OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 47, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 1957
  • pp: 300–305

Formation of Luminescent Films by Evaporation

CHARLES FELDMAN and MARGARET O’HARA  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA, Vol. 47, Issue 4, pp. 300-305 (1957)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (660 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Luminescent films of ZnS [Mn], Zn2SiO4 [Mn], Zn2(PO4)3 [Mn], CaF2 [Mn], and CaWO4 [W] have been formed by evaporation in a vacuum and a subsequent heat treatment. Most of the films may be made either transparent or fogged depending on the post-heat treatment. The luminescent brightness of the fogged films, under cathode ray excitation, approaches the brightness of the bulk powdered material. The brightness of the transparent films is limited chiefly by internal reflection. In general, the phosphor chemistry of the powdered materials has been found to be applicable to thin films.

CHARLES FELDMAN and MARGARET O’HARA, "Formation of Luminescent Films by Evaporation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 47, 300-305 (1957)

Sort:  Author  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. H. De Boer and C. J. Dippel, U. S. Patent No. 1,954,691 (April 10, 1934).
  2. F. E. Williams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 37, 302 (1947).
  3. N. C. Jamison, Philips Laboratories (personal communication).
  4. Studer, Cusano, and Young, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 41, 559 (1951).
  5. H. W. Leverenz, An Introduction to Luminescence of Solids (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1950), pp. 432–435.
  6. F. J. Studer and D. A. Cusano, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 45,493 (1955).
  7. Spectra Brightness Spotmeter; ½° ultra-sensitive model, Photo Research Corporation, Hollywood, California.
  8. The luminescent materials used in this study, with the exception of CaF2, were supplied by E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Company, and Sylvania Electric Products, Inc.
  9. D. A. Lyon, Hill Building, Washington, D. C., patent pending (CuI conducting films are not as stable as the SnOx films).
  10. R. J. Ginther, J. Electrochem. Soc. 101, 248 (1954).
  11. F. A. Kröger, Luminescence in Solids Containing Manganese (N. V. Drukkerij Jacob van Campen, Amsterdam, 1940).
  12. A. L. Smith, J. Electrochem. Soc. 98, 363 (1951).
  13. The electron beam current of 10µa represents the total current collected, including secondaries, at the post-ultor (post-deflection) electrode of the tube. The actual current falling on the films is less than this value.
  14. P. H. Dowling and J. R. Sewell, J. Electrochem. Soc. 100, 22 (1953).
  15. L. R. Koller and E. D. Alden, Phys. Rev. 83, 684 (1951).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited