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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 10, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 1925
  • pp: 137–147

THE ILLUSION OF DEPTH FROM SINGLE PICTURES

A. AMES, JR.

JOSA, Vol. 10, Issue 2, pp. 137-147 (1925)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.10.000137


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Citation
A. AMES, JR., "THE ILLUSION OF DEPTH FROM SINGLE PICTURES," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 137-147 (1925)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-10-2-137


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References

  1. Die binokulare Verflachung von Bildern, ein vielseitig bedeutsames Sehproblem. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 70, p. 1, 1923.
  2. Physiologic Optics, Tscherning, Keystone Press, p. 321.
  3. "A Theory of Binocular Perspective, Etc.," Annals of Ophthal; April, 1902.
  4. "The effect of Converging Prisms upon our Notions of Size and Distance." Ophthal. Record 9, p. 595; 1900.
  5. "Vision and the Technique of Art." Proceedings Amer. Acad. of Arts and Sciences, 58, No. 1, February 1923.
  6. Eaton in his article mentions the improved depth effect obtained from a single picture by relaxing the accommodation. He says on page 71 … "as we are going to believe ourselves looking at a distant scene our accommodation should be relaxed." From this we infer that he believes the improved depth effect results from putting the eye in the same condition of accommodation as it normally is in when receiving the kind of scene the picture represents. If this is so the depth in a picture of very near objects should not be improved by relaxing the accommodation. We find the contrary to be the case that the depth effect in a picture of object which were but a few inches from the lens of the camera is improved by relaxing the accommodation. "The Visual Perception of Solid Form" British Journal of Ophthal 3, pp. 71 and 406; 1919.
  7. Science U. S., 9, p. 901; 1899.
  8. In a paper "Zu der Arbeit von Streiff über die binokulare Verflachung von Beldern" Kl. M.f.A. 1923. Bd 70, p. 534, Dr. Isakowitz takes exception to some of the explanations offered by Streiff and suggests briefly an explanation similar to ours. Dr. Streiff answers Dr. Isakowitz's criticisms on p. 537, same reference.
  9. Op. Cit. "Vision and the Technique of Art."
  10. The increased illusion produced by blurring the image of one eye seems to be a supplemental effect.
  11. Op. Cit.

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