Photoelectric recording of completely separated charge-state beams to give unambiguous and rigorously correct charge-state identifications is described and compared to alternative techniques.
© 1976 Optical Society of America
Henn Oona and William S. Bickel, "Charge-state determination of beam-foil spectral lines," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 278-280 (1976)