OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1951
  • pp: 895–917

Recent Concepts of Retinal Color Mechanism. I. Contributions from Psychophysics

S. A. TALBOT  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 41, Issue 12, pp. 895-917 (1951)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.41.000895


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (3594 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Since König, experiment has yielded 6 different sets of 3 “primary processes” for tricolor vision in the fovea. Their variation with test method, and conflict with other data, suggest only an indirect relation to the absorption curves of receptors. Blue and yellow in the retinal periphery, in the central fovea, and in transient effects, act as if coupled physiologically. Yellow proves independent of red and green, and blue has many characteristics of rod function.

To adjust the Helmholtz view of deficiency to modern observations, new mechanisms for white and hues are needed in the cortex. The Müller theory adds black and locates in the retina this inner zone; but likewise fails to assign it a physiological mechanism. Recent experiments confirm the retinal location of both yellow and black mechanisms; hence an opponents theory seems unavoidable. The psychophysical evidence calls for unsymmetric synaptic connections before the “primary processes,” and also after them to create hues and luminosity separately.

Citation
S. A. TALBOT, "Recent Concepts of Retinal Color Mechanism. I. Contributions from Psychophysics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 895-917 (1951)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-41-12-895

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited