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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 52, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1962
  • pp: 777–780

Investigation of the Invariance of Atmospheric Dispersion with a Long-Path Refractometer

KENT E. ERICKSON  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 52, Issue 7, pp. 777-780 (1962)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.52.000777


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Abstract

An investigation has been made of the extent to which the relative refractivity of the atmosphere is invariant under changes in pressure and humidity. To achieve the necessary precision a refractometer with double-passed chambers 14.3 m long was designed for use in the photographic region. No fiducial line is employed. The relative refractivity of dry air was found to vary by less than 3 × 10-6 over the region from 3890 to 6440 Å for a change in pressure of ½ atm. The relative refractivity of water vapor at low pressure in the region from 3610 to 6440 Å was found to be

δ¯H2O=0.961646+0.0086062 k2-0.00010547 k4+0.00001312 k6,

where k is the vacuum wave number in µ-1.

Citation
KENT E. ERICKSON, "Investigation of the Invariance of Atmospheric Dispersion with a Long-Path Refractometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 777-780 (1962)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-52-7-777


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References

  1. H. Barrell and J. E. Sears, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. (London) A238, 1 (1940).
  2. Karl-Filip Svensson, Arkiv Fysik 16, 361 (1960).
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  4. See dissertation, K. E. Erickson, the Johns Hopkins University (1961), for more complete details.
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  12. For a discussion of other effects see W. F. Brown, Dielectrics, volume 17 of Handbook of Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1956).

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