OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 43, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 1953
  • pp: 1211–1215

The Use of Photomultipliers in Raman Spectroscopy

H. J. MARRINAN  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 43, Issue 12, pp. 1211-1215 (1953)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (547 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The dark current and signal/noise characteristics of an RCA 1P21 and an E.M.I. VX5031 photomultiplier have been compared from the point of view of their suitability for photoelectric Raman spectroscopy. The construction of a simple apparatus for the refrigeration of the RCA tube to liquid oxygen temperature is described. It is found that at low temperatures the noise associated with the dark current of the photomultiplier is negligible compared with the fluctuations (shot effect) in the photocurrent obtained when recording Raman spectra. Under these conditions the signal-to-noise ratio obtainable for a given rate of scanning of the spectrum depends solely on the square root of the light flux incident upon the photomultiplier, and cannot be improved by further refrigeration of the detector.

H. J. MARRINAN, "The Use of Photomultipliers in Raman Spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 1211-1215 (1953)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. R. W. Engstrom, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 420 (1947).
  2. Rank, Pfister, and Coleman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 390 (1942).
  3. Rank, Pfister, and Grimm, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 33, 31 (1943).
  4. D. H. Rank and R. V. Wiegand, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 36, 325 (1946).
  5. J. Y. Chien and P. Bender, J. Chem. Phys. 15, 376 (1947).
  6. P. O. Kinell and P. Traynard, Acta Chem. Scand. 2, 193 (1948).
  7. Heigl, Dudenbostel, Black, and Wilson, Anal. Chem. 22, 154 (1950).
  8. M. M. Suschinskii, Doklady Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 70, 221 (1950).
  9. Stamm, Salzman, and Mariner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 119 (1953).
  10. R. F. Stamm and C. F. Salzman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 43, 127 (1953).
  11. M. Dupeyrat, J. phys. radium 14, 131 (1953).
  12. A. Sommer and W. E. Turk, J. Sci. Instr. 27, 113 (1950).
  13. C. Taylor, J. phys. radium 10, 255 (1949).
  14. R. W. Engstrom (private communication).
  15. R. W. Engstrom, Rev. Sci. Instr. 18, 587 (1947).
  16. Kemp, Jones, and Durkee, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 811 (1952).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited