The spectra of elements Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, and Ag in the 10–100-Å range were obtained from a high-power vacuum spark and a grazing-incidence high-resolution spectrograph. The transitions 3d10-3d94p, 3d10-3d94f, 3d10-3d95p, and 3d10-3d95f were identified. The agreement with ab initio relativistic calculations is good. The relevance of the jj coupling scheme for level labeling is discussed, as is the importance of relativistic effects, by comparing the scheme with other results on high-Z atoms (up to Pt).
© 1981 Optical Society of America
N. Schweitzer, M. Klapisch, J. L. Schwob, M. Finkenthal, A. Bar-Shalom, P. Mandelbaum, and B. S. Fraenkel, "Nickel-like spectra of elements Y XII to Ag XX from a vacuum spark," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 219-226 (1981)