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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 4, Iss. 3 — May. 1, 1920
  • pp: 160–184

THE “ALL OR NONE” LAW IN VISUAL RESPONSE

LEONARD THOMPSON TROLAND  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 4, Issue 3, pp. 160-184 (1920)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.4.000160


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LEONARD THOMPSON TROLAND, "THE “ALL OR NONE” LAW IN VISUAL RESPONSE," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 4, 160-184 (1920)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-4-3-160


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References

  1. See Lucas, K., "The Conduction of the Nervous Impulse." London, 1917.
  2. Forbes, A., and Gregg, A., "Electrical Studies in Mammalian Reflexes. II. The Correlation Between Strength of Stimuli and Direct and Reflex Nerve Response." Amer. Jour. of Physiol., 1915, Vol. 39, pp. 172–235.
  3. Similar demands would arise from a purely physiological study of the motor responses of the organism to stimuli of various intensities applied to sense organs.
  4. Meyer, Max, "Zur Theorie der Differenztöne und der Gehörsempfindungen überhaupt" Zeitschr. f. Psychol u. Physiol, d. Sinnesorg., Bd. 16, S. 1–48, esp. S. 22 ff.
  5. See Schäfer, E. A., "Text-Book of Physiology," 1900, Vol. 2, pp. 1190–1192.
  6. Troland, L. T., "The Nature of the Visual Receptor Process." This JOURNAL, 1917. Vol. 1, esp. pp. 11–12.
  7. On this point cf. Parsons, J. H., "An Introduction to the Study of Color Vision," 1915, pp. 117–125.
  8. Hartridge, H., "The Chromatic Aberration and Resolving Power of the Eye." J. of Physiol., 1918, Vol. 52, pp. 175–246, esp. p. 190.
  9. In a forthcoming paper.
  10. Purkinje, J. E., "Beobachtungen und Versuche zur Physiologie der Sinne," 1825. Bd. 2, S. 74–78. The entire passage is quoted by Gertz (vide infra).
  11. Zeeman, P., "Ueber eine subjektive Erscheinung im Auge" Zeitschr. f. Psychol, u. Physiol, d. Sinnesorg., Bd. 6, 233–234.
  12. Gertz, H., "Über autoptische Wahrnehmung der Sehtätigkeit der Netzhaut," Erste Abhandl. Skand. Arch. f. Physiol., 1907, Bd. 19, S. 381–408. Zweite, Abhandl., ibid., 1909, Bd. 21, S. 315–350. Also: "Ueber entoptische Wahrnehmung des Actionsstroms der Netzhautfasern." Zentralbl. f. Physiol., 1905, Bd. 19, S. 229–233.
  13. Hubbard, J. C., "A Curious Secondary Visual Phenomenon Resulting from a Stimulation of the Macular Region." Psychol. Bull., 1910, Vol. 7, pp. 196–199.
  14. To be published in Psychobiology.
  15. Helmholtz, H. von., "Handbuch der Physiologischen Optik." 3te Aufl., 1911, Bd. 2, S. 13–17.
  16. Müller, G. E., "Ueber die galvanischen Gesichtsempfindtingen." Zeitschr. f. Psychol, u. Physiol, d. Sinnesorg., 1897, Bd. 14, S. 329–374.
  17. See Helmholtz, loc. cit., Bd. 2, S. 15.
  18. I find, after writing the above, that similar arguments have been advanced by Gertz, in his very thorough and penetrating theoretical analysis of the basis of the blue arc phenomenon, Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, pp. 327–350.
  19. The distance from the artificial pupil to the cornea of the observer's eye was 8 mm.
  20. A photon represents the intensity of stimulation of the retina with a stimulus field brightness of one candle per square metre and a pupillary area of one square millimetre.
  21. Loc. cit., 1909, Bd. 21, S. 326.
  22. Cf., on these points, Parsons, loc. cit., p. 120, and Schäfer, loc. cit., p. 1112.
  23. Loc. cit., pp. 198–215.
  24. Cf. Bayliss, W.: "The Principles of General Physiology," 1915, pp. 396–470.

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