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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 1, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1917
  • pp: 3–14

Optics InfoBase > JOSA > Volume 1 > Issue 1 > THE NATURE OF THE VISUAL RECEPTOR PROCESS

THE NATURE OF THE VISUAL RECEPTOR PROCESS

LEONARD THOMPSON TROLAND

JOSA, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 3-14 (1917)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.1.000003


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Citation
LEONARD THOMPSON TROLAND, "THE NATURE OF THE VISUAL RECEPTOR PROCESS," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 3-14 (1917)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-1-1-3


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References

  1. A notable exception to this rule is the so-called duplicity theory, which concerns the differential functioning of the rods and cones.
  2. von Kries, J., Ueber Ermüdung des Sehnervens. Archiv für Ophthalmologic (1877), 23, ii, 1–44.
  3. Troland, L. T., Adaptation and the Chemical Theory of Sensory Response. American Journal of Psychology (1914), 25, 500–527.
  4. See Troland, L. T., Apparent Brightness: Its Conditions and Properties. Transactions of the Illuminating Engineering Society (1917). Also The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916), 181, 855–857.
  5. See Troland, L. T., The Laws of Visual Minuthesis, etc. Journal of the Franklin Institute (1916) 181, 579–581.
  6. See Sheppard, S. E., Photo-Chemistry, 1914, 213–214.
  7. Troland, L. T., A Definite Physico-Chemical Hypothesis to Explain Visual Response. American Journal of Physiology (1913), 32, 8–41.
  8. Lasareff, P., Theorie der Lichtreizung der Netzhaut beim Dunkelsehen. Archiv für die gesammte Physiologie (1913), 154, 459–469, and other articles.
  9. Lillie, R. S., The Relation of Stimulation and Conduction in Irritable Tissues to Changes in the Permeability of the Limiting Membranes. American Journal of Physiology (1911), 28, 197–223.
  10. The positive components are supposed to be hydrogen ions which, probably on account of their smallness, possess high mobility, and easily pass through molecular interspaces which exclude larger particles.
  11. See Fröhlich, F., Beitrage zur allgemeinem Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. Zeitschrift für Sinnes-physiologie (1913), 28, 28–165.
  12. It is possible that the increase in negativity due to the action of light on the receptor cells depends upon the ejection of electrons from atoms in the vicinity of the membrane, which is everywhere perpendicular to the electric and magnetic vectors of the light ray. The action would thus be strictly analogous to that occurring in the well-known photo-electric effect.
  13. See Verworn, M., Irritability, 1913, 139–146. The "all or none" law obviously necessitates a "quantum theory"—of nerve action.
  14. See Forbes, A.., and Gregg, A.., Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes, II. American Journal of Physiology (1915), 39, 225–232.
  15. Loc. cit.
  16. Trans. I. E. S., loc. cit.
  17. König, A., and Zumpft, Ueber die lichtempfindliche Schicht in der Netzhaut des menschlichen Auges. Königs gesammte Abhandlungen, 333–338.

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