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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 42, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 1952
  • pp: 525–527

The Visibility of Black Objects Against an Illuminated Background

M. A. BOUMAN and E. W. M. BLOKHUIS  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 42, Issue 8, pp. 525-527 (1952)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.42.000525


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Abstract

Measurements in terms of the total average number of quanta that must be intercepted from the background by a flash of various durations, shapes, and sizes in order to perceive a “negative” flash are presented for rod vision 7° nasal from the fovea.

It proved that the results are fairly well described by quantatheoretical observations on the dependence of the absolute threshold on the visual angle of the test spot and the flashtime and such observations on the behavior of the contrast threshold.

Citation
M. A. BOUMAN and E. W. M. BLOKHUIS, "The Visibility of Black Objects Against an Illuminated Background," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 525-527 (1952)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-42-8-525


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References

  1. H. A. van der Velden, Documenta Ophthalmologica 111, 321 (1946).
  2. Hl. de Vries, Physica 10, 553 (1943).
  3. M. A. Bouman, Documenta Ophthalmologica 4, 23 (1950). J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 825 (1950).
  4. H. R. Blackwell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 624 (1946).
  5. Lamar, Hecht, Schlaer, and Hendley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 741 (1948), Hecht, Ross, and Müller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 500 (1947).
  6. M. A. Bouman and H. A. van der Velden, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 38, 231 (1948).
  7. M. A. Bouman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 40, 825 (1950).

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