OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 40, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 1950
  • pp: 269–274

Electrons vs. Photons: A Comparison of Microscopes

L. MARTON  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 40, Issue 5, pp. 269-274 (1950)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1152 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A comparison of the transmission-type electron microscope with the similar light microscope has to include considerations of the differences in the nature of the carrier of radiant energy and of the optical media used for building up the optical systems. Although electron optics is of relatively recent origin, fairly good agreement of the experimental limits with the theoretically expected ones has been obtained. After a discussion of existing discrepancies, proposals and attempts for improving the performance of the electron microscope are outlined.

L. MARTON, "Electrons vs. Photons: A Comparison of Microscopes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 269-274 (1950)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. L. Marton and L. I. Schiff, J. App. Phys. 12, 759 (1941).
  2. V. E. Cosslett, Electron Optics (Oxford University Press, New York, 1946); D. Gabor, The Electron Microscope (Chemical Publishing Company, Inc., Brooklyn, New York, 1948); V. K. Zworykin et al., Electron Optics and the Electron Microscope (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1945); L. Marton, Reports on Progress in Physics (The Physical Society, London, 1946), Vol. 10, p. 204.
  3. E. Ruska, Archiv. f. Elektrotech. 38, 102 (1944).
  4. L. Marton, J. App. Phys. 16, 131 (1945); J. B. Lepoole, Philips Tech. Rev. 9, No. 2 (1947); Haine, Page, and Garfitt, J. App. Phys. 21, 173 (1950).
  5. R. D. Williams and R. W. G. Wyckoff, J. App. Phys. 17, 23 (1946); R. W. G. Wyckoff, Electron Microscopy (Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York, 1949).
  6. C. E. Hall, J. App. Phys. 19, 198, 271 (1948).
  7. L. Marton and S. H. Lachenbruch, J. App. Phys. 20, 1171 (1949).
  8. J. D. Bernal, Proc. Phys. Soc. (London) A62. 537 (1949).
  9. O. Scherzer, Optik 2, 114 (1947).
  10. D. Gabor, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) A197, 454 (1949).
  11. Private communication from Dr. T. E. Allibone, and M. E. Haine, Assoc. Elec. Ind. Ltd., Res. Labs.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited