It is pointed out that a theoretical relation exists between the distribution of energy in the image of an edge (edge trace) and the distribution in the image of a line (line spread-function). Experimental data are presented in support of this relation and the method of determining these distributions experimentally is outlined. It is also pointed out that, since the spot diagram of a lens represents the point spread-function, the line spread-function, needed for the foregoing procedure, can be found by mechanical summation of this diagram. An example is given to show that the edge trace of the finished lens can be thus predicted from the spot diagram.
R. L. LAMBERTS, G. C. HIGGINS, and R. N. WOLFE, "Measurement and Analysis of the Distribution of Energy in Optical Images," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 487-487 (1958)