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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 1949
  • pp: 719–722

A New Series of Microscope Objectives: I. Catadioptric Newtonian Systems

DAVID S. GREY and PAUL H. LEE  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 39, Issue 9, pp. 719-722 (1949)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.39.000719


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Abstract

The problem of computing a microscope objective corrected for visible light and for ultraviolet light is reviewed. As it does not seem possible to achieve freedom from chromatic aberrations over this interval with purely refractive objectives of large numerical apertures, a study of catadioptric objectives limited to spherical surfaces is initiated. Catadioptric objectives containing two mirror surfaces may be described as deriving from either the Newtonian or the Schwarzschild telescope objective. Construction data are given for Newtonian objectives which have numerical aperture 1.0 and which are corrected from 220 mµ through the visible spectrum. These modified Newtonian objectives have one serious defect: a large central portion of the aperture is obscured.

Citation
DAVID S. GREY and PAUL H. LEE, "A New Series of Microscope Objectives: I. Catadioptric Newtonian Systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 39, 719-722 (1949)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-39-9-719


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References

  1. J. R. Loofbourow, Rev. Mod. Physics 12 (1940).
  2. Land, Blout, Grey, Flower, Husek, Jones, Matz, and Merrill, A color translating Ultraviolet Microscope. Science 109, 371–374 (1949).
  3. L. V. Foster and E. M. Thiel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 689–692 (1948).
  4. B. K. Johnson, An achromatic objective for use in ultraviolet microscopy, Proc. Phys. Soc 51, 1034–1039 (1949).
  5. An ingenious series of objectives which contain partially reflecting surfaces has been computed: B. K. Johnson, An achromatic reflection microscope for use with visible or ultraviolet light. Proc. Phys. Soc. 53, 714–719 (1941). B. K. Johnson, A compound reflecting microscope of high aperture for use in ultraviolet light. J. Sci. Inst. 26 (1949).
  6. K. Schwarzschild, Theorie der Spiegeteleskop (Göttingen Observatory, 1905).
  7. D. D. Maksutov, New catadioptric meniscus systems, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 34, 270–284 (1944).
  8. E. H. Linfoot, An application of the Schmidt principle to microscopy, J. Scient. Inst. 15, 405–406 (1938).
  9. A. Bouwers, Achievements in Optics (Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, 1946), p. 16–45.

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