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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1949
  • pp: 994–1008

Dependence of the Sensitivity of Unsensitized Photographic Emulsions upon Temperature

MARTIN BILTZ  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 39, Issue 12, pp. 994-1008 (1949)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.39.000994


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Citation
MARTIN BILTZ, "Dependence of the Sensitivity of Unsensitized Photographic Emulsions upon Temperature," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 994-1008 (1949)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-39-12-994


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References

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  10. It should be mentioned, however, that L. Falla [Bull. Soc. Roy. Sci. Liége 11, 196–199 (1942)] finds much higher redsensitivity for the deep internal image than for the surface image.
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  39. To explain experimental results obtained by exposing latent images, formed at - 185°C, simultaneously to actinic and bleaching (infra-red) radiation at the same low temperature, W. F. Berg [Trans. Faraday Soc. 35, 445–458 (1939)3 assumed that under those conditions electrons may be trapped in two ways: either in shallow and numerous traps, or in deep and relatively fewer traps. He further assumed that the shallow traps exist in the silver halide and the deep traps in the sensitivity nuclei. From the present experiments, it seems to follow that this concept is not restricted to the latent-image formation at low temperature, although in commercial (chemically sensitized) emulsions exposed at room temperature and developed in commercial (substantially surface) developers the significance of the shallow traps is small.
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