “Load-balancing routing in multichannel hybrid wireless networks with single network interface,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 55, 806-812 (2006).
  20. K.-W. Lee, Y.-B. Ko, and T. Nadagopal, “Load mitigation in cellular data networks by peer data sharing over WLAN channels,” Comput. Netw. 47, 271-286 (2005).
  21. W. Song and W. Zhuang, “Load balancing for cellular/WLAN integrated networks,” IEEE Network 21(1), 27-33 (2007).
  22. K. Tutschku and P. Tran-Gia, “Spatial traffic estimation and characterization for mobile communication network design,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 804-811 (1998).
  23. F. Baccelli and V. Schmidt, “Modeling of communication networks via stochastic geometry,” in Dagstuhl Workshop (1998).
  24. C. C. Chan and S. V. Hanly, “Calculating the outage probability in a CDMA network with spatial Poisson traffic,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 50, 183-204 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited