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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1948
  • pp: 723–732

Distortion of Stereoscopic Spatial Localization

KENNETH N. OGLE and PAUL BOEDER  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 38, Issue 8, pp. 723-732 (1948)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.38.000723


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Abstract

The apparent distortion of stereoscopic space perception, caused by unequaļ magnifications of the images of the two eyes, as described by Ames, is studied from a mathematical point of view. It is shown that, at least qualitatively, the spatial distortions can be predicted on a geometric basis.

Citation
KENNETH N. OGLE and PAUL BOEDER, "Distortion of Stereoscopic Spatial Localization," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 723-732 (1948)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-38-8-723


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References

  1. K. N. Ogle, "The correction of aniseikonia with ophthalmic lenses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 26, 323 (1936).
  2. O. F. Wadsworth, "On the effect of a cylindrical lens, with vertical axis placed before one eye," Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 342 (1876).
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  6. Harry Friedenwald, " Binocular metamorphopsia produced by correcting glasses," Arch. Ophth. 21, 204 (1892).
  7. C. Koller, "Ueber eine eigenthümliche Sorte dioptrischer Bilder: Ein Beitrag zur Theorie der Cylinderlinsen," Arch. f. Ophth. 32, 169 (1886), Part 3; " The form of retinal images in the astigmatic eye," Tr. Am. Ophth. Soc. 6, 425 (1892).
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  9. M. von Rohr, "Die Brille als optische Instrument," (Verlag Julius Springer, Berlin, 1921), third edition, pp. 195.
  10. Franz Hillebrand, " Die Stabilität der Raumwerte auf der Netzhaut," Zeits. Psychol. 5, 1 (1893).
  11. Adelbert Ames, Jr., "Binocular vision as affected by relations between uniocular stimulus-patterns in commonplace environments," Am. J. Psychol. 59, 333 (1946).
  12. Adelbert Ames, Jr. and K. N. Ogle, "Size and shape of ocular images: III. Visual sensitivity to differences in the relative sizes of the ocular images of the two eyes," Arch. Ophth. 7, 904 (1932).
  13. Adelbert Ames, Jr., "Aniseikonia—a factor in the functioning of vision," Am. J. Ophth. 18, 1014 (1935).
  14. K. N. Ogle, "Association between aniseikonia and anomalous binocular space perception," Arch. Ophth. 30, 54 (1943).
  15. K. N. Ogle and V. J. Ellerbrock, "Stereoscopic sensitivity in the space eikonometer," Arch. Ophth. 34, 303 (1945).
  16. K. N. Ogle, "Induced size effect: III. A study of the phenomenon as influenced by horizontal disparity of the fusion contours," Arch. Ophth. 22, 613 (1939).
  17. K. N. Ogle, " Induced size effect: I. A new phenomenon in binocular space perception associated with the relative sizes of the images of the two eyes," Arch. Ophth. 20, 604 (1938); "II. An experimental study of the phenomenon with restricted fusion stimuli," 21, 604 (1939); "II. A study of the phenomenon as influenced by horizontal disparity of the fusion contours," 22, 613 (1939); K. N. Ogle, "Induced size effect," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 30, 145 (1940); K. N. Ogle, "Induced size effect with eyes in asymmetric convergence," Arch. Ophth. 23, 1023 (1940); A. S. Householder, "A theory of the induced size effect," Bull. Math. Biophys. 5, 155 (1943). *** For a consideration of the spatial distortions in cases of astigmatic spectacle corrections with oblique axes see: K. N. Ogle and L. F. Madigan, "Astigmatism at oblique axes and binocular stereoscopic spatial localization," Arch. Opth. 33, 116 (1945).
  18. K. N. Ogle and L. F. Madigan, "Astigmatism at oblique axes and binocular stereoscopic spatial localization," Arch. Ophth. 33, 116 (1945).
  19. K. N. Ogle, " Meridional magnifying lens systems in the measurement and correction of aniseikonia," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 302 (1944).
  20. A. Ames, Jr., K. N. Ogle, and G. H. Glidden, " Corresponding retinal points, the horopter and size and shape of ocular images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 22, 576 (1932).
  21. H. von Helmholtz, Physiological Optics (English translation) (The Optical Society of America, 1925), Vol. 3, p. 349.

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