OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 1949
  • pp: 445–453

The Plastic Deformation and Crystal Orientation of Thallium Halides

ALEXANDER SMAKULA and MYRON W. KLEIN  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 39, Issue 6, pp. 445-453 (1949)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.39.000445


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (3748 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The plastic deformation of cubic thallium halide crystals produced under pressure of a cone perpendicular to the crystal surface, shows two kinds of very sharply limited, raised patterns, namely, the “superficial” and the “transmitted.” In both of these patterns, the shape, symmetry, and position depend on the lattice orientation of the crystal with respect to the observation surface. The first appears around the press point in the form of radial wings. The second develops on the opposite side of the press point and has a square or a rhombic shape. Characteristics of the patterns are explained by the localized distortion of the single crystal around the press point into an aggregate of small crystals. The glide planes (T) of the small crystals lie in the dodecahedron faces (110), and the glide directions (t), in the cubic faces (001). The superficial patterns can be applied to determine the crystal orientation within a few degrees. Inner strains which are not permanent develop symmetrically around the press point. Under pressure of a cone, sodium chloride crystals show splitting along the dodecahedron faces (110), while under the same conditions, silver chloride crystals give only diffuse patterns.

Citation
ALEXANDER SMAKULA and MYRON W. KLEIN, "The Plastic Deformation and Crystal Orientation of Thallium Halides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 445-453 (1949)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-39-6-445


Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. H. Rubens, Verh. d. D. Phys. Ges. 15, 108 (1896); 17, 102 (1911); Wied Ann. 69, 576 (1899); Phys. Zeits. 4, 726 (1903); Ann. d. Physik. 26, 615 (1908); 54, 476 (1895); 60, 724 (1847).
  2. H. Rather, Optik 1, 296 (1946).
  3. Raymond M. Fuoss, Rev. Sci. Inst. 16, 154 (1945); H. C. Kremers, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 337 (1947).
  4. H. Schroeder, Zeits. f. Physik. 67, 24 (1931); T. Barth, Am. Mineral. 14, 358 (1929).
  5. R. B. Barnes, Zeits. f. Physik. 75, 730 (1932).
  6. A. Elliot and L. E. Mayes, German Infrared Devices and Associated Investigations, CIO Subcommittee Report No. 2, File XXXIII-9, 8–10 (1945); R. Koops, Optik 3, 298 (1948).
  7. E. K. Plyler, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 885 (1947); Robert Hofstader, Phys. Rev. 72, 1120 (1947); W. L. Hyde, J. Chem. Phys. 16, 744 (1948).
  8. Measurements of M. Czerny see R. Koops, reference 6.
  9. G. Hettner and G. Leisegang, Optik 3, 305 (1948).
  10. Private communication by E. K. Plyler.
  11. C. D. West and T. Makas, J. Chem. Phys. 16, 427 (1948); E. Burstein and P. L. Smith, Phys. Rev. 74, 229 (1948).
  12. E. Reusch, Ann. d. Physik. and Chemie 132, 443 (1867); G. Muegge, Neu. Jahrb. f. Mineral. 1, 72 (1898); A. Johnson, Neu. Jahrb. f. Mineral. 2, 145 (1902); Fortschr. d. Mineral 3, 100 (1913); Jahrb. d. Rad. and El. 11, 248 (1914).
  13. G. Tammann and A. Mueller, Zeits. f. Metallkunde 18, 69 (1926).
  14. A. F. Joffé, The Physics of Crystals (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1928); M. J. Buerger, Am. Mineral. 15, 174 (1930).
  15. The term "glide"is used to indicate the general process of translation and twinning. See: W. Boas, Physics of Metals and Alloys (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1947), p. 71.
  16. J. F. Nye, Nature 162, 300 (1948).
  17. Vraski, Gogoberidze, and Flerova, J. Tech. Phys. 17, 723 (1947).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited