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Journal of the Optical Society of America

Journal of the Optical Society of America

  • Vol. 48, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 1958
  • pp: 468–473

High-Sensitivity Crystal Infrared Detectors

M. E. LASSER, P. CHOLET, and E. C. WURST, JR.  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA, Vol. 48, Issue 7, pp. 468-473 (1958)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSA.48.000468


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Abstract

Germanium infrared detectors are cut from a large zone leveled crystal. Compensation with antimony donors is used to obtain n-type material. The gold-antimony doped detectors have a long wavelength cutoff at 6 microns and a photoconductive time constant which is dependent on the wavelength of the incident radiation. A table is given which shows the sensitivity characteristics of a number of these detectors. Indium antimonide detectors have been made with sensitivities comparable to those of the gold-doped germanium. The indium antimonide detector is made either by alloying or diffusing a thin layer of impurities into the surface layer of a single crystal of material. Cadmium is presently being used, giving a thin p-type surface on n-type indium antimonide. If light is allowed to fall on the front surface of the alloyed material, a photo-voltage may be measured between the n and p parts of the detector. The cutoff wavelength for this type of detector when cooled to liquid nitrogen temperature also is of the or der of 6 microns.

A comparison is made between the characteristics of the two types of cells and a description is given of a multiple contact cell which can locate a target as well as detect it. A section is included on the standard measuring techniques used in evaluating infrared detectors.

Citation
M. E. LASSER, P. CHOLET, and E. C. WURST, JR., "High-Sensitivity Crystal Infrared Detectors," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 468-473 (1958)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-48-7-468

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